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Published Monthly 
at 205 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 pe 


Entered at the Post Office of New York 
N Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIII— No. 1 

W *o^ ■ 

1), Sui Med fol pslit Our Prist FlourUMng Class, and One oj r/,, Tftree ffjMcfrne 

Hki Otter ZW Oil. (B and 0) are lAktuiiMi SI (■/„„■/ This te Pot i /to [ferj In a nd I our P*«l 

"^"'^ S d I Which Third Fo\ Particulars of Voting, Set Page 8, [Sue o/ Orfainat, L6 09 16 Ineftt 

, Selected tu U>« Beef from Hi "'<•''' Vumoei R» feed 
n Wcfl <■/ rAeee \ i Shalt <>■ fed ' - ' ''<■ 

Western Penmen's Meeting. 

— >i> I''Ihu!£I»s «r Intercut fn tin 1 
Proceedings— A n Admirable Pro- 


The third annual convention of the 
Western Penmen's Association was held 

in the ma Of the Iowa Commercial 

College, Davenport, [own, opening on 
w pdni ■ daj . i * ■ - ember 86, and lasting 
through the week H was the most suc- 
. r , - 1 .ii meeting in the history of the as- 
sociation, and a more enthusiastic and 
< m < i |n i-in- ;i^' .iiiilau'' "I" penmen perhaps 
has aevei convened, The proceedings from 
beginning to close were of the most in- 
structive character, and never flagged in 
nl. rest. There wan- present about 60 
penmen, representing nearly all of the 
Western States. The liel is as follows: 

I II Peirce, Keokuk. Iowa 

ter, Jacksonville, II 
. Huntington, Ind. 

H. s. Johnson, IX's Mi'iin- 

G. W MruM u, .I,li-|,...ih ill,' 111 

(i ll i;.-< ■!, Dixon, III 
C. C li, m h. Dubuqu 
I. I,. Frcelaml, Davenport, he 

blic Schools, Des 

ii - B C W i, Davenport . Iowa 

Tin- ne» officers oi the association are 

I'm ■ idenl i 'handler II. Peirce, Keokuk, 
Vice Pd sideul I \ Crondle, Dixon, 

V. N. Palmer, 



Secretory and Treas 
i ledai Rapids, la 

Executive Committee; W. F. Giesseman, iii - Muin.'s, ],,„ ; , ; i ■, s Chap- 
man i tec Moines, [ow n r T Benton, 
!m\ ,i City, Iowa. 

The convention was called to order by 
its president, C.C.t urtiss, of Minneapolis, 
daj ii ■-' p in Ifter thi read 
ing ol minutes one) i. port* ol officers, the 
exercises were opened bj 0, K. Peirce, of 
Keokuk, [a,, on "The Philosophy of 

Motion Hi- said -ill g I forms must 

haven preparatory motion, Perfect ideals 
alone do not make good writing. The 

ai'.ii i the hand whih off th< papa dur 

ing thi process oi h riting, constitutes the 

phil phi ol movement Fhe propei ex< 

eutiiiti of :\u\ - uj.H ,i iin, i ih-jieuds upon 

its tpplication \ rement, however 

good hi form, howi v< i well impressed upon 

/*)/ P. T. Benton. 


v yy'^hty 

By B. C. Wood. 

£$0t4^&edd J &&4€*6i f, S~*S 

By C. X lit 

the mind, can aevei I adi 

and produce unity of action without the 

application of this rcco^'iii/ei) \n-\\ er The 

poetry of motion embodies grace, ease, 

style and the general pleasim: e|]e< -is -Iuumi 
in skillful execution, which are due in a 

large measure to the presence of this almost 
inexplicable force. The principles whhh 
underlie ii or compose ii syateinaticallj 
accord with the highest artistic pro- 
ductions. To understand it is to secure 
the shortest, easiest and besl method to 
tin- highest possible nttainuo aits. 

Porno should, however, precede move- 
ment in learning to write, This is a neces- 
sity, from the fact that pupils all mil ,.-l I 

at t -aiU an age to render instruction in 

muscular movement practicable, their first 

efforts being with slate ami lead pencil 
Mr. Peirce said if he could have pupils re- 
frain entirely from anj effort at writing 
until fchej wereof sufficient age to have 

developed muscles, judgment., and pur- 
posc, he would proceed with movement 

rather than form, developing form as a re- 
sult of disciplinal motion. 

The speaker believed that there must be 
more or less finger action combined with 

that of the forearm, for the highest order 

of writing skill. Numerous illustrations 
and movement exercises were given upon 
the blackboard with an astonishing degree 

ol skill, showing that the " philosophy of 
motion" had at least developed one phe- 
nomenal master of the chirographic ;ut. 
A spirited discussion followed Mr. 

Peirce'a remarks, his position being sus- 
tained by a large majority of the -peaki-i- 

The evening session was opened by P. A. 
\\ estrope, of Grant, Iowa, on " Traveling 
Penman." He set forth his plan of organ- 
izing uud conducting special waiting 
cla-ses foi a Course Of twelve lessons. 
lli> plan was to first vi-it the school 
officers and secure the use of the 
most eligible public school-room, then 

visit the public school teachers, ., r ,, 

far as possible their co-operai I 

giving a free lesson to their pupils as in 
example. He then canvassed the neighbor 
hood for pupils, lie announced the first 
lesson free and collected no tuition until 
satisfaction was assured. His course com- 
menced with simple movement exercises, 
combined first with the principles, then 
letters and words. 

This exercise was followed by a discilS- 

sion in which was raised a question as to 

the relative desirability of the following 
form! for the reverse oval Idler- : 

On a vote of the members No. 1 re- 
ceived 11, No. i, .',■ No. 3, 0, and No. 4. 

6 votes. 

A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, I a , fol 
lowed upon "Muscular Movement Writ- 
ing." Mis exercise was accompanied with 

numerous and skillfully executed black- 
board illustrations. He would drill from 

the start upon the pure forearm move- 
ment, leaving ;m\ M'-e, -.ii \ in de-it- 'I 

finger action to be developed by the pupil. 

Hi also advocated the pi a in-- of the arm 
' I' to the right of the margin of 

the paper, thus enabling the hand to swing 
from the elbow in making the long strokes 
■ a' n Mini" rather bhan to make th< m with 
a direct forward and backward motion of 
the forearm. 
Tie--,- ideas called forth < rery spirited 

>l -i- < iirti--, ( raiidle, Ames, 

Peirce, I 'hapman and othi i ■ urging that 
the proper ringer action should be ex- 
plained I taught with that of the fore- 
arm and that the forearm should be 

calk parallel to ti 1( - margin "f the paper, 

working on a movable rather than a fixed 

irij a righl angle to the margin 

Mr. Palmer began his movement drills 

wiiii the direct oval exercise, following 

H iili inverted. These be first practii ed 

iii-« ii bj count Im motions in the air, 

then on paper, endeavoring to attain a 
spi ed ol BOO '!"■■■. n ' rokea per minute. 

Tie ■■ i ten i-"-- m re followed bj nume - 

others combining various tetters. In all 
Pis practice hi soughl to lead pupils to 
the ability to properly criticise their own 
svork, He did qoI believe in the use of 
oblique holders, In his advance practice 
In required pupils to cover a page of 

!,.o|-e:q> ill I'l minutes. 

Pal ...... Marl- a speed Clans. 

The proceedings of the second day were 
opened by A. E. Parsons, of Wilton June- 

l; i Wood, of Davenport, then gave 

upon " Blackboard Work." A 

"I "f the members were sent us 

a i [ass to the numerous boards surround* 

mil' the ball. They practiced to time from 

music at the piano by Mr. Kinsley, upon 

the numerous exercises presented bj theii 
leader. The exercises consisted] Brat, of 
simple movements, then single letters, 
combined capital letters, words and sen- 
tences. The whole exercise was intensely 
interesting and called out many astonish- 
in- exhibitions of skill, notably from 
Messrs. Peine, Wood, Pierson, Palmer. 
Duryea, lloff, Benton, Crandie and Net- 
tleton. In accordance with a request of 
ye editor several of these exercises were 
transferred to paper and are shown by the 
accompan] ing cute. We regret that many 

in all the various branches b, b >c- iill: l" a 

common school course. The necessar j reci 
tations are so numerous that, united with 

other incidental labor, a teacln i - time it 
so overtaxed as to compel the devotion of 

very limited time to any one recitation or 

branch of study. Half an hour i n [i e n 
week devoted by the whole school to 
n riting is often as much as can be -pared. 
and is even proportionately more than can 
be devoted to any other subject. The in- 
struction is to be given by an unprofes- 
sional teacher, most frequently wit! I 

knowledge or experience respecting the 
proper style of copies or methods of in- 

This, the speaker believed to be B fail 
statement of the circunistauees under which 
the vast preponderance of all the children 
of this land are forced to learn all the\ are 

stance- "it nnti |,n|,;i ,■,, [ :il is practicable, 
and to those who in bis judgment were 
circumstanced favorably to the acquisition 

and practice . . 1 fchfi nmimiiI.ii \, 

teach it by separate and specific instruc- 
tion; to all others do the best possible with 

finger movement. This is. of c ■■<-. 

assuming that the ti r< hei himself under- 
stands and ran teacl -i ulai iimv ( . ruciit, 

otherwise finger movement onlj is poasi 
We, It is an .>b\ ious fact thai an- prac 
tical use of the muscular movement 

requires ih more time ancWeffort than 

does the finger, and much more practice In 

after life to retain it; hence the finger 
movement is most certain to sc. ure ordi- 
nary results for ordinary persons and for 
ordinary use. 

It was Mi. Ames's beliei (hat writing 
did cot receive attention commensurate 


,:,,.,,..., B {Photo-Engraved) Submitted for Competition tn our !'■>-•■ Flourishing Class, and Ons of the Three Specimen) 
/-.:. Othei Two Cuts (-! and C) are Likewise Shown Elsmchwri in this Issue You art Invited <•■ Send Your Vote a 
r H '<,,/, See I and 11 hich Third For Particulars <•/ Voting see Page 8, (Sfae of Original, 10 x 15 Inches.) 


tion. Iowa, \\ln> gave a very creditable 
lesson on teaching adult classes, lie 
placed great stress on time as applied — 
first, to correct drill, and then to indi- 
ed In a special contest by the 
members of the association the word 
"moon" was written bj a luge number 
19 times In one-half minute.' Five minutes' 

trial on the sjinn word readied Hi.", words 

for five minutes, Counting w as discussi d 

at considerable length, and all agreed thai 
'■- Object was to secure uniformity, and 
that eventually the proper results would 
1,1 produced without thought, and, rela- 
tively Speaking, without si>_dit. Incessant, 
intelligent repetition is the sure road to 
111 cessful execution. 

Mr, Parsons illustrated upon the board 
't great length hi, plans ol developing by 
movement exi n ts< -. speed ami accuracy 

"' "notion. Much interest was elicited, and 

• ill agreed that his plan 

were written in ink too pale to admit of re- 


I ) 'I'. Am.- Mi. i, addressed the associa- 
tion upon " Methods of Teaching Writing 
in Ungraded Public Schools." Teachers 
Of writing, whin speaking of methods aud 
systems, very naturally speak from their 
varied standpoints A teacher before a 
class of advanced pupils, such as attend a 
|.ii-m> •- < olh'M-c for the specific purpose ..f 
qualifying for business, could uot use 01 
advocate the sa ne methods thai he would 
in the first writing grade of a graded city 
school; nor could the teacher of a graded 

sc! i advocate bis plan for an ungraded 

public school Here writing is taught to 
the masses, and under the most adverse 

i in iimstao" ' - I'lii"^ li '"-.' i I pupil- 

of all iges and evarj degree of talent and 
attainment, to be instrui ted bj a dngle 

teacher, for a ami oftCU single term, 

to kuow of writing. Many of these pupils 
by force of circumstances, attend school 
for onbj a ?ery limited period, barely ac- 
quiring the rudiments ol the first branches, 
their life pursuits callin", for the nm~i 
limited use of the pen. Undei these cu 

cuin.stanccs, what is the proper course fin 
a tenclier to |iill'slie respecting the I caehi n- 

of writing ? 

First: If the teacher is able to write a 
fail I) -mid copy upon paper and the black" 
board he should, if time will permit, 
write copies (preferably upon movable 
slips.) illuslratuiL: ami anal \ xing the forms 
and combination- "i wiiim at the board. 
If notable to write a good copy, cop] 
1 ka should be usi d, \s a rule he 

believed tbat only ringer movement can I"- 

taught or acquired under BUG] Da 

siances. His plan would be thai B teachi i 
should tirst make himself personally ac- 
quainted with the capabilities 

with Its inipi'i lain-" tl allnl choul 

officers or teachers ii ' countrj scl i- 

Next in reading it m as the ittainmenj 

most necessary and useful, and should 

receive attention accordingly. These news 
seemed to i rd n ii b tho o of the asso- 

Thur daj afternoon C. C RearicA 
Council litulfs. addressi d thi b ociat ion 
i ■ many practi- 

cal bints Mesfli - < randle, Pi irci and 

A me- joined in a discussion at I In- iIom 

c. II. I'eiicc followed with u 
ing aud practical exercise illustrating 
" How to Gain Speed in Figures." Form 
stands first and must be secured l'\ th.- 
action of the fingers. Pn ■ 
. rder ol simplicity i 
i, o, 6, l - ■ I, 9, 2, 7, only in keep- 
ing with the propi c pn lentation of any 

subject, A 1 1 . : i.'i mi I. .II--. speed, taken 

singly. With the vet} beal re lult bi re 

we in.rv follow without aight, beginning at 

; derate rate and increasm", to that with 

sight. Combining figures, twOj three or 
more at a time, will follow, gaining speed 
positively and giving enough practice to 
retain the highest points gained almost 
without effort. Speed in figures will give 
speed iu writing. The professional's rate 
of speed in promiscuous work is 180 per 

nettleton's methods. 
■ Word and Sentence Writing" was the 
next subject, by G. E. Nettletou, Peoria, 
III. Mr. Nettleton developed a very in- 
teresting and practical plan of instruction, 
using movement exercises graded from 
simple i" complex, practiced by his classes 

in concert, by count or heating time. His 

classes often practiced in speed contests, 
both quality and speed being considered 
in determining the result. He advocated 
B style of writing above medium size, 
written with a coarse pen, without shade. 
Respecting the size of writing, the con- 
vention was not in full accord, many ad- 
vocating h size below medium, on the 
ground that the hand could move over 
short spaces with greater ease and celerity 
than over long ones. In other respects 
Mr. Nettleton was in fullest accord with 
the convention. 

At the close of his exercise there was a 
speed contest, in which the members 
joined as a class. The word "mine" was 
written the greatest cumber of times by 
C. H. Peirce, 130 times, and three others 
wrote it 116 times each. 


Thursday evening the exercises opened 
with song by a male quartette, composed 
of Messrs. P. T. Benton, A. N. Palmer, 
It II. Randall and A. R. Whitmore, W. J. 
Kinsley playing a piano accompaniment. 
The music was well rendered. An ad- 
dress of welcome to the association by the 
Hon. Joe R. Lane, as the representative 
of the Mayor of Davenport, was then de- 
" ' to as follows 

The president of the We 

, . I'the £Ood peopled 
for the cordial «vl- 

indicates that the law of evolution is working 
within our lines as well as elsewhere 

niiMiiy men. Renewed inquiry at all the 
schools of which I have knowledge and in- 
creased at tend a nee in tin- cl.iw- .••■nerallv 
show that we are continuing to assist in the 
educational labors of oui sea ration, and that, 
notwithstanding Mi-' in\ . n: i ■. ■ .j.iiiii- nt the 
race, the old art which ha- pie-tM-d the his- 
tory of the doings and the tin. lights of nian for 
more than 5000 years, has still a grand work 
to do as the processions of the generations of 
the race move forward in rythmic steps 

The schools of penman-hip and kindred arts 
are anion" rhe stnaiu'e-l aid- to t he coiinm-i-mal 
and financial work of the world to-tlay. but 
this is only a portion of our work. The type- 
wi iter will l.-r. -tall the pen in line of business 
correspondence, and may possibly take its 
place m the literary work of the w 01 hi to some 
extent But for social coi ivspondenee it can 
never have a rival. No other agency con em- 
body and perpetuate : " 

whom ■ 

be done "by " that mighty installment of 
" —the pen. Next to personal con- 

little : 

tact with those who u. - _ 
nothing can rake the close, intimate and confi- 
dential relation that i- mad.- through the pea 
The peculiariti 

the families of 

a Inn all around them 

and faults alike — of 

know wiite themselves into the page 
which comes to us. Think for a moment, some 
of von gentlemen who have passed over the 
lollies of your youthful days (and are very 
sorry that'vou have), of receiving a letter from 
the supreme human being in all this mighty 
universe to you printed with a type-writer! 
Think of kissing a printed signature, and plac- 
ing against voir beating heart a letter taken 
. -. .7, 1 1 v hv ;i -hort hand -caviare, and rattled oil 

- c : -on, steel and 

that direction 

tie a complete failure from that moment. 

mi would begin to search the wide world 

e w ho could and would write i\ ith hear! . 

and hand, that would tell you the sweet 

"- -V the nervous 

iends,"with the young 
business career, with those 
struggling for literary laurel- w ith -in h a- ai.' 

struggling with dark t 
deed, when' individual 
an outlet, the pen in us 
mightiest ii 

good will and strictest attention of his 
pupils. He always accorded them some 
kindly greeting, and exacted the strictest 
attention to all.the details of his instruction. 

Mr. Hoff's plan was well received by the 
entire convention. In a future issue of tiik 
Journal it is probable that his plan will 
be more fully elaborated and illustrated, as 
we believe it deserves to be. 

After an extended discussion, in which 
nianv members participated, J. B. Duryea 
illustrated his plan of teaching "Business 
Writing to Advanced Pupils." He believed 
inconcert drill, but marked time cither h\ 
concert or with a stick upon a box or 
table; he made a free use of movement 


iry ago, and mark the 

The : 

thousand untrodden fields is 

the spirit of beauty striving to make itself 
felt. In textile fabrics, in porcelain and 
earthenwares, in the fashioning of wood, 

st ■ and inelal . in printing, lithography and 

engraving ; hi architecture, painting, music, 

the drama : in all the kingdoms of eonstruet- 

thought and action, the spirit of beauty 

move with the 

parallel lines with the other and 

work, and there will follow that enthusiani 
which alone is necessary to keep us in har- 
mony with the spirit of the age, and send 

... e invaluable, and theii importance C 
overestimated. These serve to allay the bitter- 
ikss of uuwhol,.,oui.' competition, and produce 
instead thereof the healthful spirit of generous 
emulation, which is the mortar that unites the 
separate stones of the beautiful temple which 
we are striving to build. 


business should 

thereof may grow the acts 

ty, which alone can place our 

, that 

I helpful 


In conclusion, allow 
present gathering may be 

sion-.. and unselfish consider 
work of .in h member present be 
so that delightful 
may r. 

iope that 
of much l 
each and all. 
prevail i 

of the occasion 
the pleasant heritage of this 

-. of thi world may change. 

After music by the quartette, brief re- 
marks were made by C. S. Chapman, of 
Dee Moines, on '-Forged Writing," fol- 
lowed by a somewhat extended address 
by D. T. Ames, upon "Personality in 
Handwriting and the Detection of Forg- 
ery," which evoked the special compliment, 
of a vote of thanks. 

Third Day'* Proceedings. 

At Friday morning's session C. H. 
Peirce moved that, inasmuch as this asso- 
ciation recognizes in D. T. Ames, of New 
Yoi I, " nul only a leading light of the 
profession, but one who has done more 
than any one else for the progress_and 
elevation of his aud our chosen calling," 
he be elected an honorary member of the 
association. This was unanimously car- 

I). W. IJorT, special teacher of writing 
in the public schools of Des Moines, gave 

a novel and entertaining l, i 

"Teaching Movement" in the lower 

grades of public schools, from the fact 

that no writing in the regular lessons is 

allowed in first grade ana no slates used 

i n\ lessons whatever. 

Mr.HolT illustrated iu an easy, fluent 
and captivating manner his mode of teach- 
ing writing through the several 'jr. id. • oi 
schools in his charge; all movement drills 
were in concert, and in time according to 
music furnished by a music-box, which 
was easily regulated to measure any degree 
of time to suit the requirements of his 
classes, His Bret effort was to secure the 

W. F. Giessenian followed with an in- 
teresting and instructive exercise on "Pen 
Lettering,'" illustrating his method of 
making various kinds of letters with 
broad-pointed pens. 

R. S. Bonsall, Chicago, in an interest- 
ing talk explained the various methods of 
engraving steel and copper plates. He 
told how they were made by lines sunk 
into the plate, either by cutting with a 
graver or etching by acid, and could only 
be used for printing upon a copper-plate 
press. Wood and photo-engraving were 
made by cutting away the surface so as to 
bring the line into relief, and could be used 
to print upon any common printing press 
the same as type. Photo-lithography 
was the transfer of designs to the 
surface of stone. The talk was highly 
interesting. Air. Bonsall was formerly a 
teacher of penmanship and a very skilled 
writer, and has developed marked skill as 
an engraver of line script plates. 

C. L. Crandlc, of DixOD, 111., followed 
with an illustration of his idea of "Abbre- 
viated Writing.'' His ideas were ably 
presented, skillfully illustrated, and well 
received by the convention. We hope in 
the near future to present his abbreviated 
capitals and writing in The Journal. 

R. W. Fisher, Davenport, then gave an 
interesting dissertation upon " Business 
Correspondence," which was followed by 
a spirited discussion. D. W. Hofl occu- 
pied the remaining time of the Session fH 
the further development of his plan of 
teaching writing and movement with the 


Friday evening' 
somewhat humorous talk on "Penmanship 
Literature," by W. D. Showalter of the 
Ink Bottle, Jacksonville, III. Mr. Ames 
followed with a brief statement of the 
early history of penmanship papers in this 
country. The first of which he had any 
knowledge was the Writing Teacher, pub- 
lished nearly 25 years ago by H. W. Ells- 
worth, in New York. With this paper 
the speaker was connected. Later t the 
Western Penman, by .1. D. Conover, at 
Coldwater, Mich.; the Penman, by 
Thompson, of Cincinnati; the Penman 
ffaeette, by G. A. Gaskell, then at Man- 
chester, N. II., which was finally merged 
into the Home Guest, of Boston, soon dis- 
continued, when in 1877 The Penman's 
Art Journal was issued by A. II. Hin- 

first i 

•die. Pa. After the 
m-d b\ 

military purposes. The round trip occu- 
pied about two hours and will be remem- 
bered by all as one of the most pleasant 
incidents of the convention. After the 
return to the college rooms a short business 
session was held and the following resolu- 
tions were adopted : 

Resolved. That this association recommend 
to teachers that therinsisl more fully upon the 

freedom of the lillih ll'oUl tight sleeves, cull's. 

bracelets BndoOiei Impediments, in order to 

develop more easily a pi oper movement oi the 
muscles in writing. 

Resolved, That n 

nigh legion. Mr. Ames gave some- 
what humorous description of the joys 
and tribulations incident to the publica- 
tion of penmen's papers. 

C. N. Crandle then led a contest in 
" Blackboard Writing," participated in by 
Messrs. Pierson, Peirce and Wood. In 
variety and skill the performance was one 
of unusual interest to all present. 

Mr. Hofl being called for, treated the 
andience to several astonishing perform- 
ances on a harmonica, including the imi- 
tation of a railroad train in all its varied 
sounds. The performance elicited round 
upon round of applause. After ibis K 
H. Randall saug, with piano accompani- 
ment, the "Sword of Bunker Hill " and 
a humorous song entitled "Father's Old 
Half Bushel," both of which were well 

.„, corning at a. m. the mem- 
bers of the convention were taken in car- 
riages lo Messrs, V? I and Van Patten 

for a drive through the United States Arse- 
nal grounds on Rock Island. The weather 
was delightful, and the ride was greath, 
enjoyed bv every member of the party. 

Rock Island is beautifully located in the 
Mississippi River. It contains something 
upward of 1000 acres, is owned by the 
Dnited States and devoted exclusively to 

b suitable means 
for securing rythmical time in the execution of 

tracing J \teli.|e.| an o fluent exercises ill 

writing is heartily indorsed by the Western 
Penmen" s Association. 

Professor Peirce recommended the fol- 
lowing points for consideration at the next 
convention, and the Executive Committee 
were so instructed by unanimous vote: 

1. How to teach writing in our district 
schools to secure the very best results. 

2. How to instruct the toachei's iu institutes 
that they may better represent the art of writ- 
ing to the thousands of pupils in our graded 
and ungraded public schools. 

::. I 'nshadc.l business capitals. 

\a) " " writing. 

J. Shaded business capitals. 

(a) " " writing. 

The exchange of cabinet photos to be con- 
fined to members only, unless by special agre^ 

Remarks followed commendatory of the 
valuable normal work being done by 

Messrs. Kinsley, of Shenandoah, la., and 
Crandle, of Dixon, III. 

The subject of teaching writing to 
pupils predisposed to use the left hand 
was discussed. A. E. Parsons believed 
that no effort should be made to in- 
duce the use of the right hand, and of- 
fered a resolution setting forth that such 
was the sentiment of the convention. The 
resolution was lost. Messrs. Peirce and 
Ames believed that all reasonable efforts 
should be made to induce the use of the 
right hand, from the fact that the very 
construction of writing was adapted to 
execution by the right hand; yet it was 
their belief that the circumstances of each 
and every case should determine the course 

to pursue, and ihal no prescribed rule 

could be laid down. 

The officers of the association for 1889 
as named above were then elected. Be- 
fore adjourning these resolutions were 
ily adopted : 

Whereas, The third annual convention of 
the Western Penman's i (invention is about to 
close a most enthusiastic, pleasant and profit- 

R<>xnlrt'il, That the thanks of the a 
be tendered to Messrs. Wood and Van Patten 
for the cordial reception and hospitable enter- 
tainment extended to the numerous attendants 
of the convention. 

i:ri,.lr.;l. That this asocial mri j.ppivc lal e.- 
thc cordial welcome tendered to it by the Hon- 
orable Mayor of the city of Davenport through 
the Hon. J. R. Lane, also the cordial invitation 
from the lhisincss Men's \-soci:itioir 

/VcNn/ivr/, That this as-o, iati ■xtends its 

thanks to the press of Davenport for the lib- 
eral reports mad.- from day to day of its pro- 

The next session will be held at Pes 

Moines, .la., during Christmas week, 1889. 


An amusing contest in writing and 
flourishing bbndfolded occurred on Satur- 
day e\ ening after the close of the conven- 
tion between C, H. Peirce, of Keokuk, and 
I. W. Pierson, of Burlington. R. S. Bon- 
sall, of Chicago, and B. C. Wood, of Dav- 
enport. Mr. Peirce produced an entire set 
of capitals well nigh perfect in form, in 
alignment and all that goes to give quality 
to writing, also several specimens of plain 
writing which iu its regularity and form 
was above criticism. 

While Pierson, Bonsall and Wood dis- 
played scarcely less skill, that which 
caused the most amusement of all was the 
effort of these gentlemen and some others 
pus, hi io draw a pig while thus blind- 
folded. Their creations were fearful and 
wonderful to behold, Bonsall locating the 
eyje of his animal in the shoulder, while 
the "narrative " was attached to its back, 
while Piarson's pig -was without ears and 
wore bis eye in the mont Other produc- 

It was the general verdict of those pres- 
ent that Mr. Wood in his third attempt 

executed a more perfect set of capitals 
blindfolded than he did with his eye« 

open. It was suggested that in future ex- 
hibitions he write entirely blindfolded. 
The boys left the hall at a late hour, and it 
was the unanimous opinion that the even- 
ing was well spent. 

What do yon think of a 
. ,i month m wU givt somebeautiful earn- 
tal work. Business letters 
ifcowst '/"" intend to vote. 

Across the Continent. 

Ol Big Trorw— Tlirotlirh llu 

Vnl1<> — TkeonM mul Seatfle- 
■«*lnd Mountain FinU«. 

A deflection <>r nine miles from the 
regular road on the return from the Yosem- 
it«. to Ban Francisco, and about 45 miles 
oaf from the former, gave our party an op- 

|ii>rtiiiiit\ hi visit the celebrated Mariposa 

grove of big trees. The monumental 
nze and loftiness of these dominators of 

ill,. \rMi-t;ihlc kingdom nre astOUIldillg, 

,.\ in In [ii i-mis who liavi' heard all about 

them, and have theu proportions don d 
1i\ rote 

The Mariposa is, perhaps, all things 
considered, the mosi imposing of all the 
seven proves of big trees known in Cali- 
fornia There are 850 of these old giants 
in the grove, several times as many aa in 

(lie Culaveras grove, which contains the 

next largest number, Standing oul i>\ it- 
self is that splfudid specimen, the Grizzly 
i;i:mt. more than one hundred feet in cir- 
, liinfiT'ii'i' three feet above the ground. Six 

other trees in this grove have b circumfei 
enceof about ninety feet at this height from 
the ground, and one or two of the pros- 
trate trees are said to be of one-sixth 
greater diameter than the greatest of those 
living. Several of the trees in the grove 

reach i Itltude exceeding 300 feet. In 

the Calaveras grove one 01 the prostrate 
trees* "The Fathei of the Forest," '■- 
135 feet in length. 

Look at the picture presented herewith 
and you may get some sort of a notion of 
the dimensions of these forest patriarchs. 
The tree shown i- the Waimna, not nearly 

) feet Hit/it, Next to Ml. St. Eftt'os, Alaska, '>>> Highest Point oj Land in North Amm 

n, ,,-,„,, Through the Wa 

u -i t.ii oJ its compi 
1 rj considerable twig i 
urnt out by forest fires i 

grow iiiL' \ iL"'>n'msly, new wood wu 

ally making ;m«l bur-tin", through the 

I charred port inri~ ,ml i- good for perhaps 

several thousand years more. The writer 
was one of a party that rode through the 
opening in the tree on a Btage-coach, just as 
shown in the picture. It would be quite 

possible to enlarge the irate- way sufficient ly 

to admit of two such vehicles passing 
through abreast. The stately magnificence 
of B grove containing such a number of 
tin se v enerable patriarchs of the forest is 
quite beyond description. 

Our next trip was to the hot springs or 
geysers of California. These are located 
something over a hundred miles to the 
Northwest of San Francisco, and attract 
man) visitors on account -of their hot sul- 
phur baths, said to have great me.lie mil 
properties. We can certainly bear witness 
to the luxury of I he process. Our return was 
through the beautiful Napa Valley, famed 
as one of the great vine producing districts 
of California. The valley is indeed vine clad, 
with here and there a great 
variety of orchards nchlj 
ladened with choice fruits. 
So abundant i> the yield ol 
grapes that the best qualj- 
ites bring less than one 
real pel pound at the wine 


Sound, and is the terminus of the North- 
ern Pacific Railroad, The entire distance 
whs through the most dense forests of fir 
and pine, with an occasional settlement. 
These forests seeru-d interminable and one 

would think capable of supplying the con 

tinent with lumber for ages to c Saw 

mills and lumber piles were everywhere 

conspicuous in and at id Tacoma, 

Besides the ituin diate supply of lugs, im- 
mense rafts are towed down from all 
parts of the Sound. 

At Tacoma we took a steamei for 
Seattle, which is about 10 miles further 
up the Sound, and is a fast growing city 
of some 15,000 or 20,000 population In 
some respects this is ■ oj the best 

located and most promising cities of the 
Pacific Coast, It is rich in lumber, fruit 
and hops, and although further north 

than Maine has a remarkably mild and 


It was with reluctance 

thai on the ning of Au 

gust 9 we turned our face 

1 '.Mini i Uir first stop 

was ai Sacramento, where 

we were t at the station 

b\ E. C Atkinson, Presi- 

deul ,,l the Sacramento 

Business College, bi h horn 

we were treated to a day 

of delightful entertain- 
ment, driving through all 
the interesting portions of 
that beautiful city and 
Sacramento is one of the most BUbstantial 
and prosperous cities of the Golden state. 

Our way thence was over the California 
and Oregon Railroad, which runs all the 
way to Puget Sound, in the midst of the 
grandest mountain Bcenery. The road 

lies in the trough of tWO parallel nionuhi in 

ranges, the Siena Nevadas and the Shasta 
Range, and in full view ol both. Snow 

capped peaks are almost continually in 
sight. Among the grandest of these are 
Mounts Shasta, Mood and Tacoma. Of 

the latter we present a fine nil repp'senl - 

ing ii as ii appeared on the middle of 

August, Clad for several thousand feet 
from its summit in its never changing 

tli of snow and ice. 

Our Brat step was at Portland, a sub- 
stantial and growing city of over 10,000 
population. It has an immense trade in 
lumber and salmon. While there the 
write] was the guest oi A. P. Armstrong, 
of the Portland Business I ollege, an ex 
ceedinglj clever and entertaining ho I 

i ine d;r\ k :r- sponl in a trip bj i ti ai ip 

the splendid Columbia River, affording a 
view ol much magnificent scenery. 

After a stay of three days we left for 
Tacoma, Wash. Ter., which is delightfully 
located »1 the southern extremity ol Puget 

equable climate, frosl being unknown. 

The mountain views from this point are 

of the grandest mi the Coast. Across the 

Sound, tO the westward and in full view- 
are the tOWCI III- peal,-, main builnl In 

perpetual snow, of thi i >lj oapii i: inge 

to the east are the massive forma of 

Mounts Baker, Tacoma and St. Helens, 
while the Sound on the South and Union 
and w ashington lakes on the north afford 
the finest water Bcenery and facilities for 
foreign and interna] coi m a 

After three days' SOJOUIT] at Seattle we 

resumed our journey eastward ii" next 
objective poinl bi ing the 1 ellowstone 

National Park. The -i pretentious 

cities along the route are Spokane Falls, 
Wash. Ter.. from which our discriminat- 
ing artist has taken an attractive little 

scene, and Montana's capital, Helena, a 

UTeal tniiiiiiL; itiiIh. al t I 0(1 miles Mom 

the western end of the park At Living 
ston we left the mam I UK fi 

I-, mch line w huh landed us ai i ini ib u 

near the northwestern corner of the park. 

From this point the journi ■■■ ol i cplora 
tion in that Incomparable rcser a1 ion ■■■■ at 
made bj stage coach H o had take the 
reader through the park in 0UI D 

and show bimthingsnol 

on the broad earl h 10 fai u kno* d to I 

JStVo? I'fio lib P c P a t hue ill". 

Mi „,.,,/., intended fo\ thit department 

i ..'«■ ! ',.!,,.,, /,...., ■'.' / . ■■■ ' /. m *)u>iiltl hi 

tmt to >/<•./ //. /' ■ i"i I 

The Shorthand World. 
P| ii hi vex may be said or thought about 
the glut in the amanuensis market, there 
seems to be no "let up" in the educal tonal 
work done to fill the possible demands for 
stenographers. Not only are shorthand 
schools being multiplied on all hands, and 

another thing is accomplished which no 
!.:, en-scented teacher will ever lose sight of 
—viz, : the conveying with the words and 
phrases h bich the student usea to promote 
his skill valuable lessons concerning the 
verv work in which lie is engaged. These 
"sugar-coated pills" harm no one, but, 
like bread cast upon the waters, are sure 
i.i return, and to bless. Altogether, the 
work is to be commended. 

The Cosmopolitan Shorthander has taken 
the first step toward annexation, and re- 
moved from Toronto to Chicago. Messrs. 
Bengough. & Brooks say a graceful farewell 

Take, for instance, the following, that in 
one form and another may be culled from 
almost any shorthand periodical, and 
gathered from almost any thoughtful man 
or woman who has tried to get there: 

1. Make haste slowly at the st;irt. Call 

nothing "shorthand" that cannot be 
read promptly and easily, if an out- 
line is difficult, practice upon it until 
it can be made with automatic exact- 

2. Carry words in the mind, not only in 
their sound, but in their meaning. If 
it be difficult to do this, practice upon 

ment of words without knowing their 
meaning. That is not a vocabulary — 
[1 is a junk shop. Make yourself ac- 
quainted with the different styles of 
speakers and writer-; 
7. Get a pen thai jusl suits you, and with 

which it is a pleasure to write, and rid 
yourself of friction, as far as possible, 
in every way. 
B. Practice. 

The English Tongue. 

Among all the translations of "The 

English Tongue " received up to the pres 

W .VvuU\W,c\ oW\\u\>uV. 


Does y\/. TX_.. 6 ..^\^ 

W-l- 9 --vf< 


£~ : --bz-' 



L o .^C ..^//...s^.k. 


reasonable, truthful or deceptive, put forth 
to lure the would-be shorthander to the 
" only " fountain of knowledge, but books, 
and periodicals abound, " systems " are 
multiplied and the general tendency to a 
"boom" in stenography is kept right side 
up by all the devices thai the disinterested 
'• educator " can employ. So far, no- 
body is hurt by the excessive zeal, but 
everybody seems to be reaping a harvest, 
ami the " revolution " in business methods 
foretold by the first perfected type-writer 

continues to revolve. 

\i'i"ii'j the recent new books is Longley's 

" Dictation Exercises, " an unostentatious 
cheaply printed pamphbtof 72 pages, with 

Selections and original articles carefully 

arranged for stenographic work. The 

compiler, himself a teacher of great repute 

and the author of a Pit manic syste I 

shorthand, has made use of his wide ex 
periencc in this selection, taking care not 
onlj to secure "the besl verbal and phrase 

ologj i ith i foi all i lass< of work," but 

; the interest of the li orner in 
what he is (i riting !■ to accomplish that 
condition ol " mental grasp " a hich is es- 
sential to all effectii ■ repoi 

in the October- November number, and 
Mr. Isaac Dement, the champion speedist, 
starts the new series with a characteristic 
salutatory, and we are left with the pleas- 
ing task of welcoming the coming and 
speeding the parting guest. We do it 
with pleasure, and without an inrj dot. 

The champion typewrit ists, Miss Orr 
and Mr. Mctiurrin, had their innings in 
New York on Friday evening, January 11, 
at Packard's Business College. The as- 
sembly room was crowded with interested 
lookers-on, and the flashing ringers and 
monotonous click of the Remington 
machine made a feast for eye and ear. 
The i|ue-.tion which a croaker in the back 


■ propounded: "What is the use of it 



and SO We Saj here, it w; 

appropriate tribute to skill, and 
llghtfu] entertainment to the 
of the city, who tilled the hall. It was, in 
fact, a good thing, and ought to be re- 
peated in some form. 

More About Speed 
It is interesting to note the various SUg- 
urMiuj^ made by teachers and stenograph- 
ers concerning speed and the best waj 

to attain it, and especially to note that 

I hi j in- generall) sensibli and practicable. 

it. Get some one t 

of suitable length, ; 

ing them until you 


Use all the commo 

and if you need mo 

the gist of a speake 

i dictate sentences 
nd practice repeat- 
audoit readily and 

i sense you have, 

e, get it. Follow 
's remarks, and the 

exact expression, if you can. Above 
all, don't make a sensible speaker talk 
nonsense. If you have to supply a word, 
make it fit. 

4. Believe in yourself — not arrogantly and 
obstinately, but with a modest confi- 
dence that will not make you ridiculous 
if you should fail to do the besl that is 
in you. Don't let slight failures dis- 
courage you, but rather make them 
help you. 

5. Keep cool. Let others do most of the 
flurrying and worrying. Don't burn i 
your bridges, but leave open a sate re- 
treat, though you may never need to 
use jr. Keep your wits about you. 

ii. Get ii large vocabulary, by whatever 
best means it may be done. Read dif- 
ferent authors; listen to different , 
speakers; practice the art of composi- ! 
tion, in order that you may know your ' 
own paucity. Do not get an assort- | 

ent time, oot one has been perfect. The 
best two are by D. J. Cleary, of Platts- 
burg, N, Y., and Chester Ashley, Lake- 
ville, Mass. Each has made one error. 
< hie i> in I i:insl:itin^ I'. ,tc. , /» nut:; the other 
writes cm for rvttlil. Though the article 
is composed of short words, it is difficult 
to read, and to be plain should be vocal- 
ized to some extent. One grammatical 
error occurs in the script, owing to the 
word tillx being rendered I'll US, The 
key is given herewith. 


One of the bast things to be said of our birth 

tongue is that it is void of art and speaks in 

short words. Its style is full of pith and 

point ; its teems ■ire I.i i<<| iim.i I. t-.-. :liul in 
mode of flow is to a mark which it hits eueli 
time. The grand test of its force is found 4n 
the mass of ite short, strong, curt, crisp 
ivunls, which can say all that wi-e m- n i,n..u 
or .-.'ui learn, in to tns ol spe «h and with 
sounds thai ro t: thi mind md heart ■ 

AHT ^)l!l«AL.;^ 

,...i ii . hi g . i k, ii m 'i" |! " ir 8n - 

nn.l thev till tin- -mil in itli ll I- 

n iff -■mini* strike tin ■ ■<■- U •• 

iroi i Ibta 

!.... il. in ■ n 

,-,■,. wt lawn ii and irak ini he soul said the 

hi Bfted than a Bongcan Mien we have a 

l,,,.t ..I wiiril- -in Ii i 

■ i ■ |. ■ -n. Ii lull - ■ : 

■i righl mcb -mi - ol iriD 

'" ru>l .1 t"li- ■: . 

hIiiHi they fft-'ti in l< . «. I - ,.| _jovainl liie Im 
■ Ii- ii \ -.ii" .iii-l I i.i tin- t fist ■' .■'(' mnii, s>. do our 

.i« ll IM.J'.ls luille for us stores -I 

■■■ii i i- Bad cbi ■■! ii- in the darl daj - ol 

faith «l. i.i. -Ini.. 
hy nil coun't on 


ire than all i 

" No,v I lay 

.'.i.l in!' 

::;:,:n, T . 

and shout, and sc 

■ j .i jo Bhani ■ 

■ I- bat "i the fo 
llnw could n ^1 



ii she L'Oiild not 

ml ;i Ii.. 

..| shorl .. 

\ddress of Mr. j. p. tixialu Before 

(ho Packard School ol Meno-m !•]■ v. 


The qualification- ... ■ ,, ,,., .... 

' rti aographi i and tj pi writ, i operatoi 

'''■■ < stenaive thai the name of the 

art implies. An acceptable and success- 
li a i nowadays i- more than a 
mere writer of shorthand and m operator 
of the type writer. There is very little 
d< "i-i"'i I'.i stenographei ind type-writer 
merely, bul there is a very large 
""I ' vet increasing .1. mand foi youn ■ 

young women with ■. i bus£ 

ness heads who have n thorough knowl- 

■ pi ind type-writing. It 

' im. lii-t,,,,, I that aliilitv to 

spell and punctuate correct^ is indispensa- 

! I " dailj contact with this 

:''!'• pa-l ...mIH M ,- 

| .1 II,.- cla» 

1 i- '■ :ii-i i m\ duti and 

antil M,,,,, i,. t rornfafa 

bousi - 

11 lmMI - and I h... . 

the f;,ilm»> of wdnch business im-n rum- 
plain; and being ■■' stenographer myself, 1 
think I know the reasons fur these failings. 
The mi'-i common complaint against 

stenographers i- thai they arc mere ma 

rliin, — t luii i- tu say. they writ,- mechan- 
ically. Sou drop the words into the ear 
and they come out at the ends of the 

fingers, An error on the part of the dic- 

i i a, ii by this sort of sten- 
ographer. He simply writes sounds, ami 
il lii- car In- unreliable, as is often the ease, 
or the annunciation of the dictator be 
indistinct, lie is apl lo catch a sound that 
sounds like the right sound, but means 
something entirely different. lb Iran 
icribi what he has heard, or what he 
tliiuks he has heard, regardless ol the 
sense, and when censured for writing non- 
sense he will say : » Well. 1 didn't think 

thai was right, but that's what you said." 
Edison's phonograph will do much better 
than that. The •phonograph cannot exer- 
cise brain power: ii >■ mi discriminate; 

cannot use judgment : possesses no intelli- 
gence, but every articulate sound recorded 

even though he write but one hundred 
words per minute, is much more valuable 

than a one hundred and fifty Words per 

what it means, and when he hands in his 

letter he knows it is right; whereas the 
other man may be right and he may be 
wrong in doesn'l know which. 

B] in i iiu'ii attention is paid nowa- 
days to the cultivation of speed at the ex- 

penseol accuracy. Speed is a very desira- 
ble quality but noi nearly so indispensable 

as well-doing. Cultivate the habit of in- 
telligent writing, and speed will be ac- 
quired unconsciously. ]f your dictator is 
going loo fast, ask him to ease up. If his 
idea is not clear to yon, ask an e.\ pi ion. 

Ii v iome across a diffioull outline, make 

an inquiry. You will appear much less 

stupid by asking questions than by taking 
chances, on making senseless errors, thus 
not only incurring the displeasure of your 
employer, but detaining him, perhaps 
while you rewrite a kjtlg letter or con 
tract. Shorthand outlines arc so mu 

-C A- 



, V. 

_-<L. ^ -, 

upon its cylinder is reproduced with abso- 

i luracy. It has a faultless ear, and 

in this respect it beats the machine stenog- 
rapher. You possess brains; you have 
intelligence; you are capable of the exer- 
cise of judgment and taste, and if you are 

not prepared to offer these qualities as Q 
supplement to your shorthand ability there 
is no room for vou in the commercial 

My experience has been that in order to 
make an intelligent transcript of anything 
written in shorthand the matter must be 
intelligently heard and intelligently writ- 
ten. The mind must be concentrated on 
thesubjiat under discussion, so that you 
know when you are through writing, 
without reference to your notes, the gist 
of what has been said; and then, when you 
come to transcribe, even if you do occa- 

purpose. It is impossible and unnecessary 
to burden the mind with the exact expres- 
sions. All you need is the theme. The 
stenographer who possesses this ability. 

alike, and many of them, even when writ- 
ten in the proper positions, represent dif- 
ferent words, which, although they may 
make sense, still convej an idea quite the 
contrary of the dictator's intention. .^ 

The 'importance of type-writing must 
not be overlooked. In most shorthand 
schools this subject is treated with com- 
parative indifference. They have machines 

for the use of pupils, but the necessary 

instruction is not given. Skill iii type- 
writing is not such an easy accomplishment 
as some would have you believe. The 
machine is so simple in enn-trm .■■■■. I" 

be opi rated almosi at Mght. hut \, ■.-,.■. 

the best results I'mm il requin - I he Is j 

ni considerable time and patience, Ana 

Of whal value is your shorthand skill with- 
out the ability to make a and • |" i ■ I '■ 
transcript on tin- t\ |ie-w rihTf It is not 
your shorthand notes to which the signa- 
ture ,.i your ei oyi i is attached. The 

point from which In- jud"., ■- \ou, and from 
which his colicspoiident- jud-n- ltini, i- 
vour transcript. And still there arc hun- 
dreds i,f stenographers in New York o| 
absolute accuracy in shorthand whose 
t. [„■ w utrc work i- a disgrace in lie 
-elves and their emplo; 

and why '. Be 

cause they have never been taught how to 

handle a machine properly You will do 

well to take in all the instruction afforded 

you, for the coming operator must be not 

only B writer, but a machinist. Type- 
writing i- rapid.) increasing in popularity, 

and the public arc l» in-; more and 

more critical in their demands for perfect 

work, employers now know the differ- 
ent c bel n ' in careful and corslet operai 
ing, :iiei ti, ii " horrid machine ' is no 
longer an excuse for slovenly work. Mj 
remarks in regard to the comparative 
i ■■ -I' ipeed ind ai cuj a* \ in shorthand 

hold good also in type-writing. Write 
nothing (aster than you i an w rite it neatly 
ami correctly. Rernembei thai you can 
write from in to 20 words in the time ne- 
cessary to correi I our ei rar, 
\\ hen you come to seelt employ ment 

don't be too hard to please, i i com- 

plain if asked to do woi h ■ id< oi youi 

own line. On the other hand. r.|. u. Ii 

opportunities. < ;.■( : , L .,-nrr:il insight into 

all the details of tin- business. Make 

M- Tally useful. Relieve your 

employer of as much detail b po sibli . 
Ascertain whal part "i his work is most 

irksome to him, and ti\ to relieve him of 

it. If it is difficult, all the bi tti 

difficulties. Take plciuic i r-i.iin.; 

ill. in The verj facl of the work being 
difficult will give you an opportunity to 

show your ability, urn! maki 
valuable, and eventually indispensable. 
I cannot undo -r ;nnl lun\ mhiii^ men pos- 
sessed "i i be intelligence ncrc-niv to learn 
-I band can allon thi msel^ es to gel into 

the "machine" rut. Some seem to have 

no ambition beyond that of stenography. 

Others have the ambition to do sntnct liin- 

better, but d il know how how to so 

about it. I can tell you one way to do it. 

Stall in with the determination to do well 
cvei \lliiiiL' \<iu undertake Hand in your 

letters to v imployer so carefully, neatlj 

and eoiiretlv written that there will not 

be the slightest occasion foi alteration 

Tin- ni.i> i for si\ months or a year 

before il i- appreciated, but it will come 
in i iinr ^ mi fl ill ,onn I i 1 1 . 1 that he signs 

your letters without reading them over. 

The next nm\ e will In to 'li' tote all hi^ 

letters to you, and then ■_■■■ Inuiie leasit'e; 

you to sign them. Thu is tin highest 
compliment an employer can pay hu sten- 
ograph* r, H\ and by he uriJU 1 1 i 

some unimportant letter* to be an .,.,,,, d 
by yourself, giving you only some general 

directions. This is y ■ golden o|ip<u- 

luuil\. Gradually, you will tind more 
and more letters handed to you. and 

eventually you will yourseli c Lu< I 

the entire correspondence, which con- 
stantly grows until you find it neces- 
sary to ciupinv an assistant, and will 

dictate instead of ln-ino dictated to; and 
thus you go on and on until your name 

hangs nvci the door. If your employer 
is what iscalleda "crank,"consid.eryonr- 
seit lucky. Give me a crank, everj time. 
Of course, then on cranks and cranks — 
some "l them intolerable. That is not tin- 
kind of a crank I mean, but rather a man 
who is exceedingly fastidious in bis tastes; 

has certain set ideas about hon things 
should be done, ami sticks to them; who 

is wry exacting in his demands; possessed 

of a disagreeable and repulsivi manner, 
which he cannot help, and which it will 
pay you to humor. Anybodj can get 

along wit! osj -going man, bul cranks 

arc cranky, The] are hard I lerate 

but it pays. Cet on the right side ,,l il,, m 
and yOU arc all right They k I...W thc> 
are hard to please, but when you do pie '-' 

them the) « ill paj you more than 0113 ■ 

body else rather than let you go. 

To the young ladies [ may soy that then 
is lots of p for you u sineu Thi 

prejudice ilia! lormerh i\i-ln| ;il nihl the 

emploj iiicni ui femali 1 .boi hi been die 
palled, and the demand foi male and 
female stenographers 1- now about equal 

Such of you as intend to euti I COmmOT 

cial houses must prepare j leh e Foi 

difficulties and annoyances iii the begin- 
ning which will not bi experienced bj 

Vour brother-, who are a< , u<toiiu-i1 to the 

,11 [hi ' lide of man's nature. You will 
hai e to accustom yourself to the diffei 

,-nee l,e| « ecu and euiiiim icial 

etiquette. It will go hard with you ai 

first tO be criticised and censured, bul you 

mi i exped b 1 

work to do it in man's way, \ 0U must 

rememboi thai bu d in have no time 

for conventic ■ ini ab 

senl unK n bi n ab olntel | 

Mm ing bu lines b lo aol bi afraid 

of work. Do ool make beltev a working 
whi n you have nothin I do D 
n itch the ' locfe Treal the other clerks 
w nil , i\ iii j and politeness, bul with dig- 
nil v .ni,i 1, -, r\ e, Tim- you >-iii ici.n 1 
1 ,.,,.■ sell rcspei t, gain the rcspei 1 ol youi 

d i be ■- 1 b mi and 

oppreciati 1 yow employers, 

Am journal 

Penman's Art Journal 

i advertisements tola n foi 
elnnlatlon !«•! year 

Premium list on pagi 

>■■» York, i.nMi..ri. 188 


Editorial Comments 

Lessons in Practical Writing No. 9. 
D. T. Ames. 

Itcprcsenlutive IViiuh n ol \inn a, a 

('. N. Crawllr 
Quick Work With the Pen 

wants to Rxchangc specimens... 

The Penman and hi-, 

Dujilnif Vnuim Men 

Educational Notes- Fads; fancies . 

Death of Professor John it. Holmes. 

TH» Exchange Coontbh 

Editor's scrap Book.. 
Portrait ni c. N. Crandle 


The first frt*its of our prize competi- 
tions are presented in this issue. A large 
Dumber of specimens were received. These 
were nil submitted to Mr. A. J. Scar- 
borough, who wns chosen judge by the 
votes of a moj irity of the contributors. 
Mr. Scarborough's work was to examine 
the specimens and select three of the best, 
lie is quite us ignorant of who the design- 
ers of these specimens may be as is any 
reader of The Journal. The competition 
has been absolutel? fair in every detail, 
and who could wish for three more beauti- 
ful specimens of nourishing than an shown 

N«.w, it is for the subscribers of The 
Journal to do the rest, We have offered 
a prize for each of these flourishes. The 

first prize is $10 cash; the second prize 8 

copy of A-mes' immi-kmhim; the third 
prize a gross ol Ami-' Bebt Pens. It is 
fm you to say for which flourishes these 
respective prizes are to be awarded. Send 
ii- .it once "ii receipt of your paper your 
preference of the liner specimens and 
your second choice. The one receiving 

thi highest nber of votes will have the 

tirsi award, the next highest the second, 
and the other the third, 

9v*i wish evi rj Joi bkal subsi ribei to 

VOte I. el there lie a full, lire and fair 

espressi i opinion In voting, indi- 
cate the specimens as they are marked— A, 
B and C respectively, am rotes mu I be 
received bj Fcbruarj 10 al thevery latest, 
in time foi announcement ol the result in 
the next issue. When the result is an- 

ll11 " 1 w ah ill [rive the names of the 

\. i one of them can have 

occu to be other than proud of his 

work, whatever prize it may receive. A 
good form jj this: 

I think the prize* should be awarded as fol- 
Bperimen A, prise. 

In this connection we will give a choice 
of our regular premiums free to the first 
three persons (with allowance for dis- 
tance) who shall correctly name the au- 
thor of each of the prize flourishes. This 
is, of course, a side issue, and has no con- 
nection with awarding the prizes, but we 
have a curiosity to know if there are any 
of our readers who can place these speci- 
mens by their style or by reason of any 
individuality they may possess. 

Two years ago some of our \\ estern 
brethern conceived the notion of bringing 
together such members of the prof ession 

as were within convenient reach during 
Christmas week for interchange of opinion 
and discussion of topics, which would 
tend to promote their usefulness as teach- 
ers. The idea took shape at once, and 
from its inception the "Western Penmen's 

Association was an assured success. Much 

• mod was aceoniplished at the tir-t and 
second meetings, hut if was ver\ L'cneralh 
conceded at the recent galherinu al Dan-n 
port, Iowa, that no such assemblage of 
penmanship teachers had been got together 
to the knowledge of any attendant. Not 
to enlarge on what we have reported With 
such detail as the importance of the event 
demanded, the reader is referred to our 
.view of the proceedings 

■ of The Journal ' 
3 of the prize offerings i 

In the next 
shall present s 

other classes — business letters, ornamental 
work, &c. They include some very hand- 
some specimens. In the line of essays on 
teaching writing, &c, we have had re- 
sponses from some of the foremost pen- 
men and teachers of this country. The 
papers will be printed as soon as possible. 
We believe that no such widespread ex- 
pressions of expert opinion on these sub- 
jects has ever been obtained before. And 
we flatter ourselves that our prize competi- 
tions have been a very conspicuous success. 

We have received a copy of the pub- 
lished proceedings of the tenth annual 
meeting of the Business Educators' Aw, 
ciation of America. It is a work of 300 
pages, and a valuable document for com- 
mercial teachers, comprising full reports 
of the work of the Schools of Accounts 
and Business Practice, Calculations, Cor- 
respondence, Civics, Penmanship, Short- 
hand and Typewriting. This is the esti- 
mate placed on the work by Mr. R. C. 
Spencer in a letter to Mr. L. L. Williams, 
of Rochester: 

No publication has yet been issued of equal 
value to business teachers, for whom it is full 
of encouragement and inspiration; and it will 
make a splendid impress both upon the pro- 
fession and the public regarding the work of 
business education. Probably not more thau 
lon,o,, K -s will remain after fillin- the orders 

ulty and of prominent citizens in n m 


The price of the work is $1 a copy. 
Orders may be sent to R. C. Spencer, 
Sprnerriitn Business toiler.,., Milwaukee, 
Wis., or to W. K. MeCord. Packard's 
Business College, 101 East Twenty-third 
street, New York. 

A well-known teacher of penmanship some 
time since supplemented a Ions list, of sub- 
scribers srni us with this pathetic appeal : 

" For goodness sake, don't publish 

I. & - 


s i; w.i.-..., m .-, i,„ „ i „„,,„, 

Atlanta, via.. l'..|, .1 n., n ,„,,„ |-- avI <.,,.,.,,. 

wiri,. It I., Academy, IS ear),. Qvet 100 

clubs, varying from I to 1- names, have been 
red in. d. and se\eral lar-r club- which we arc 

Practical Writing. 


Correct. Position. 

Some years since, while visiting the 
main operating room in the great building 
of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany, No. 198 Broadway, from which are 
sent and received daily tens of thousands 
of dispatches by over .">00 operators, we 
asked the superintendent : "Were you in 
a word required to specify that which 
causes you most annoyance in the writing 
of your vast business, what would it be?" 
Almost without hesitation, he replied, 

In this one word is summed up four- 
fifths of the cause of all illegible or bad 
writing. The careless pupil learns to 
write with difficulty; the careless writer is 
the torment of his readers, and what upon 
reflection issurprising is the fact that most 
of this carelessness might be more easily 
avoided thau permitted, since it is n fact 

that the band habituated to g I and 

orderly forms repeats them more rapidly 
than it possibly can produce chance or 
disorderly ones. 

Teachers and learners, stick a pro here, 
and if you doubt, tryit. It is the forms thai 
are doubtful in their character that hinder 
and annoy the reader, most of which with 
the least care might be made unmistak- 
able in their identity, As an instance, a 
form like the following 

has no identity apart from the context; 
it may reasonably be taken for cither an 

s^z/ stes sots' 

and when extended to 

the forms arc still more doubtful, as it 
may equally well stand for any one of 
these seven combinations: 

Thus the importance of always employ- 
ing the proper curved line as a connection 
between parts of letters as well as 
between, letters will be very obvious ! I' 
the hand has been properly trained so 
that every motion comes from a correct 
and fixed habit, the correct forms are more 
rapid thau the incorrect ones, because 
there is no false or hesitating motions to 
the hand. 

From the foregoing hints and illustra- 
tions from hundreds of equal importance 
which we might give, the learnei will see 

bow very essential it i- to stand sharply 
on guard against such carelessm -- See t,. 
it that now while the h»b,t is being 
molded you establish therein form! and 
combinations that are not vague aud un- 
certain in their character. 

The following copies may be practiced 
for a lesson : 


/J2- L/fy Uuz^m^m^ 



i <u page 'J arc presented a large number 
ot movement exercises which we commend 
to all learners for practice, also the ex- 
ercises given with last lesson. 


i al., Business Collctfc. 
Inch includes tho-e brilliant vmiii- {,01111,11 
among i" 

1> B WUllB 

d growth, 
:iuess College, 
j, and ' opai ta 

ha- both 

— O. J.Willis, oi Wiibs' Busines! College, 

1 'nkl i. < '.'I ebutli 11-. - iln « 01 1,1 i,,! a plan- 
that has -,, mans natural udvaiii , 
v\ho laur l,i 11 tin !.■ don't wonder at tin- rlial 

— Giessi'man, tin- accomplished |M>iimnn 1 

—Hon. K. (' Ukmson will next th <■■{,■ 

brate the nxta ntb anmversary ol his busmen 
college at Bai ramento 1 aJ . which [1 one ol 

the foremost .-. .uini'i . - 1 . 1 1 training -, ■hoots ,>n 
the Pacific slope, 

— The "Year Book 1 ' of the Tale Business 
College, New Haven, Conn., is so lirautit ulh 
printed and rich h illustrated, mid ol such ad- 
mirable arrangement, that it is impossible b, 

escape tllr conchr-n m Ibiit the srl I behind H 

is one of the most, prosperous ol its kind. Ft. (* 
l.o\ei nl-,. is the enterprising prrsidi-nl. 

— Yen may learn all about the advantages 

of a course of study at the Allcntown, I'a.. 
Business ( 'olle-e. b\ sriidui ; to Me-- 1- 1 ;l.i, I 
man & Dorncv. the proprietor, lor a copy of 
their Business Educator. 

— O. P. Jutld, President of the < 'linton, 1mm, 
Business College, oll'ris a ui-h Kemiu^lon No. 

inent in „ 

Stivcn time. 

— llnrin 

aim, Mr. 

H. Allien 

penman ; 


, fork 

Press „n, 



nninshii, , 

tlTIlitV « 

lie Inekeil 

. ol heme el, 


— W. Y 

Hover, (J, .1 

gold nieilnl !,,,' hes, ex 

111 , nation nt 

he 1.,'eul 

of the New Jei 
Newark. The silver medal fell to .tolui *B. 
Allen, ol Newark. Principal Miller ami his 

ithi 1 - cipients of valuable pres- 

-Thc sp. '. i ,,l I'a, km.l's 

ing, Januan n bj peoplt who ware curious to 

see what Mr 1 1 . Mrt.mi.n. <■( Halt Lake 

City, and Miffl Blai E. Orr, ol tfev S ork, 
could do with a Remington type-writer, 
They had heard of these well-known experts, 
and were prepared to witness somel Inn- ,, 
niarkable. They were nut disappointed. Miss 

Low.-, uistr actor in thccoinmercial .leparl m 

ol that ll ]-li)ie_; .cliool. 

— An engrossed eoijy of "Home Sweet 

home Of the bride The vniiii 

our best wishes for their prosperity l rl p 

10, .siums u.s ucsi^iier, .\ 11 

irtist. The catalogue i iu I 

,-. [Iilil I , nil - 

b Bouthwestei d 

tng 11, a card ol 

words, ■ Happy 
-live happy and 

Ni.M.-mbi r Js M,,. u:l , in,]. : >; y,., lr , ,,],] 

Efolyoke. (UOl) baugfat for one year in the 
Springfield College. She was married three 
years ago. 

Cani 1 >v Smith Imu. ;i It. i — « cl-h-ii.lan.-e 

: ,l Mi.ii Ihimih" ■ - o|]. ■■■■. \ I. lu-on. Kan. 

_ M, [■; .1 Kn.itl II..- n. I) kn.ov ii penman 

, M .i oommarctaJ teacher, ol Stratford, Ont., 

hit! Mis- Annie lli*o n , if Port Lambton, 
Ontario's, f"iii i- daicjir. r-, were r.-centlv united 

I in JO 

DlTl I I l.< -t IV l-||, - 

|., | M.,r I 111 I BllSin' - 1 ..II. :■-. ;n S(,, .|,\iih 

i ji- Wash i" '■ ■ ol the i; 

th.ii i in ii i i refer] sd to l'riefly '~ - 

-horthand and telegraphy. 

,.,,, hei '- !■' s Oeorgi 

—The Big Rapid*. Mich.. Industrial School 
,. well |. iii.'in /..i l-\ tli-- j»".|.|.-..| that section. 
W. N. Ferris, the principal, u to he congratu- 

-I u Emerson, the veteran penman, late of 

Huiiiugton, Iowa, lias accepted i 

clier of penmanship ' ' ' 
s College, Chicago. 

teacher of penmanship at H. B. Bryant's Busd- 

land. Ohio. He also teaches penmanship and 
. -otninerciiil brnnche> by mail. 

—The twenty-third anniversary of the Tren- 
ton Business College was duly celebrated on 
Tuesday, December 11. Rev. Dr. Lyman 
Abbott', pastor of Plymouth Church, told the 
students ami their friends " How to Succeed." 
Handsomely engraved invitation- wen. i--ued 
by Princij»al Rider. 

Death of Prof. John It ll ■•■ 

Prof. John B. Holmes, proprietor of the Iji 
Porte, Ind., Business College, .lied suddenly 
mi December '-H'<. 

It is with more than usual sorrow that we 
record the passing away of so worthy a man 

liis clinriiiiii"/ home circle. At our parti nn 
was apparently in the best of healtf 
with confident ho]>e of his future p|i 

apparently in Ihe best of health, shaking 
° 'is future plans. 

endowed with a clear. 

Professor Hobues v 

The price of the Am.- i .'iii|--niliuiii i- -". 

of $10, saving the pun-haser >*J..',0, mid giving 
birn great sati-ia.-t i..o -\. i\ time No« «.■ 
"opoee to make B -penal drive, and until 
Compendium- tor 


-If there is any business college |h-i i.-h.-.d 

—A handsome illuminated ( 


> i ' . i : ■. i ■ . 

uenial w.nk 

in A H Barba 

in- executed bj D 

OH 1 mi 0] 1 
P.StUTgl 1 ■■■m-K.i, III 

-C Ii F.- Iu,l 

lettei wereeentl] i 

..1 Tim- .1,,, BITA1 

writing Lobbod, - 

\. n i .. i iin \\k , whom 
prodao Lou the front page 

■1- .. niioil.i i of cards and 
s which proclaim him i-- be 

■'men G [Photo-Engraved] Submitted fm Competition <» 0w Prize Flourishing Class, and One oj the Three Sped is Selected as the Best from the Whole Number Received 

The Other two Cute [A and B] are Likewise Shown Elsewhere in this Issue. You are Tnvited to Send Your Vote an in which of these Specimens shall be iwarded First 
r, , ,. which Second and which Third. For Particulars of Voting, See Preceding Page (Size of Original, 15x30 Inches.) 

i '.. !!>■_, ■ and Mil- 

ls married 

t, .\tellds 

- Miss Lgnei 

iflie.tations to 
-A. E. Pars. 

kiudof work as] 

—Isaac Richardson, a commercial teacher of 
many years' expei ience, ta conducting a short- 
hand school at No. lot] EucUd avenue, Cleve- 

aetive intellect highlv cultured by diligent 
application. He was a graduate of Wil- 
liams College, Massachusetts, and of the 
Albany Law School, adding to bis ac- 
pill nts a thorough mastery of Gra- 
ham shorthand. ills school justly enjoyed 
the reputation of I wing one "I the best 
regulated institutions of its kind. Socially 
he wu. the in. .-I genial and courteous of nien- 
As n husband and father he was kind and af- 
lt ii i..iiiit..-. and at all t ini.-> and to all men he 
was a gentleman, admired, honored, beloved. 
He leaves a wife and six children, to whom we 
extend our most profound sympathy and eon- 

The Two Great Oompendlnnu— Com- 

blnallon Price Beduced lo «!), Sav 
|HJE the PunhaHcr 1*3.50. 

\\i li.v. -aid a nood deal in commendation 
o! (lie N.-w York Speiicei'ian < '. -uipen.Uum, the 



price of $7.50. A pen artist, present or pros- 

— The editors of, the Elevator, publish.-.! at 
Clark's University, .Atlanta, Ha,, discuss ih.- 
problem of race equality in a recent i— ue with 

— Alack 1 The Pin Art Herald has pawed 
over to the gnat penmanship journal uiajont v. 
But w? have the h,l, Bottle, as Its revivified 
essence, with W. D. BhowaJtor presiding al the 
safety valve. The papei Is toteresl md 
worthy to live, it has moved 1 i 

—.sou.-' Business Points with profuse pic 

f.uial embellishments, omirs i « ■ u- ir the 

Louisville, Ka , Bu n OoUega Among 

Other thoughtful articles is .>»e on -hoilhauil 

Helena, Montana. It looks as though there 
were a vigorous school back of it. 

— Among the Lateel arrivale lo Uu c 

mercial journal Line ia the Commercial World, 
Battle Creek, Mich, by J B. King 

Don' fail to >"'• on I 
The JoustSAL readers an to '■■ th* judges 

,.< th, \t , , | 

keep //"'" "/- • "/" '■ ,' ; "- torn* ■ 

othtr limx <>t i» intw nxli if, trim-It ti-,/1 ,-i'iitt 

in later, ll - promised you a Bi tU r pap* ' 
this '/""■ than 'ft. and tht pm 

n indofl 
Rock Itiv 

hills, and 

il Teachers and Penmen. 
. . n. «n wni.i:. 

lomy, light, airy studio, w hose 
ooi Mi /mil east, look oul upon 
i, w itt background of wooded 

i] Mir little Nct -England- 

At it* meeting in Minneapolis in July of 
the current year he presented his methods 
of conducting large classes in penmanship. 

1 1 hi e being i onsidered one of the 

most interesting and profitable of the 
convention. Likewise he is an enthusi- 
astic member of the Western Penman's 
Association, : ml addressed it :it the Cedar 
Rapids meeting last winter upon the sub- 
jecl ol abbreviated capitals. For the year 
just ended he whs a member of the 
Iw'ruihr ( 'onimittce and was prominent 

C. A. Crcmdle. 

like city of Dixon, 111., nestling among 
the trees along its undulating streets, you 
may. six .lays in the week, find (.'. N. 
Crandle, the artist penman, working busily 
as a beaver. The studio is on the second 
floor of the main or college building of 
the Northern Illinois Normal School. The 
professor is so busy because of the special 
pi nmansbip pupile seated at the tables 
about him. or lie may be al work upon a 
piece of engrossing for some -..<-ict\, m 

perhaps on an original sel of capitals for 

some penman's journal, or. again, it may 
be the heading G f some ambitious paper 
just aboul to be born, Two hours of the 
day, however, the professor spends in 
teaching the students of the Normal in 
classes that cumber way up in the hun- 

What does he look like .' Oh, he's a 
pretty fair-looking fellow— a greal deal 

better looking anyhow than sou could 

make j sell believe aiiu examining the 

■■<•'- panying portrait, lb basn'l goi faj 

i'llo Ihcthiitles, Ml I- i;iMiri al>01 C IIM <ll 

size, aas a c fortPble, well fed rotundity 

"i bodj and glow of countenance that 
speak eloquently lor Mrs 1 1 manage 

"" I bis table; has a complex ton tend- 
ing toward the blonde and a pair of frank 
blue eyes thai sparkle and laugb like a 
boj -. until in- settles down to business, 
n ben I oej snap. 
His family consists ol bis wife and little 

Edo May. Mrs, ('ran. lie i* 
liersell no inferior artisl and designer, and 

Brothei C lie is free to attribute b 

ol bis profi ftsi I sua ess to her iii.l and 

inspiration, The little daughter wins 
hearts outside the family, and ii is need- 
less to -av thai she rules hearts within it. 
Bundaj finds all three al church tad Sue 
'las s< tool 111 the Uethodi i 
church ,.f Dixon Mr, and Mi I ■ mdli 
bold a membership in the \i. 

l 11 in i- in the Sundaj 

Pi '■ * ■ ran. lie i- a member Df the 
Association of Am 

i n :i i in, igo ii, 1880 

in the deliberations of the recent session at 

Davenport, Iowa. 

But we like to know what a man has 
been. Well, Crandle is a farm product — 
not a vegetable, 1 assure you, but genuine 
live stock. Early in life he began to play 
the "devil'' in a printer's office of his 
native state. Indiana; came then to be 
foreman in the office; left the work for an 
education, which he obtained at Val- 
paraiso, Ind.; has since taught his beloved 
art in the Valparaiso public schools, in the 
Normal at Bushnell, 111.; in a private 
school of his own at Nashville, Tenn., and 
in the Northern Illinois Normal School, 
at Dixon, III., with which he has been for 
two years connected. As for Professor 
Crandle, the penman, he has hosts of 
friends who will guarantee that " he's all 

Don't fail to send in yowr rote on our 
prize jflouriehed specimens. Send >t, to.-, 
without delay. 

Quick Work Willi Ike Pen. 

EDiTonopTrjE Journal: 
In the last issue of The Journal I 

noticed an article under the heading of 

"Speed in Writing." I never before tried 

how fast I really could write, and for a 

first trial made the following speed: 

No. times writ- 
\v ■:■! ten pur minute 








thought J i 

Mr. Peine makes the figure 1 three hun- 
.bail times. I tried it twice and made it 
809 times, ami with practice could do bet- 
ter, fours respectfully, 

Will Ramsay, Jb. 
On i"i". Ont. 

\\ i ru - ... Exchange S|»« ■ I ' - 

Editor of The Journal: 

For some time I have had a scheme in 
view which I think, if carried out. would 
result in much good and might imbue 
someoi us with more enthusiasm for the 

beautiful art. I refer to the exchanging 

of specimens between different immhei- 
of the profession M\ Mi^-e-r ion \ 

meet the approbation of others, but as for 
myself I stand ready ami willing l" C0I 
respond with any one who will exchange 

with me, 

Yours truly. 

It. E. Mourns* 
AfcPhorson Institute, Republican City, V«&, 
If this suggestion meets with the ap- 
proval of Thb Journal's readers we will 

open a list, publishing fiec the names an. I 
address of those wishing to exchange 



Richmond, Inh , November IT. 1888, 
Prof. D. T. Ami,*, 305 Broadway, N V . : 
Dear Sir — Please accept my thanks for 
the Premium Gun sent to me roi thirti 
subscriptions to The Penman's Art 
Journal, n is an excellent long-range, 

close and hard shooting gun, well made 

and neatly finished, and will give good 

service to any one wishing such a present. 

Very truly, 

\\ ii Shrawder. 
Richmond Business Collegt 

Mr. Shrawder's elegant double- barrel 
breech-loading gun coat him nol a pennj 
He took subscriptions among his pupils 
and when they had reached thirty, claimed 
the premium gun to which he was entitled. 
We offer even better inducements now, 
as you may see by consulting our new 
premium list printed elsewhere in this 

Duping Young Men. 

The Business World, Detroit, in its last 
issue has the following: 

We clip the following paragraph from 
Marcus H. Fox's excellent article in Tub 

and in a short time turn them out with the 
written certificate of the principal, pro- 
nouncing the plow-boj that was a "Pro- 
fess i Penmanship." 

I'ln -■ boy - -I young men, go forth into 

the country district* and villages, like 

young turkej gobblers I aal are assuming 

ileii tiisi strut, and sutler the people to 
think that " The Professor would conde- 
scend to enlighten them in the mysteries 
nel beauties oi the Divine Art," which 
consists, in his case, in making large, 
sprawling capitals with an effort at display, 
with a maze ol lines and curves coiled and 

matted in Crazing awkwardness, and small 
I In page with tower- 



from the country 

that have a little start in penmanship Hint 
if i.<i am aj from a good handwriting, 

puffed up With the thought that tlie\ are 
professors, with no slight emphasis n n the 

■ Professors," that are making such fools 

Of themselves, are really dupes of the men 
Who pi me. • them " Professor* " for the 

sake oi getting their money. 

The vming men from the country, if 
rightlj educated, encouraged and directed 

by honest, capable teachers, make the 
mo.t -in e, ■--ful business and professional 

men of our land; but if bamboozled by 
designing knaves, so that their efforts are 
misdirected, ami they conceive a wrong 
estimate of their importance and ability in 
the start, they are lost to usefulness, and 
are lam.auabie failures. 

why not gel a $5 Compendium Freef 

The following from a letter from J. E, 
Garner, Harrisburg, Pa., relates the ex- 
perience Of hundreds; "1 am perfectly 
delighted with ' Ames' Compendium, 9 
which I received as a premium, some time 
last spring. To say that it is a most com- 
plete work of its kind is giving the work 
ver t \ i>n mil; praise. We would not know 
how to gel along without it now that we 
enjoy the luxury of having it within our 
reach. I hope to be able to send some 
new subscribers "to The Journal before 

Photo-Engraved ftvrn ftn i 

Pehmah's Art Journal, of September, 
on "The Professor: " 

•* Nowaday- ambitious young penmen 

need not despair, for h\ taking 8 *i\ 

weeks' course of instruction in some wall- 
advertised ■ pen art ' establishment he can 

be dubbed * Professor.' Is this not progress 
iii penmanship? Think of it— a professor 

Therein a school down in Ohio where 
they take boys hi Bfl from the plow 

the end ol thi present year, as moat of 
those who -eeured it through mj recom- 
mend 'i ion .is w eii pleased si ith ii." Mr. 

Garner got his Compendium free b\ send 
jug a club of 12 subscribers tu Tin; .lot.'R- 
s \i I'll, iiumbcr has since been reduced, 
so that now a club of ten subscribers at $1 
eacb entitle* the sender to u copy of the 

i ompendium free. Eacli subscriber also 
gets a premium, 

E ■■. irp lookout for our pt to apa < 

,„. n» in '/', February Joi as ll 

VICT Joikwi; 



ii Mi tin- Department ( 

lilrened to B, F. K 

i ,,i students in Sole Qiilveraity a- 1385. 
1 1,, annua] catalogue of Barron) University 

shuiv- iso;< students, igafnsl 1612 fast year, 

5 the students (if Prinwton College I 

fluid's (raining should bc-fn n hi \e.n- tn-inre i 
lu the London Rchoo] of cookery < 

.•,,!_ I. ..ll, ■ t ...|. ., I,,]] , 

lr. in Ii .-iitil ( mi Minn respectively. 

\ .iMicition of .<1,()ijo,(ii.)0 for the educa- 

I Hi'' rol'-n-d race in the .South has iv- 

cently been made by Daniel Hand, of Gun- 

two colored students from 

Krown. of Maryland who intend t 
sacred ministry, 

\' cording to receni Indicia] decisic 

TUo schoiiMnnisr wIimIc l- ''cni-ralh rich 
-^—.—Toledo '"-- 
ichiiip a 
s and let h: 

Teacher— " WiHie, what is the capital of 
Canada ;" 

Willie— "The money taken there by United 
States financiers and l.oodlerV— Life. 

Cambridge, England, has established a col- 
lege ,if carpentry l"V women. Any woman of 
ordinary intelligence can team how to split 

""Ii 1 in tli,- ie,i,lni" class 1 stand near the 
stove; in the -jM-lliii- rlas> I stand n IL the cracl; 
just m front ol the big desks, and in the Yith- 
we just sit 

2 class I don't stand e 

i the recitation bench, 

■' bnd-'-r, has Johnny come home from 

Preceptress (at Vassal)—" Well. Miss Daisy, 

1 in waiting for v<mr recitation." 

Mi-. Daisy's bosom friend—" Please, ma'am 
■she's pot her cbeum- -inn eaii-lit, and can't 
open her mouth."— /'io/, 

Philip, seven years old, is proud of his stand- 
ing at school. 

" Well." said his iinclf, who had heard the 
'""■ -l"''l- rnlh.-r dili;'.l,ledlv ,il„,iit his m'IiooJ 


i called honorable who i 

Ware bad one thing in his favor. Eve 

■ ,|lhl " ' '"l* linn "helhei be bad loved any 
nther woman before he met her. 

The bustle is not. ivhollv discarded, but it has 
■ ' i tamly gone to the rear. 

are you gping bo gol for me, Tootsj ! ' Pi s 

'"'•■n thinking, .lane, and I have about con- 

, !:'.;\*: 1 : u *;;!j ,,,u :i ,, - w sUavin * b ™*-" 

A nice zoologies] distinction.— " Tou have 

";' ' ' " I i » asked the Judge. 

"Jes,"re,, t|„. Muj,.r *• 

I'.™,,'.!-' '""'"'' " '" '" " " ii "'" 1 ' i "'»" 1 ■ 

" 1 -•» Hi" shallowest crave ui the world on 

"Mi -ll. I , .,,.,,, 
, , ' lllltV -' ll Ml,, I ' 

> •■-: I tint H.nn,,, 11,,.,,. „„,i accused [J,,, 
buned in thought,' <-~Tid-Bils. 

',&$< M '- B , nth] is a max sitting on .. 

i. -,'",, " 1 " l, l", » ho Im. gone lo H,, ,,,.„..' 

l.uu man- ■ H,. , i,,.,,,., cl| , ■ 

'i "'-1 sells s lot coal mi 

•ivMiHi,,, i,,|l,„ v „„ dok ,, I,,,,;, 

•' -Ii'. I M ,a,.«t,.„i. 

!!'"', ''" ''I'M".-. Imi'i tin. 

;, ,^"'">" •' i ■■ I,, , i.„, ,,, 

>l> "'ll I 

■> - I" 

^■".'"Iv'oai, [to l„„i foncier)-Can this parrot 

ol Fiin,.„.r_Y,... sir 


Qentleman-ni take aim 


Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy by H. II. Kibbe, and Presented it 
of His Lesson on Page 9. 

" Exact Phonography. 

The following, printed from an electrotype of part of pages 33 
Cxaet Phonography." is insertetl t<> illustrate his use of the ■*>■,; ' 
t and vowel strokes — those abov 
n parallel columns illus 
^luciung auu audmg S-circles) of t' ' 

lealUlfs ill' the s\stem being ei nil) iletel V disi'r 

" I-, 1 I hen Mlbji'i'1 illg llietil l<> like nl 

of them when they arc used ,»•■<! inilij is by a different de 
them. The claim of the author is that this application, 
' signs gives great e 

principles as applied 

and !.H-.p» are attaehed. ami halt'- lengthening ami il'mMe-leii-H 
"- " strokes. 

■e may illustrate his mode of nu-dmtt\j distinguishing the 

well as the 

At another 

Mr. Bishop's book is copyrighted, and these extracts 

i ai 


. Bishop's 
i-l. those 



igllls - 


to the 

is, circles 

inserted with his permission. 

(e) Combined Initial and Final Use. 
v s P ts > s«s, sets. 

V ' sbts ' ...... s5ds(ls), his aids. 

6 sits, .i sats, 

^s<Ws(ts), ..£ S 5ds(ts). 

sfts(ds), sites, sights, sides. 


s«ts(ds), suds. 

sfds(ts), seeds. 
. sawts, sought his{us). 

'-" . 


of sjds(ts), 


...%J. snts, 
<ls> snds, 

d (h.u.)si^wds(ts) 
°5 smbds(ts), 
° smpts(ds), 
t> sfts, 
^> svds(ts), 

. 6 sthts, 

G sdthts, 

3 ssts, 

3 szds(ts), 

£ szy^ds(ts), 
0~o smts, 
*~e smds, 
<J (l.u.)syts, 
% srts(ds), 
«* (h.u.)sjds(ts), 
.. ^ srts, 




So*ts, sots, sods. 

sewds(ts), suits. 

stJts, sots, sods. 

sewts, suits, sued us{his). 





sMs(ts), sides, sites, sights. 

s?ts(ds), sights, si/c\r, sides. 

srfwts(ds), sought us{his). 

sfts, sits. 

','■'.'.,■.'■ "n'li.i 


obejuje ol Location, at promotion Co 

"|"> Balds ". ui i ii .i ,. ,,.,"i. 

addrees the 

H I ii. i. .i.l, Mnnaner. Dos Uotnes, Iowa' 

ol mil. i ii. seoute 

.1 -hi l-llv 

ill, bast i... -in..,,- for th« i 


if the 

HI. I IS. 

a ;: 

lit Ol. |-IMI\>S||IF in 

c -ell.,.,!-. I .Ion.. \\'li 

ei eio-'iige nl (Mlli i, linsiness 

;il-i- leneh I 'iiiillllel mil I il ii ll \iv-~. 

ndations furnished. Address 

"It H." 1-1 

i itimid's Jim i -nut, '.U*. HM way, N.V, 

Teacher Wanted. 

I'm ii h'lulmu liii-iiii-.. i i, l|. ■■! . i tie ■ .11111 

applicant must be un expert penman, a good 
inatlieniiilieiiiii ami a l'cii! l.nicn of correct 
h ui ii i., tVddress, tnolosins photograph and 

i-l Bcix +t>J, Saoramento, CaJ, 

TyAXTISD.-ny a g-o..,l ivin, ,.,,,. v. h,, ,:,n 
assist in BustQesa ' 'ollege work, a position 
in a Business or Literary College. Uneaccep. 
Ii lil' n Ii cciiees un en Addn -. 

\V' vn " 

A TEACHER from Eastern Ontario, Caroa- 
-tA da, Irishes to secure a situation as Teacher 
of Penmanship in a Commercial i ollege, Has 

hail several years' experience in teaching in all 

the departments of a Business College. Address 

"F.." 1-| 

office of Tli. Pi ,»,.,<„•* Jmn-o-tl, :Sr, U'dway. N. Y. 




can Buy One-Hundred Sets of Blanks 

for Banking at one fourth their 

cost by addressing 

608 Washington St., Boston, Mass. 

-A. Good Chance. 

For Sale, a live Collejte— BUSINESS, siniKI'. 

N.Wh andNOfl U w. p ( ,,,, ,,, ■ 

•ity- N Il.'l e..N.-.-v I,, i i 

lllle-. SiiO-lil,'. 


I h ei| I, I Mill 

UJlSOO. «„/,■„:... \, l ',:,v; , :', l „.:;;;„ 1 ::,: 

"ovtil> M i-ihl rt -ll, l.o-:,,, 

>nlnr> In. in si'.'im t>> slJii I', -hi. hi in line ol 
l:if-'.' Ilii-in. ■ i , ,!;,■_■,■ \i|,|,, 

"i"-."-' i 3 \ &] "l.a,i: & in., 

V_-^ bryantV!-^stratton 

l-JOIl mi. I I 

\C.M„ ,,' Ml 11, 

HI »1M>» 

the penman's v T -Tf ,-■ Akt journal 


ndSea,hy J. 0. Brnniinii ; M.-lirn si... . i 

-fr tin- Im -i »-flr,Tf: s.-n ;m.l S],., r ... I.> M. . «,.r M-H..I ■ 

■■■- B r Ten | Danli 1 w, i 
b) Buunon Di I !<<•»„<•. by Edw. a. 

, In K(» - Sj.rif.'iint .in<l llnm, .■ « . r- ■ It v : \u.1ivw .lin'k-n.ii 

. M , t i"",' ,ri ■ , , , "" v XIIT , '"'■', Hl " * lv ">•'• ly Henry 

l.nrv M.Th.ri K.Mj.r. .. 1. .-pin.,. I.i i ,vll H fh.rtley ; 



For more elaborate descriptions and richly illustrated list send ten 
sent* for 'I'm Journal for December 1888. The following list contains 
nany of our best premiums, but it is not complete. 


For $1.00 we will send Thb Journal one year with choice of the following ele- 

ganl p in.- frt* . 

Lord's Prayer Size, 19 x M. Grant Memorial . . Size, 32x38. 

Flourished" Eagle " 24 \ 33. Garfield Memorial. . . " 19x24. 

Flourished Sta_- " 34x32. Family Record " 18x22. 

i \ ill. n'l I'icurcof Progress. 24 \ 28. Marriage Certificate.. " 18 x 22. 

Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (our newest Penmanship Premium), " 24x30. 

I Ik . premiums are without except ion careful reproductions of some of the most 
elegant <\u ■ inxiis of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 

m place of any of the above, s rabscriher remitting $1.00 for The Journal may rc- 
ceive as premium a package of Ama 1 Copy slip.*, or a copy of Aim-,*' On hit u> Prm-ti- 
caland :.' ■■'<<■ Penmanship, bound in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.25. 
Both it,. <■ ■ . ind Copy Slips have reached a tremendous sale and are taught from 
in some ol bin l< "ii tg business colleges and classical schools of this Country and 

r, |q Tin j contain everything necessary to make a good, practical business pen- 
man of a person oi average intelligence. For $2 we will send The Journal one year, 
the Ghtidi in cloth and a copy of the Standard PraeUeal PenmomeMp. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subscriptions for Tin. 
Joi bnal, we offers number of valuable special or extra premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement each subscriber will also be entitled 
to choice of the regular premiums enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of the club. Where premiums are sent by express the receiving party will 

have to pa] the express charges, 

For |S we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Aim? Quid* w 

For flO, ten subscriptions and a copy of Ann* ('<>ntp< ml turn <;F I'r.irtmil and <lr- 
mnmutxl /'. tttixttmhip. The price of this superb work, recognized as the standard, is 
$5. We have heretofore sent it with a club of hr.l,-,. 

For |3, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Ames 3 Best Pern. 

Km f<2, two subscriptions and a book of Riritat'mnx and limdinffS, Comprising 

, luimlrril standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 

.fcc. 'The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 

volume of the bind likely to give as much satisfaction. 

For$2. two subscriptions and the following standard work ■ Wxtonj <>f th. l',,d,d 

sv.-/. ■.. in CbroiioloLrical Order, from the Discovery of America in 14u2 to the year 
IKHS, including notices of Manufactures as they were introduced ; of other Industries ; 
.if Railroads, t 'anals. Telegraphs and other Improvements; of Inventions, Important 

Events &c, Bj EMORY |; CHUiDS, Printed from large type on tine paper, hand- 
Munrh bound in cloth with ink and gold side stamp. Regular price, $1.00. 

i ■ -i, i\ subscriptions und the following photographic outfit by express: 

The Wonder Camera; a child ten years old cam make a picture. It consists 
of a beautiful little camera covered in imitation morocco, and will make a photo- 
-i;i|,li : j \ I I in- In - in si/c. and is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Lens. It also 
include- -ix |.i-hiniiiLj I >i \ Plates, two .lapanued Iron Trays, two Bottles of Developer, 

■ nackagi Hyposulphiti Soda, one Printing Frame, BIZ sheets each Silvered and 

Blue Print P i ' • Bottle of Gold or Toning Solution, twelve Card Mounts, one 
Plate J .i 1 1 • > i Bheel Ruby Paper and full directions for making Ruby Lamp. 

/ '. , .di that is needed '■■ mafa and compUU a photograph. 

I r $9, nine! ibscriptions and the " Vhiqui " TeUgraph Outfit h> express. This 

- 1 m ( 1 1 < i'ih" .! . i.iliinalion set is made for our use h\ the New Haven <'lock Co.. of New 
V'ii Ii i- in tli i heap and practical and thoroughly well made Though designed 
for use of learners, it is no toy, but may be used on private lines from a few feet to 
several miles in length. Two outfits of course are needed if two persons wish to both 

end and receive messages. The two cells will operate a line not exceeding 100 feet 

in length; an evtra cell should be added for every 1200 feet. Extra cells cost 75 cents 
each, . 1 1 i < I . \lrri -pools of wire of 100 feet length 75 cents each. Full instructions, al- 
phabet, &C accompany each outfit. We will furnish extra suppdes cither for cash or 

For * in. len s U L iptions ami a Crl-hnittd Fl-hrrt Hid-, /{. ■ mtuaUm i/ctton t oiled 
-i.iek. . . . hardened, pistol "rip, checkered and 22 caliber. Sent by express. These 
rifles :,,,■ unsurpassed in the ipiulity of material and workmanship. 

For *2.'i, twenty -live subscriptions and an elegant Bnrrh- Loading Double- 
Barrel Shot <■'»» with loading set complete. This is a rare bargain, the gun selling 
readily at S2li This is the cheapest r<l'iahh breech-loading fowling piece of which 

we have nnj knowledge, and will do all the work of a much more expensive gun. 
Seni in as pn i 

For #30, thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Extra-Heavy Rolled Gold Plati 
Watch, worth $25 Bleganl Bunting Case Plain or Engine-Turned Rack and Front, 

with or will t motioirraiti. A lime-piece of the first excellence, with Sweep-Second 

Movement and Stop Attachment. Securely packed in a wooden box and sent by express. 

t --. : "■ 1 For*"-', two subscriptions mid i ' mice of tin- following -tan- 1 

-^Tr, aid works : Tile celebrated Altu Edition of popular twelve 
L .3 inos , comprising over one hundred volumes of the most pop- 
si [i0I0i'>B3*i-'- 1 i w mil li.-si selling books. Knch book is bound in the 

________ :,,.,.;-■ im -I m. inner, with a bautilul black and gold side 

" ■■ stamp, ornaiiienlal side and silk rdiliim marker. The list 

ilk ^i 1 '"'::::: ,„».. __*__*_ 

■■ ■■- l- ' '■ -■ o:..|, i |,l. ;. .. . II,.mI,I,„ ..i \\ .,,- ,y. 

ii* >i'."'„. i".'i!"< Vr\'.',i','i l . r '"-„ , .i^.''i'r., V .'\ h .r". I W.'"'. n.'V.i" hv%?v?r <&l_untth'; 

\ ..■■,,:.. •.-. Brrnon :. -r u.n. Kunt.iti - 1'ik-rlin- l'n._r. -- n 

__9__X__|1 J»1'i- 1 >■'" '•■ilUier- TTiim-H, Ii> J..iiii11i»ll Sivifr ■ hi I.e. Hi-t.-n "f r»v- 

■1 ^ r y-J 1_i..i I., i i,..-l. i I . -i I ■ ..-■■! 1' ;.. II l.i lul 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Charles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwise 
than as a premium. 

BalT* A present subscriber sending subscriptions to secure any of tr 
special premiums may include his own renewal among the number. In that 
case his time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to bis credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
js that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify us at the 
time of sending the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting len subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following- Premiums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following is a special premium offered to any present mbsoriber who 
will send us one new subscription (with regular premium) and $1 to pay for 
must not be his own renewal nor that of any 

Four Books in One f No Household is Complete Without It f 


The following is offered as a special premium to miv present StlbsorSfOr who will send 
us two new subscriptions (each with regular premium) and %'i to pay for same. The new 
SUbl riptions must not include his own renewal nor thai of anv other present subscriber 






Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois Normal Boliool 


j. B. Dill., Principal, 


M. Cn.ndle, Penn 

Sternum P"ni"ir,> Art Johi 

Le550nj and IV^ail ^pecialtiej, 

hanky's gems op flourishing, 

She 2anerian College op e?em Prii 

<s. e. haner, (90lumbus, o. 


K) tents. 


10 Cents. 


IO Cents. 


IO tents. 

515 East Stale Street, Trenton, N.J. 



l,.\ us rifici-fi-tii 
/■;.i 1- rt Stenograph. 


N. Y. Stock Exchange, N 




1- m.iik'i l> 

1 ii, Account 

ich universal s 

" i.'V.ln' 





'"These Schools are all connected, and w 
iiraong the best of their kind in America. 

Qood board in privite families at $2.l» pe 
n , 11 •;, 1 Irculars f ree. Address 
1l'-1l' Mi KEE ft HENDEBSON, Oberltn, 0. 



and penmanship exports iiso no other after they ha 1 


Because tnelvtnc: our order to the leading Enpli>h pen -makers, we didn't ask for the cheapest art) 
In, 1 fur the l»*«t. " I "settle 1»M material ohtainaM'" ""r in-t rue' ions re. id, "put yonr no- . -^ 
wurkmea 011 our orders, hunJ-yinid, hand pi..k and polish our plus, so I hat you can warrant every pi 

* Th it is precisely what has been done. Is it any wonder that the output 1* the very best steel pen 

can belu.d to-day forany prieef 

From a barrel full oi tcsii animals we int.. to I he following: 
The No Plus Ultra of Pens. 

So writes J. P. Medsger, professional 
penman, Jacobs (.'reek, Pa.: 

" Ames' Best Pens received. I do not 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
posseting a quick action." 





and I w ill send yu ' 

I Mi iiistrueti"us : ..r send 1 

ssnttiic It, 

ill, price li-t descriptive of 

I will send you addressed in my own 
'7 Mall, Ex- 

, Capitals, 

tended Movements, Tracing 

Cards, Flourishing, 1 


P. 8.— No postal cards need a|'i>ly. 

. E I'aRsuN'S. Wilton Junction. I"B.i 



Thi l.'aduu.' .'<l I nf |.on art m the South. 

lif-luns and drawing ..f all kln-t-. made for en- 
graving. Correspondence solicited with parties 
■ifMrlnif Brst-cla-s work at reasonable prices 

■ 1 i-ln'iilurf and sjiccltnctis of pen- work, address 


-For cards, &o. OironlarT 
Vsiie $8. Press for small J 
Vnewapaper £44. Send 2" 


\ei < a-t'. imtl Ka.rni, w.-t. 
t.i- to all Chicago. Try tto 



Ames' Best Pen— I like it and use it. 

Warren H, Lamson. 

From the Joint Author of a "Sertoli of 
Lessons lo Plain "Writing." 

" I have given Ames' Best Pen a 
thorough trial ami bike pleasure in recom- 

in, inliu" it as first elas-t in every respect." 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. 1 have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and till expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

Meets His 1'iiqtiulitietl Approval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets with my hearty 
ami unqualified approval Iu fact I am de- 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1. for which 
please send me a one gross box. 

,1 ami s W. ITaiikins. 
Teacher of \YfiHu<i in the Curtiss 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn 

Distances all Competitors. 

"Ames' Best Pens beats all I have cv 

had before." P B. S. Pictkuk. 

J'rofi ■:xtu>r of Penmanship, St. Jom-p/i, Mo. 

"I am doubtful whether a pen can be 
made for tine, artistic writing superior lo 
Ames' Best Pen. If you had named it 
"The Best" no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixler, 

American Pen Art Bail, Www, Ohfo. 

\ 10,11 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior iu every 
particular, and hereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and lusting pen." 
E. L. Burnett, 
Bryant & SlralUm Business College, Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

Beats the World on any Kind of Work. 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualifies for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Penman anil Artist, y<ixhrille, Tenn. 

' ' I have given A mes' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. They are 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 
A, E. Dewhurst. 

On the Top of the Heap. 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest up 
pro vol." 

So Say We All. 
I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 
C, S. Chapman. 
wa Business College, Des Moines, la, 
35 cents a Quarter gross box. $1.00 a gross box. 



in 10 lessons, so smci r. Unit a child can lentil It. 

It„- -,...-1 11. .11.11 and n, ■- -.■■■mm.,-.,. 

no n.MTtos, vowels connective. 

Elete, or Part I, SO cents ; Part H, 81,76. Lesions 
y mall; trial lesson and circular free. In- 

3-12 Detroit, Mien. 

COLLEGE, IVo-wai'lc, N. J- 

Branch College, 264 and 266 West 

no.l Vomit: I 
11,— lair. Tl 
in the eoun 



GIDEON BIXLER. Pnblisher. Woosltr, Ohio. 

SHORTHAND <h?'f"8 h '>' 
„;, „^ K ' ' 

CYCLOSTYLES, ■>«,;,.£' 
AL1GRAPHS. JfXi^l * 
Send for circ's. W. G. CHAFFEE, Osw. 


Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The bef 
men of writing. 

pamphlet and 1 

Standard Typewriter. 

SI. 50. 

ink-land, etc., etc .Will he cell!, postpaid, or ex- 
nre--aL-e preoiil.l. to any part of the United SUtes 
on receipt of •l.OO. Addreae, 

8. 8. PACKARD. 


327 Broadway New York. 


834 Chestnut St. 

201 Washington St. 


Le Droit Building. 


9 N. Charles St. 


1 2 Third St. 


1 96 La Salle St. 

St. Louis. 

308 N. Sixth St. 

St. Paul, 

1 1 6 E. Third St. 


8-1- E. Market St. 

Kansas City 

322 West 9th St. 

London. 1 OO 

Gracechurch St . cor. 

Leadenhall. „l'- 



pi eia|,ln taiivlit lia- u t; 



H. Y. City. 

La Salle St. 


TFACHKKS lparnetl shorthand vaeu- 
dons, , •■■■ I positions ttl .1 Is 

,,- ,„ „| ,., ,„..*,,-, .'. S'l- I k. »1. 

ElJnM.dl.VM"",''.. "~ " L 1-,-TT-BBOWHI, 

kuth'.r .....1 lM„,u,,.,. ■::•< «'e-t 141hS...Ho« 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, A., in 1, ■ .-ml Htanip for a 

SS-patre Circular. Maeldne- rented on trial. 
1. S. sTLMHiKAl'll CO., 

St. : 

. *■.'.-., 






Give me a trial order, readers, and 
I will do my besl to please you, 

Send 1.'. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the f<>. lowing: 

1 ;■!■ >i ranged for home or 
office practice, tv ah Cram mj pen :'■■ 
I ■ ompli te i Compendium o\ \\ ritten 

Copies and Exercises lor g/tiiini.j per 

ted conl rol "i i he dquscuIb ■ ■■ I 00 

i id i 'apitols 20 

V.'n i, itg i '.ipitals 20 

Large Bheel Oiled « ith ra ts rignatun - 

Including youi own 36 

IB Plain White Cards, trithyoui came 80 

16 POU) pi) \\ •-•JiJiti- Hi-i.-t..l »ith nuun :.'. 

15 Gill Edge, «iti, name. 25 

15 Plain Bevel, with name SO 

i S ' told Bevel n ith name 30 

I 'i ' ; Hi Eil :•: \ - t'-.l ( "(inn-i s, u iih ilium ■;:. 

i artfully 




Any of tlio following artlcl.s will 
, ,f or ice. he promptly forwarded by a 

BOX 63, "STATION W.," 


Published monthly by I). McLachloi 
Principal and Penman of the Canada 

Business Colk-^i', of Chatham, Ont., is a 
liw 'M hi <'f lN'iMii:inslii|i anil Prac- 
tical Edncatlon. 

I course of lessons by Mr. McLaehUu) 

is now in juuurrss, w In. ii will he cinitin- 

■"'"'■ T" Ir:i.ll,.|s. oillv S5C. Wlli.ll 

leas ilian the coal <>f publication. 
Bend 5c. for sample cosy. 





Is now one of the departments of u>s Angeles 
Business College and English Training Sohool. 

M) school [ij ii.n i.. imw a pronounced success. 

Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for circulars. 
Those Willing a thorough drill under our personal 
Instruction will Slid no better place tliim the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best worlf 30 
eta. D. B.WILLIAMS. Princpal, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By meant Of direct Person;.] I'oric-puhilctice 

The Fint School of '.ts kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Dl stan lo 





■ remitted merchandize 

Penmanship. . J5 

Ames' Hi ink of Alphabets. 

Aim?--' Uuhle 1m Practical anil Artistic IVn 

manshlp, in niju-T r-oc., In cloth 

\inr ,' Cr.|.> .■siij.- im x-ii i.p-arneis 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spcti- 

cei Brothers 

New Spenccrian Compendium, complete iu s 

Kibbe's Alphabets, five slips, 25o.; complete 

" set of 17 slips 

Little's Illustrative) I la ml lunik on Drawing.. 

family Record 16x22 

Marriage Certificate 18x33 

("iiirtield Memorial !.. 10x24 

Bounding Stag 24x33 " 

Centennial 1'ietuio of Progress .2"Jx25 

" " " ...98x40 " 

Eulogy of Lincoln and Grant, 'ZOOS " 

il Flourish- i! ('ants. l'Jd^sig 

1000 " $4.50: by express 4 { 

brUtoi Hoard, 3-shcet thick. Kx2S, per sheet. ! 

23x28 per sheet, bv express. !■ 

French B B., 24x34, " " ... ' t 

" " 26x40. " " ... IS 

I ■ ! 1 ■ K '■,,,1. ■.'-.■■-;■.'-:. ,-,,,- while ,,,1, r 

WtnsorA Newton's Sup'rSnp.lndla Ink S 
Prepared India Ink. per bottle, by expre; 

' Penmen's Favorite No 

Gtllott's303 Steel Pens, ] 

gross l 00 

Spe nce.-rian Arlistic \,. 11, per gross 100 

Engrossing Pons for lettering, por doz 85 

''row-.piill Pen, Very line, l„i iliawing, doz.. 75 

T Broad— set of five 

■•■■■in.; vlo'ii Pen, f..r text lettering- Double 

"Hi, i ii,. IV ii holder, each 10c , per dozen 

' I.'oiiHe " )Yii||,,|,],t uii,,y be u-i-d either 

Obllrme Metal Tips (adjustable to any holderi! 

each 5c.; per dozen ... j 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged.. : 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

■ 1 1 mi nishiug drawings l •. Hinder, a simple device, for holding 
papers. D j 

Common Sen so Hinder, a line, stiff, cloth 

hinder, ,/ih'UNal si/o, very durable. 1 f 

Roll lilac Ii boa rds, hy express. 
No. 1, Blze 2 x3 feet ] ', 

i yard wide, any length, per 

Winl. si„l,...l liotli Hides 

46 Inches wide, pe 

1 iiinl'i Slating, the 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 


on good bank note paper Is kept In stnok, and 

orders will be lilled by return ,,[ mall or express 
" " " -1* ii- -niinit i,,Mh :ii .■ : fs, Vs. pi's 'j.Vs 

ill the ileiiuiiiitiatlons . 

inns, r/Hi's and I. Duo's, which are printed on sheets 
■■I Ii n Mllscaeli. They arc prnporf hmeil s,, a- 
nmkey in'. -■.■,.': I :,:,.., :_■ fi ,-,.■., » c „.-■, and one each of 
tbc-M, 50, 10(1, 50(1 and 1,000 dollar notes. 

The ptoporinui In which the different denomin:i- 
ti'MiS are printed is that which p .si., iinuv |,,,s 
demonstrated to Pest inC'l the demands and c,,u- 
\enii-nceln business practice. We cannot furnish 
the .Scrip.t in othe, |,i,.p,,|ti,,hs than those named 
except uponspcciul order and at additional est 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes $ ,5 


i. or $3.00 per dozen. Order 
il designs promptly filled. W« 
stock diplomas for business colleges an. 

For the j, reparation of all manner,.," Jlsplay cuts 
in facllitius an- unequalled. Semi f,.r estimates 
* have I he In -l facilities (or making photo- 

engraved o 

n pen aud Ink copy. 


Of most of the thousands of cuts that havn ap- 
peared in The Jocrnal and our publication*, 

duplicates will bo furnished for low prices. 

We will supply, at publishers' rates, any standard 
work on penmanship in print; also any bookkeep- 
ing, commercial arithmetic or other e" 

with order. In all c 
. . _s met no goods w... .... 

, ..'•-, nor by express, C. O D utile-- 
sutticicnt advance is n ' 

OiilL-elll loss. Ilolft 

.'. I il III-.' II." Li ' -sl-lhl 

price) and you w ill t 
but reliable goods, and all who favor 

this requirement I- met no goods will he i 
mail, in any case, nor by express, C. O. D 

suliicient advance is mudo to protect 

il in gent loss. Iloift waste your time 

bv writing ii- I" ' send si i and s,. lv .ni have i . .«-_-. ■ t 
"je)and you will remit." or *- - 

of prompt and efficient servie 
Address. D. T. AMES, 

SOft Broadway, New Yorl 





No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 






Special penmanship department, thorough, 

, ',"' n :''' ~ t".ie),crs,g i everything Circulars 


Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Stroke. Sample set of three size* by mall SI. OO. 
Circular and sample writing, FREE. 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 



'"'I' m 'i ' • I"'. ,,, ,. . . 1 1. ■, r . , 


'0F&-TH JfLUfTRATEl) f^Jfil&VEJ 


5e,J GrtW^"" K%S%^, d , w -. 

Bryant & Stratton 

Adapted for use with or without Text-Book, 

and the only set 

to accompany 

Counting-House Bookkeeping." 

Shall Ssr. Labqb Book. 


li.wiiiMi sk.t. Hi.'mmm Forms. 
Dai Qoona Si c, Ph i Book. 

l.'avoiablc ui-niiige-uieuts made with IhismcSs 
r.ill.-K.'i and l'llblic anil I'runle ^cln.olv loi 

intiodoctioii and us.- I'cs. iiolivo List now 
read] f .'t respondenoe Invited. 

The test Pfn in the U.S., and best penman use them, 



in 119 & 121 William Street, N. Y. 

$2.00 for $1. 00. 

I he L. -t -led p,n ,.t Kriirlisb maui.lii, lure is 
worth 11.00 pel BTOfiS. 

The Peirce Philosophical Treattao of Pe un- 
ship, which contains 71)0 enicstions ami Tikiuii- 
swers, besides other valuable matter, retails for 

Si .OIL ami thoiisunds of Voluiiics have b. , n •-nhl 

To give this book a wider ctroulaf the fol- 

I,," ni'j ..ii ii i-- extended to a generous public 

For $1.00 I will send a gross of 60J aillott'a 
Tons and ni> Treat (h to anj addreaa in Canada 
or the Dnltad states. 


, low I 


io Penmanship. 

■ world. An Bd. 
). Send rordr- 

MMisiiN 1 , ... 

mm*? COUPON OFFERS ; :; , : 1000 






; jiostpaid. 


A thoii-and \,-ai-s a.s ii day. No nrithraetia 
teaches it, A short, si tuple, practical mot hi id bv 
I'M' ATKINSON, Principal oi Sacn into Dual- 



IoL'lle ol Set I |:,„,|.,. fi 

- the ■ in 1 1 i;mm:.\i; 


Gem^ of ploUri^rjtn^ 

Mailed Io all parts of the World lor SEVENTY-FIVE 
CENTS. Circulars Free. 

©. p. Zaner, ©olumfeu 5 . O. 


■: ,/, ; , 

The Statulard Practical Penmanship a portfolio 

enihracinga eoniplet. 

Including tho new Ma>?t, A! 

of praotJoa] writing 

being written h 1 

ng written by any one let'ibly live times. .,„ , : „, 
onllii.iiv writlnu. Is inaile.i tor Bl OO, |r,, m the 
w York office only. Address 


i Scrap lt...»I< S|,fcliii^n of Flourl-h- 

ItiKtiml WritiiiK .([() 

A (n.iilni vii... i.i ( ,,|,jcs in Accurate 

" writing Is p,-ifectlv beautiful. For ac 
onraoy I doubt if It can be excelled."- IT ft 

W. G. CHRISTIE, I'oni.i:..!, 

-18 Fouglikeepsle, N. Y. 

|-vO YOU regularly READ a business paper? If not, why not? Are 
'-' you in business ? Do you expect to be ? Are you ambitious of ad- 
vancement "' Wnvi ire V..r Doing to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 
industrious, painstaking and observing. These are excellent qualities, but 
without the more extended knowledge that comes from reading, progress must 
irily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
the history of his time — the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
found recorded in "The Office," which is emphatically the business man's 
journal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
trates improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopaedia. 

We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to see "The 
( IffiCE," and will send a specimen copy to all who will write for it. 

Monthly, $1.00 a Year. 

P. O. Box 1663. 37 College Place, New York. 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 




A new Manual of Character Rending 
1 bjok, and see if they are inclined t« 

happy and trustwi.irlliv people, sin/h 
A knowledge of Human Nature v 

Hie pf<.].]r l! w.ll show 
[rood, upright, Imnesr, 1 
on would like to know, ; 
d save many disappoint 

J how to reiul pt-.o!.' as you w..uhl 
. kind, charitable, loving, joyous, 
be iniiiiiaii'ly associated with 

This Is the most comprehensive and popular work ever publislied for the price, 25,000 copies hav- 
ing been sold the first year. Contains 200 large octavo po&es and 250 portraits. Send for it and study 
people you see, and also your own character. If you are not satisfied with the hook, you may return 
t, in good condition, nnd we will return the money. 

We will send it carefully by mail, post-paid, ou receipt of price, only 40 cenl>* in paper, or 


FOWLER a WELLS CO., ". ; ; Broad v 

N. B— If you will mention Tue Penman's Akt .1oitrk„l in ordering, we will send— FHEE-a copy 1 
e "PlirenoloKicalJournal" [20c. a number, $S2 a year], A magazine of human nature. 20 




IhARBACH ORCAN CO. boo M'lnK'^'p 



r,'ivi|/ ll'-k-l,,,,,,! ,|,.,„/,| „.„ th. 1,1, 
Demy, size in'.. v p; inches 

B. 750 

C, ion 

h. i.vni 


Charles Rullinson, 

for the past 13 years with D. T. Ames, 





! DIPLOMAS tor School 

and Colleges. 

Every Style of Artist i< 

Penwork , 




Now Extensively Used and Endorsed by the lead- 
ing Business Colleges and Schools through- 
out the United States and Canada. 


The largely increased sales of these popular and practical 
works are gratifying evidence of their merit as reliable and thor- 
ough text-books. Each year shows a marked increase in the number 
of live schools and teachers who, appreciating their value, are rap- 
idly adopting them to the exclusion of all others. 

Sadler's Counting-House Arithmetic. 

An improved work on Business Calculations, comprising over 
500 octavo pages, specially arranged and adapted as a practical 
Text- Book for Business Colleges, High Schools, Academies and 
Universities. More extensively used in Business Colleges than 
any similar publication. Retail price, $2.00. A specimen copy 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon rec-ipt of $1.25 to such 
tt- achers, school officers, boards of education, <fec, as may wish to 
examine it with a view to adoption. 

Sadler's Commercial Arithmetic. 
For Busim ss Colleges and Commercial Departments of High 
Schools and Literary Colleges. A reliable exponent of the best 
Business College Methods of Instruction. Every teacher of 
business arithmetic will be delighted with this volume, for it 
contains just what he needs — no more, no less. A special edition 
is also published for Grammar Schools and Academies. Retail 
price of either edition, $1.50. A specimen copy of either edition 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon receipt of 75 cents, to teachers, 
school officers, boards of education, <fec, who may wish to exam- 
ine it with a view to adoption. 

Sadler's Inductive Arithmetic, 
Or "Arithmetic without a Teacher," contains every principle 
of arithmetic, custom of business, item of information and form 
of solution which you will be likely to need. It is the book for 
young teachers who wish to perfect themselves in their profession 
by studying the most successful methods of teaching this branch. 
Price per copy, postpaid, $1.50. 

Sadler's Hand-Book of Arithmetic. 

A Modern Text-book for Modern Teachers ; a practical work 
for practical people. Contains no tantalizing 1 ules or definitions, 
no theoretical abstractions, but confines itself to teaching thorough 
arithmetic in a thorough manner. For supplementary class prac- ' 
tice it is invaluable. Contains over 4000 practical problems, and as 
1 teacher's desk copy it has no equal. Price per copy.postpaid, $1.00. 


The Counting-house Arithmetic and Business College Edition 
of the Commercial Arithmetic are supplied with Keys, a compli- 
mentary copy being presented to any school adopting either of 
above textbooks, whose initial order is not les^ than twenty-four 
copies. All the examples in these text-books, whether simple or 
difficult, are solved in full. Price for the Keys separately, $5.00 
per copy. A special price is made to teachers, however, of $3.00. 

Correspondence invited and orders soliciteJ. Liberal terms for 
introduction. Address 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

Nos. 10 and 12 N. Charles St., - BALTIMORE, MD. 

Aim Joukvvi. 5c 


YOU g 

i, m i- |. iU tnoi 

I fnifV l.Usiin -- i'..||. ■■_■■■ i 

i .1 t oil if ....ifiuiii. emit Hilling mi 

■ 11 " ii I". - Iki.H wl 

i .. i i- •keepei duties I ban a tteathi 

n-n< II | Mill III- -ill. jr. I II If I III. ■ «. I \ I- - I. II 111 1 
i mill Imi.jiii.' ri-nlh expert, eapable "1 dolllV 
I..- |. Hutu satislaeto 

amo charge of i» 




ii \ nil .I., it f It sit. -.lid answer 
- S'J.jO for liiii.k mill burn how 

y $2.i.(l0 for the inf.n nnUnni hereafter. Address 

P. A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway, New York. 

^ ma^sEs^m 




Are II II I \ i ■ I — ;* 1 1 V e.HH-.'.l.'l t.i hint' mi *"/" I ' "' • 

mill but few equals fur 



Hailed ran t.. anj pari o1 the United Statu 
upon receipt of Kmisns i 'itj , IMo 


In! I 

i for s 

-ering student 
weeks' course 

under ii t.-nelnT's personal supervision. Try 
Six lessons ami in-t a start in Hie riubt dircetion 



and Plain and Ornamental Penwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegant style and at 
moderate prices. 

<)ue Dozen Written Cards, 15c. ; Better 
qua! ty. 80c A Gem of Flourishing, 10c. 

Lohsous toy Mail. 

Lessons given En any branch of the art 
by mail at prices within the reach of all, 
Send stamp [or particulars. 


12-12 XJTJC.V, X. Y. 

Description of those Made by 

'i Ithi 

a oompromlM betwet □ Old Brurlfah and 
1 either. 

"-Mil. I | 

in Text 

J may 

1 I r.-<|t.]U.- 

nly t 

plen-iri- l IT i .'I. 

N,. i is ha-.ll .hi the "Ceroian Text," and adapt 
cil tti small al/.e peii-. 
KO. 6 b a beam if nl SortDt, and especially adapted 

I IphatMt,*' and 

is similar in N. ■.'■;, I.) ut specially for small 
No. 8 may be called ttio "Block," an the letter* 

.. small pens ; 

< adapted t.i rapid anil p| n,, v 

No. i 

u ben 

No. 10, the 

i |] i>. r dozen 

13 lessons, gS a 
Address, C. E. JONES, 

i*>ck nox 44. Tabor, Iowa. 

tln.-t uml cvpiirtt Instruction Book 
published: enclosed in u neat and substantial 
case; mailed to am pan .>! i he » mid for Fifty 
Cents. Semi for out new desoi 1 1 >t i \ e olroular 
gh uiv test Imonlals, fee. 

Putman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. L— Doublo-elostlc 

he. wink, tloin i-liiii-, e 

writing of all 'I' 'i m" n-h 

No. 2.— The " ItusiiH'-s Pen " for book-keep- 
ers, book-keepini; •In.linl-. ami all wishing a 

PBICBS.— Samples. 10r., 

fitirnr and : 

.s .1 < 


. ?s;. 

Mention The .I.iI'IIN 

Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best 








-The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only Six books. 

The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

1 he lirst complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

streti to secure such results. 
"S/ ea "i lifU " y P rint ed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
-Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

■ «ugma, urquesne, xylus, tenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 
-Each book contain? four pages of practice paper — one-sixth more paper 

than in the books of any other scries— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 

-Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

paper, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 
—Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 

£ B 


if 1 "? c 




^ h s 




The BARNES PENMANSHIP has compelled the publishers of every Series in the market l 
already added several of the special features of this New Sen. 

An Elegant Spec 

ook containing all the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS to any Teache 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 
: 205 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 per Year. 


: the Post Offic 
is Second-Class 


B. F. KELLEY, Associate Editor, 


Vol. XIII -No. 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 


Correct Position. 

It is often remarked by people advanced 
in years that writing in g< neral is not so 
good now as it was In their day. If legi- 
bility alone be considered, it la quite 
probable thai this is true, Forty or fifty 

yeai ago a n 'I shaded handwriting 

with a finger movement was almost uni- 
versally iu vogue iu this country. No style 
could be better constructed to give legi- 
bility. The round, formal shaded letters 
standout almost with the distinctness of 
type, and when slowly made, with the 
most accurate of all movements for writ- 
ing thfl finger movement, could scarcely 
fail of legibility. But in those days mer- 
handise and mails didnol fly on the wings 
oi steam or thought with the lightning 
the telegraph or telephone. With 
the snail pace of business, a snail-like 
peed in writing was in keeping; but as 
Lpeed in transportation and commerce has 
iKi.iiMil, quickening thought and action 
very avocation of life, more rapid and 
methods of recording and transcrib- 
:- bare been imperatively de- 
manded. Bene©, not only improved 
methoda in style have been Bought and 
discovered, but its handmaidens, the 
tti aograph and type-writer, have eome for- 
ward to share and lighten as well as to 
facilitate the labors of the pen. 

To the credil of an old shaded round 
baud, then, we place legibility; to its 
debil Blow execution, owing to the diffi- 
culties of complexity in form, larger size, 
. and finger movement. This 
being the fact, it is apparent that any 
it must be in the liuc of over- 

l base dimeultfee, 

First, we simplify forms. The first of 

ibets is the 

standard form of capitals used 50 

which requires 102 dis- 

. "us of the baud to make, 

while that of the modern band which 

quires only QQ, As the forms 

,,f the latter are more simple, and 

parallelism of lines, the strokes 

made with' less care, aud hence 

1 i. larger size 

tt//t/ /Vy fa{4rfJ?f'rtJ?/7 ft /f7f//Ct/Z 

f't/ rrt/ // •Yt/tf//rt//t/ 1 J ft y/ft rt <~/?rt % 

Model Writing of Fifty Years igo 

fatso <ma 


Cr^<7L0~ '-3^*7-^ <2^^z^rj%te. 


Model Practical Writing as Practiced To-day 

of the old hand the pen was required to 
move over a much greater distance in 
writing, in fact nearly double that of cue 

i li i 'i business hand, while the labor oi 

shading each downward stroke was very 
much greater ami less rapid than in un- 
shaded lines. The combined forearm and 
finger movement employed in modern 
writing is very much more rapid and [ess 

tirea i than the finger movement. 

For these reasons it is fair to assume 
that four pages of the modern writing maj 
be executed in less time and 
ease than one written in the old style. 
While we concede that the old style is 
probably the most legible, yel we unhesi- 
tatingly accept the new, all things con 
sidered. as inromparably the best. Had 
men considered personal safety first of all 
things in locomotion they would have al- 
ways traveled ou foot. But they have 
willingly sacrificed something of satVn to 
gain speed and ease by. mounting I hoi e, 

or Imanlini! a carriage or a steam car, So 
in handwriting we willingly lose slightly 
in one direction that we may gain much 
in others. 

The accompanying cuts show a few tines 

written in the Old style Of shaded round 
hand, together with other writing exe- 
cuted in approved modern practical 

style. With the latter we believe it is an 
easy matter to obtain four times the rale ot 
speed as the former. The follow ing copies 
and exercises, together with copies and 
exercises given in the last lesson, may he 
practiced from. 


/cT £y (LJ&uz- 


The Prize Flourishing Contest. 

AEemarkabl] Close Contest Between 
Moure, Znner nml Sehofleld. 

They Win Id the- Order Named. 

. .iMI-l I I I U.S. \Mi 

HBABI.1 8500 

The first of our scries of prize eunipe. 

titions. (hill of tin' nourishing class, has 

proved a success beyond our most sanguine 
eacpectatioDB, The votes came from every 
State and Territory in the Union and evcrj 
Canadian province. There were 8409 opin- 

ion, c. E. Ball and M. p. Knox, ol 
Quracy, Hi. 

The first five responses received in which 
the aamt - ol the authors were correctly 
oamed, with due allowance for distance, 

were I i W B. Hart, C. N. Faulk, It. 

P. Williams, D W. Moses and P. E. 
Cook. Anyone of our penmanship pre- 
miums will be sent to each of these gentle- 
men upon receipt of a letter making 

known his preference, according I n 

offer last month. 

The opinions ol expert - in any matter 
are always seasonable and interesting, and 
do less so because they may differ, The 

opinions ol lending prnineii as to w h:il p'oii 



(@Lj2&,.- l ,A. ' i .. ' , ' ' t 

The Above Outs were Photo-Bngraved from Stipe sent ue by Lyman 0. Smith, of Bart- 
ford, Conn., Showing il«- Wore of the Pupite in the Public Schools of thai City, of 
Which he ie the Writing Superintendent. The Outs Show a Fair Average from about 
One Hundred Stipe The Writer of '/■■ First Vote tt Twelve Years of Ige, and of 
the Second, Fifteen, We Should be Qlud to '<"<>' More of this Sort ■■! Work from 
Public Set / Supertntrndente for Review. 

i to the relative merits of 
the three prize flourishes. This table 
shows how the rotes were cftsl 

1st prize. 

2d prize. 

3d prize. 











Specimen B is therefore accorded the 
first prize of $10. It is the work of M. 
B. Moore, of Morgan, Kv. 

The second prize, a copy of the Ames 
Compendium, goes to specimen A, which 
was executed by C. P. Zaner, Columbus, 

The third jiri/e, ;i gms-. uf Ami-' |!i si 

Pens, becomes the property of Fielding 
Sdhofield, Quincy, III , the designer of 
specimen c. 

The competition was conducted with en- 
tire rairnesfl and without prejudice, and 
the ballots carefully counted. 

Twenty-four voters correctly name the 
authors of the different specimens. They 

F. B. Cook. Stockton, Cab, Business 
College; .1. P. Byrne, Jamestown, N. v., 
Business College; I '. M. Weiner, Soutb 
Whitley, Ind D \ Qriffttts, Hill's Busi- 
ness College, Dalles, Tex, , W. S. Hart, 
Haddonfisld, N. J.- I>. W. Moses, Al- 
liance, Ohio.; E. A. Holmes, Wales, 
N. Y.; E. M. Barber, Southwestern Busi- 
ness t'nivcrsity, Wichita, Kim.; R. II. 
McMillen, Chapniiin. Kan,; A. M, Mauris, 

Grand Island, N'eli., Business College; L 
II. Thombury, Haggerstown, Ind.; B. F, 
Williams, Turney, Mo.; W. M. Manly, 
Nashville, Tenn.; c. N. Paulk, Sioux 
City, Iowa; A. J. Smith, Anamosa, [owa; 

I), R. Barker, Sudhun, Vt, ; P, T. lien- 
ton, Iowa City Commercial College; Mr 

li u ■ ■ '. I lii i, lows , .\. Pbilbi ii k, 

Marion, Iowa ; F. <;. Steele, Cambridge 
t Ibio, and II. P, Behren nni per, I B, 

stitutes a good rtourisli, as shown in their 
votes on our prize offerings, will assuredly 
be received with pleasure. Ii should be 

borne in mind that these voters had no 

gr t ia hardly great enough. B, I 

think, is greatly overdone by too much 
filling in, (' i- nn aeat, but rather too 
timpli to show the skill which the author 
probablj possessed. 

G. \i Meade, Principal Fort Smith, 
Ark,. Commercial College, A, B, c. 

V .i i >;ili unplc, penman al above in- 
stitution, B, A, ('. 

I>. L. Hunt, penman, Western Business 

College, Hutchinson, Kan., (', A, B. 

Miss M. I>. Harman, Monroe Wi , 

K, A, C. 

F. C. Patty, Tamil, Tex., It, A, C. 

J, G. Dunaway, Little Rock, a . i. . <■ 

menial College, A, C, B. 

Prof. C. A. st. Jacques, St, •!. Bte, 
Academy, Montreal, B, A, c. 
Isaacs Votes »'• 

E. K. Isaacs, Valparaiso, [nd., indicate. 
his first preference only. Ii isforspecimen 

Louis c, Hinkel, Worcester, Mass., 

IV A. ( l. A is vei j g I, but B is a much 

finer purr of penmanship, The ■<■ one 

looks at it the more there is to stud] 

about it. 

.1 ( '. Blanton, Hardeman, Gn., V *'. B. 

I, R, Walden, Austin, Tex., B, \. i 

C. E Chase, Pen Arl Department, Hia- 
watha, Kan . Academj . B, A. C. 

L. W. Hallett, Millerton, Pa., B, C, A. 
Kane's Preference. 

J. C. Kane, penman of Eaton & Bur- 
nett's Business College, Baltimore, B, C, 

A Is good in design, but 
se in execution! Speci n 

for pleasing, in the design, 

grace and harmony of stroke, but savors 
of the • too muchy." Specimen C I like, 

especially lor original design and naturiil 

ease of streamer, which is not enhanced any 
by the abrupt beginning of the flourished 
strokes. This is also perceptible in their 
use in the wings of storks. Otherwise it is 
■■ i unit ■ i fbiy in the grotesque ap- 
pearance of a slork holding streamers. 

.1. M. Vincent, penman, Packard's Busi- 
ness College, N. V., B, A, C. 

W. L. BeCman, Superintendent Actual 
Business College, Red Wing, Minn., A, 
B. C. 

be enormous about 2 Feet in length 
Why wi'l penmen continue to make birds' 
beads like those in the margin of specimen 
A .' I never Ban a bird with head ami 

beak like those, uor has anj i else Thai 

spoils all of Mr. Zaner's otherwise beauti- 
ful work. I think specimen B n gem in 
every particular, and a credit to Mr. 
Moore, and I tope the prize "ill fall to 

I). L. Musselman, Quincy, ill.. C, B, A. 

P. G. Steele, penman, Cambridge, Ohio, 
A, B, C. 

E. M Chnrtier, Texai 
Pari.. Tea , B, A, C. 

.1. P, Byrne, penman, Jamesto'n □ \ S . 
Business College, A, B, C. 

.1 II. Bachtcnkircher, Princeton, Ind., 
Normal Academy, A, B, c. 

B. C. Wood, [owa Commercial College, 
Davenport, taw a, B, A, 0. 

R. W. Fisher, of the above college, 
A, B, C. 

M V Hester, Ridge Farm, III., C, B, 

A. B has the most work in it, luil I like 
(' best on account of it being SO natural. 
1*. T. Benton, fowa City Commercial 

College, \, B, c. 


4 I. Mi. 

W. F. Cicsseman, penman Capital C:ty 
Coinmercial College, Des Moines, Iowa, 

B, A, C. B is decidedly overdone, yet it 

i- well dour. 

,i S KcGaw, Celina, Ohio, C, B, A. 

P. R. lvineaid, rieasanlon, Kan l''or 

roomj work, neatness and grace, I give 
first prize to A; for^jrnndeur, second to 
IJ; for simplicity , third l" C. 

E. B. Gaylord, MiUedgeviUe, ill., 
A. B, C. 

E. .1 Em hi, penman, Stratford, Ont., 
A. B, c. 

Charles i) Winter, penman and en* 
grossing artist, Hartford, Conn. First 
|.i I/, to B, because if i- the bi >l speci 
men of Innttt ji'fi flourishing, and is 
very well done; the design does nol 

amount to much. Second prize to C, as 

the flourishing is g I, bul ool c igh 

range to it, nnd the design i* pretty. Third 

h> \ , ,i- lli« nourishing is good, hut tin' • 1 1. ■ ■■ 

Flourished by E " R ■■■. Wichita, Kan Photo-Ena I 

means ol knowing who the authors of the 
Specimens were; therefore there could la- 
no bias to their expressed opinions. In the 

subjoined voces preferences wore given in 

the order in which the letters indicating 

the speci is ore placed : 

rh roii £ t i Webb's Spectacles, 

\ ' U ebb, Nashville, Tenn., A, C, B. 
The only objection I can find to A is thai 
the contrast between Bagle and back 

W. D, F. Brown, penman, Auburn, 

R. I., B, A, C. I think It is the only pure 

piece of flourishing of the three. The 
prizes were offered for flourishing and not 
pen-drawing, that is the reason I pul 
specimen C for third prize, as it contains 
but little flourishing. Specimen \ ie we] 

executed but poorly designed. The pen 

boldcn according to the ratio oJ size com 
pared with the eagle and palette, must 


ml no) I 

C. M. Ward. Elizabeth, \. J., It, C, A. 

Attn thorough ion under niJig-jli- 

fying glass, for steady hand, unbroken 
trokes 13 Ninirin and considering size of 
originals, and especially clear outline* and 
delineation of subject, I think above about 

J. H. Ralston, Balti] B, L I 

„ ii. ,li, Valparaiso, tad., 0, li, A. 

. | | ,.[,,,:„!. I I""- ""< * '' ' 

, ,| , ram, Portland, Me., li. A. C. 

, r > MI iili .iii.i Uoyd Morrison, itchi 
i: . . College, A. C, II. 

\ ,; Coi E R. Drapo ind 

I a Lloyd, of above college, C, A, 8 

Parlor's Favorllo. 

, || Parley, superintendc f writing 

lm; ,l School, Trenton, N. J., 

v i: C 

I i; UcEay, Dominion Business Col- 

! ,,,. Kingston, Can . A. li. C The 

lines in specimen A harmon- 

,., | i, better than in B and ('. It re- 

, -Kill to execute the lines in A. 

1 End fewer blemishes in A. The 

,1 uraui ' specimen A is 

better! > or C. I place B - I foi 

the skill Bhown in tho general flourishing 
,,l I,, bird, not mentioning the ginger- 
i„,,„l The design ol C is excellent, bul 
ii,,. nourishing is very defective. 

executed. Bpecunen C second; better 
hi in. ni cit strokes and design, 

w .1 McBride, ornamental penman, 
Chicago, A, II. C. 

0. ('. French, Bayless Business Collegi 
Dubuque, (owa, C, A. B. 

i. l; i Seleol Writing axadomy, 

Rochester, N v.. B, A C. 

II. II. Parson's Choice* 

II B. Parsons, Zancsville, Ohio. Uusi- 
nesa College, B, A. C. I udoubtedty II 

isth >st skillfull) executed piece, bul 

ii is overdone. 

E. (I. Evans, Principal Burlington, Vt . 
Business College, B, \. C 

W. B. Chase, poi in and designer, 

Madison, N B . A. B, C. 

\V. J. White, Duffs College, Pittsburgh, 

II, ('. A. 

K M Barber, penman, Southwestern 
Business College, Wichita, Kan., A, B, C. 

O. P. Jiiihl, Clinton, Iowa, Business 

College, A. C, II. 

of superior design ami equal skill and 1 
would give IS the Bccoud place on the 
merit of execution. The) <>■ nil gi nu ol 
flourishing, ami refleel credil upon the 


.1. ii, Ilium. Raceland, La., A, B, C 

G. W. Temple, Cicero, Tex., A, 11. C. 

A (' Dorney, aile wn, Pa., Business 

Collegi . \, B, C. 

li \ Griffitts, ■Hill's Business College, 
., I. I V 11, '', 

I'. ■■ ll,.ll'» Opinion. 

F. II. Hall, penman, Troy, N. V . 
Business College, C, B, A. The B and C 
specimens an. both si, good that it is dif- 
ficult I.- determine. Mv reasons for giv- 
ing judgment in favor of C are these: 
Originality, simplicity ami beaut} mil' 
Bign, It is artistic and realistic in execu- 
tion, and superior to A and B. 

L. L. Tucker, penman, New Jersey 
Business College, Newark, 11. C, A. 

Vl.1,.1 tilsl [111/,. I,) 

there is more pure I 
either "l the others 

prize i.. |.. . 

eeilllen Ii. I think 

irishing on this than 

I have voted sec I 

H is ;i noveltj I 

nave shown the apecimens to a large oum- 

i. i ol : I penmen, mil tb.ej all seem to 

agree with m\ 

0.0. Rourkc, Marshalltown, [owa, B, 
\, C. 

II. E. 1'errin, Mankalo, Minn.. 11. A, ('. 

1). i'. Rugg, Minneapolis, Minn.. II. A. 

A. M. Wagner, Danville. Iml , It. \. C 

p. M Bager, Fife Lake City, Mich., A. 
it. C 

F. li. Palmor, Caledonia, N, S., B, V 
i ! Specimen A is a verj good , lesion, 
bul I think He grcatesl amount of skill is 

ilis|il:i\ril in s|ie, imeii Ik The tlnnrisliii 

of A is evidently an advocate of the ob- 
lique holder. 

E. M. llnntsiiiitei, lliint.iiiL'i is ISnsi 

qoss College, Hartford, Conn., (', A, Ik 

'<&$*?■ T ■> T s\ '■'. Aba- *xA*V- 


t)tUO T t L To 

I mkmr^ 

Class Vb 5 and One of the Two Sped i Selected as the Best from the Whole Number /.'. . 

an Invited to Send Tour Vote as to whicli oj these ftsoftnens Shall be iwarded First Prize. 

.Shivoly, penmen, Fori Scott, Kan., 

I; \ 

I'll rough Klnnle)'* siu-etnele*. 

W J. Kinsley, penman of Normal 

Shenandoah, Iowa., A. Ii, C. A 

hows originality, skill and harmony, li 

gr< atest skill, not so much origi 

Qiility, and is overdone, which fact do- 

tracts From its appearance. C shows most, 

■I. lity, is fairly harmonious in design, 

Iml does not show so much skill as either 

\ or B. They are all elegant specimens 

ii will ,i<li| 1.. the fame ol the artists who 

tea" them. 

' l\ Wellmau, East Jaffrey, N. H., 

1 \ and C are more original than 

B. \ and li exhibit more skill in placing 

1 ; ■ mil iir more harmonious. Ii is a 

beauty, but u trifle overdone, 

i' ii. Land, Do Land's Business Col- 
li ■ tppleton VS is., C, A, B. 

Locke Thompson, penman, Tcmpleton, 
Pa In raj opinion, 11 is by Ear the fiuesl 
ind raoal beautiful. A comes next. 

Parsons, penman, Wilton Junc- 
tion, [owa, li. A, ('. 

w Dix, Business Collegi Garden 
1 "*. Kan., li, C, A. 

Crandleip Idea 

0- N. dandle, penman ol X 

" ton, III , A. 11. ('. 

mats in design ami 

A first; 


G. W. Wallace, penman, Wilmington, 
Del., Commercial College, A, B, C. 
Lowe i.lki-M C Bert, 

A. W. Lowe, penman, Wilbraham, 
Mass., i , B, A I think C best on ac- 
(■(iin.i of its clearness and ilmplidt; 

W. A. Moulder, penman, Adrian, Mich., 
A, C, 11. 

Flail Gtvom A llie Palm. % 

.]. V. Fish, penman, Ohio Business Uni- 
versity, Cleveland, A, C, 11. 

Louis Keller, KcndnllsviUe, Ind., B, 

A, C. 

L. L. Wiley, Superintendent of "Writing 
in Public Schools of Painesville, Ohio, 

B, A, C. 

II. S. Taylor, proprietor Salem, Ohio, 
Business College, B, A, C. 

Pelrce** Notion of PlourUIUnff. 
C. II. Peirce, Peine Business College, 

Keokuk, Iowa, B, A, C. My vote stands 

on the highest order of skill. 

E. Stouffcr, penman, Tortmto, B, A, c 

Will Pcard, Jr., Orillia, Ont., Ii, A, C. 

C. E. link, Russell, III., B, A, ('. 

Chos. Broidecker, Writing Instructor in 
Public Bchools of Columbia, 111.. B, A, C. 

J. N Maxley Stuttgart, Ark., C, A, B. 

Wclwier'i. Preference. 

S K w . i..i. , M ■ Business Uni- 
versity, Atlanta, Ga., C, B, A. C 
should receive first prize on the ground 

A, S. <>sl,ori 
iity, B, t', A. 

Buffalo Business Univer- 

Harmou'i Waj •>< Looking Ai It. 

G \v ii:n , penman Soule's College, 

New Orleans, B, C, A. B is my choice 
on account of the beautiful arrangement 

of the lines and the shades about it, which 

are exquisite. I think C should have 
second prize on account of its having 
been executed by a bond of ran skill in 
that particular line of work. The eagle 

comes in last, but there is scarcel] :h 

difference shown in the respective ability 
of the throe persons. 

A. A, Clark, Superintendent of Writing 
m, Public Schools, Cleveland, Ohio, B, A, 

P. P. First, Springfield, Muss., A, B,C. 

L. II. Axlell, Reels, Iowa, 11. A, ('. 

,1 p Quigley, Goshen, N. V., B, A, C. 

<;. G. Strickland, Stillwater, Minn., A, 
C, B. 

.1. ,1 Hogcn, Hendium, Minn , A, B, C. 

L. .1. Columbus, Crookston, Minn., 
I B, \ 

L. E. Le Hane, Beatrice, Neb., A, B, ('. 

Chesl.r Ashley, Lakcville, Mass., I', A, 

I). E. Blake, Galcsbur-j, Mich., B, A, C. 
PatriiK"" Preferenee. 

w. ii Patrick, penman, Sadler's Busl 
aess College, Baltimore, B, ''. A I have 

You art invited to send us an expression 
at' opinion on the ornamental tpeeimms 
which ../'/'""• in this issue. Y<><< early. 
\..rt month, business lettors. 

To Save *:t.,»0 U i 


Says 'J'li' Bookkeeper 

From Mr. D. T. Ames, \cv. York City, 
publisher of that excellent paper, Tub 
Penman's AbtJodbhal, we hive received 

a copy of Anus' " Now Compendium of 

Practical and Artistic Penmanship," a 
Large, hands* ily bound and superbly en- 
graved book of TO poges, full of valuable 

suggest b and aids for the student of 

penmanship. Leaving the introductory 

pa^es ol rudimentary .Acni-c .ind sug- 
gestions, the work carries one through by 
easy stages to what would seem to be the 
very limit of Intricate penmanship, and 
ends by showing designs of Bteel pen work 
which "it would seem could only be accom- 
plished i'\ an engraver. We can heartily 

commend this work to any "in- desirous of 
exi elling in this branch of tin- art 

Everyone who has bought a compendium 
(and WO have sold llioo-.nidsi snys it is re- 
markably cheap at |5 ■> copy, the selling 

price, postage prepaid. The splendid new 

"Spencerian Compendium," complete in 
seven parts, Balls at $7.50. This with 
" Ann-s' Compendium " makes it complete 
penman's library. We will furnish the 
two for only $ii, thus saving the purchaser 


i o r bft au& 'T'cpar bme***. 

j// ,„„//.,■ intended fm thu department 

>,„.■!„■/;. ,./ thnith / ,.v>-hu«J**\ xh.nlM I: 

>,„, to Vrt I E. Pochard, 101 Ba*t 83£ 

,/,,,r. Zfrnc }'<»r*. 

A Method of Examination in 
Shorthand Work. 

An examination of forty shorthand 
pupils was recently conducted after this 
fashion : 

1. An article of 200 words in very simple 
language was dictated at a very slow rale, 
pach student being required to get every 
word and ask for a repetition if he failed 
to do so. 

•_\ Another article of 200 words, more 
difficult, was dictated, also very slowly. 

3. A short article, which each of the 
class had read from phonography and writ- 
ten ten times, was dictated at the rate of 
">0 word? a minute. 

4. Another article, which they had also 
read from phonography and written ten 
times, was dictated at the rate of 75 words 
a minute, nobody being allowed to ask for 
a repetition. 

This was all that was done as class work. 
The individual work was timed, each pupil 
being required to work without communi- 
cation with any other student, and the 
time required for each paper was recorded. 
Three phonographic slips were provided 
and distributed to the class, one at B time 
to each pupil, but. not in the same order. 
These were transcribed in the order re- 
ceived, and as soon as finished were 
handed to the teacher, who recorded the 
time spent upon the transcription, giving 
the pupil another slip until the three 
were finished, the time consumed upon 
each being taken. Then t\ree type- 
written slips were distributed to be 
written in phonography, each stu- 
dent, as before, being timed, and hav- 
ing but one slip given him at a time. This 
completed the examination, which covered 
from two to four hours, according to the 
ability and quickness of the pupils. 
Each pupil was dismissed from the room 
as soon as he had finished the prescribed 
work, leaving his note-book with the 
teacher. The books were all critically 
examined by the teacher, and a system of 
marking was adopted, 100 being taken 
as a maximum; 1 being deducted for 
each omission in dictation or transcrip- 
tion, 1 for each error in position, 2 for 
each incorrect, outline which involved si 
violation of a principle, 1 for an incorrect 
outline that was no violation of principle, 
showing only a lack of judgment, £ for a 
word written in full that is a contraction. 
J for reading one word for another, the 
outline being the same for both, 1 for mis- 
reading a word when the outline would be 
different from the word read. 

The above method is submitted Eor 
what it may be worth, «itii tin hope "1 
eliciting comment and suggestion from a 
few hundred of the teachers to whom tnis 
journal conies. How shall the best results 
be attained in teaching shorthand I 

Tin' great secret of .speed is not in writ- 
ing the word quickly, but in shortening 
the time in passing from one outline to 
another. — JaHKS E. Muhson. 

Expert Testimony as to 
Amanuensis Work. 

One of the most interesting features <if 
the Business Educators 1 Convention, held 
at Minneapolis last summer, was the in- 
vasion of the Shorthand Section on the 
last evening l> the practical stenogra- 
phers of the city. Tin II |.L -■: 
the idea of putting them on the witness 
stand, and many useful hints for the 
benefit of the profession were thus ob- 
tained. We give a very few of the many 
points that wen' brought out: 

A» to tlie Dm ol the T> [»<■-« rlt.r. 

Mr. McCarath on the stand. 

Q. How fast can yuu write' Alls. It is diffi- 
cult to tall I woulchVt like- to say, 

Q. Whatareyourduties.' Ans. Correspond- 
ence ahno>t vnliiilv 

Q. Do you write them "ii the type-writer! 

i auy »itli tin' pen! Ans. 

letter! ins. Thej gem rallj give 
letter and say, "Answer so and bo," gii ine, i 

tilt' general ill'lil. :mi| lrvl\ u ej Hi.- 

.. i be got from teaching. 

.'..ii niii-1 kimw v.-iir man ;in<l ad.i|it v ' l< I- 

g. Siill, -unif nl the tilings you learn in 
chool help foul Ans Oh, yea; you get a 

I 1 \\ , III. I i I I il'llW I"' :l -I"" I \ I"'"" I'ltl'l 

„,, ■■i,.|.| ■ Miami «nM <>r tin- rev. i>e ; 

\,,- i jj .i ■ ither be both Howi rei I 

l, ml. ,i, n i .i rapid rule "ii tlic t >'!*■■- 
M-iti-i i- iii-'i" iim-i taut Mian am - ■ 1 1 1 - i . 

">. What i- tlie average rat.' ■ >l -hoi Miami 
lictation t Ans. I should say tlnii ii imelv 
■xeeeds 100 words per minute. 
\m in the KOct't of Shorlhiiml on tlic 

Q. Do you find sluu-tliaii.l ililliealtor trying 
..Mi. -.m- Vtis \... ] think imt. 1 never 

iad any trouble with my ej esighl ii j tvaj 

ya linil a n'lu'f 

, eyes be 

ii 'i Miami. 

better than "they have I ii In In.- I gi-id 

many years. I tin m>t think Mi. uMiiinl lias 
hurt" them. I was very mueli atianl Miat it 
would affect them, but I have not found that 

Q. Do. ; 

With a pen 

with a pen or a pencil * 
withdraw all I 

affect the eyesight. _ 

studied the pn>i»'-il mei^U M is the 

endeney of people w' - ' 

|„'ir .-\-rs i" take I" -In 
Mix Packard; And r 


During the disc 
a health in com 
s brought 

that shorthand 
d his eyesight, 

. d" i\ it 1 j 

has said 
,.i to take a lower 

■lan\ hat ■■ bo bake 

hi yean do Tins 
■itable. It affects 
ly breah down un- 
hid pay a liberal 

B nerves and eve- 

ervous when you began 

Ans. Perhaps I i 

Q. Did vim ever have as close on 
fore .' .Ans. No. I have been with .- 

On Punctuation. 

Testimony of Mr, Collins: 

Q. You have studied the rules of punctua- 
tion; Alls. Yes; hut as was stated by a vniuiL' 
lady, a few months ago, my employers are 

i"vs',u . 

bilityf Ails. My employers > 
that way. Wherever they v 

they say so. 

(,>. Dnyniii 

i your own responsi- 

«,i lin v<iu h 

rordsl An-. > 
Q. Take the \ 

ve any difficulty in dividing 

ord recommend. Would vnu 
/liable rec or rel Ails. Re" If 
I had a little more room I would make it 

Q. Take the word refer. Would you cut it 
off between the a and /I Ans. Sea 

Q. How about reteienee^ Ans. I think if I 
had room but for one syllable, I would carry 
the whole thing over and put it on the next 

Boston, Charles ('. Beale- 

editor, is a bright, original lit! I 
and costs only 50 cents a year. 

Speed is the simple result of familiarity 

with your shorthand charactei !■>■■.. 

8, Dement. 

The Pheno\ U alw ays wel- 

come, is made doubly so this month by the 
fine portrait of Benu Pitman which ac- 
companies it. It is not the portrait of an 
old man, though the hair and beard are 

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-..A..C^ L 


T«'€> ii'-i - that Saw Hi** Kim;. 
Two American boys mode thi acquai 
nee of the King of Denmark, this su 
ii,r, andei vcn pei ahor circumstam 

rin-y were sk\'l:irkinu r in the streets 

I Opi ill. Igl ii. 

other's hat in1 rei 

WilNtrvillL'tn .li-ln.l- 

While the 
i, there came 

(he individual control of the local princi- 
pals, who, as a rule, were, before its disso- 
lution, members of the Si I Bryant S 

Stratton.— 2fe)CA<»& r Commt reial />■ hit "■• 

Hi' tint*) nt i if Koy«. 

Five years ago there were bul seven 

typewriters in use in the city, it is stated 

for the dead mole, as he saw only four 
beetles under the carcass, he reburied it 
and in six days found it overrun with 
maggots It was nol until then that the 
thought struck him that these maggots 

Wen.' tlK! offspring r.f till' beetles In- llil'1 

si'i-ii. mill thiii tlu> |».-rf 'I the burial 

rites hi order to pro* i* I ^ ;■ pUu i i" •!• posil 

\ hen- Hi. ii' \\1\ l> it. h< '1 >iiini» 

might have food foi thi ii i »1 t 

i ..iilinuin- hi- "!■- ' ^ ali.-n-. Mi '•:• 'In- 'i 

placed four of these beetles nndci •■ glass 

ease, with two di ad frogs i ■ ■ 

buried the Erst frog in 12 hours, and on 
the third day the second unc was similar!] 
disposed of. The professor then gave 
them a dead linni t, and b pail ol the 


hat, allowed the boy to mount his shoul- 
ders, uii.i, with tin' umbrella, finally cap- 
tured the liat, As the boy dismounted 
and thanked the old gentleman, another 
gentleman came along, who Baluted and 
called the one with the umbrella, "Your 
Majesty." Being 
boy was not paraly 

t he thinks the 
i. In fact, the 
tal fellow. !!«■ 
people in their 

eh the 

royalty about him. — Golden Dot 

Verbal Snares. 

Tin- popularity of Peter Piper 
brated peck of pickled peppers will proba 

tongue that would fain bi 

teal bos formidable i i ■'- 

short sentences, as thru authors maintain, 

do wonders in baffling tb -dinars powers 

of speech: 

Gaze on the go^ graj brigade, 

Thi' sea eeaseth, iirnl il sutlieeth us. 

Bay, should such a shapely Bash shabby 
stitches show. 

Strange strategic statistics. 

Give Grimes Jim's gilt gig-whip. 

Sarah in a shawl shoveled soft snow 

She sells sea-flhells. 

A cup of coffee in a copper coffee-cup. 

Smith's spirit-flask split Philip's sixth 

sister's lifth si|uirrel's skull 

Mr. Fisk wished whisk whisky. 

Mm\ people helieve that the fir 
Bryant* Stratton Is -till m existence, and 
that various -.bonis l<» i!-d tluou_dn ui 
the country, which still fly the Bi font & 

Stratton thi",, are aetually under tin/ per- 
sonal management oi Bryant & stratton, 
whereas Mr, Stratton, of that firm, died 
i„ isi;; md Mi Bryant a interest in com- 
mercial -elm. .Is ha- ,,,,, . tli.t .1 ale been 

confined to the Bryant & Strattoi icl I 

in i bicttgo. At thetimeofMr. Stratton's 

death anil t lie ennsrnu. nt devolution of ll.e 

Photo~Bngravpd fr\ 

by one of the agents; and there are now 
over 3.10 Remington Standard Typewriters 

and CoAigraphs in use. Ii is stated that 
tin gales of this mouth will largely exceed 

those of any former month, both in this 
city and State, There an- a large number 
of young ladies learning to use them, and 
as a rule they make the best writers.— 
Indvmafolw Journal. 

liiNi-i'i Undertakers* 

Nearly every one is familiar with the 
burying beetle, and many have, perhaps, 

luetics set to work to bury it. They 
pushed out the dirt from beneath the 
body; then the male drove the female 
away, and worked alone for about Eve 
hours, turning the linnet ai 

convenient position, am 


untin- tin 

beetles had buried four frogs, three small 

ri.M-.M Time-Piece*. 
Each flower, bird and insect has 

{...inted time I lie -Inline; ).. 

beauty and music that stretches 1 

the \> ii Phi j pei form their p 
regularly as a< tors in n plaj all t 

well 11.. il plaCOS, and appe.ui.i-. ml 


ie placed 

in lie Ie Idl di' a a Rip Van Winkle sleep 

of nnVnowu length he could tell theexaa 
day of the year by '1"- flowers around him. 
Other i lose observers "f nature htffl 
claimed the same. Before mechanic™ 
, i... ks »■ re common d was an ordJnaS 
habit to read the time of day in the (low- 
ers. Every blossom bas its precise hour 
for unfolding its petals and for muttnO 
them. Although the light and tempera 
lure affect these movements there is al- 
ways a stronn elTort. made bv the plant to 
keep its allotted time. Day flowers that 
are iuiprisoiud in darkness slill follow 
their usual out-door habits. Mosl flo 1 

open at sunrise and close at BUnset, 
there is DO hour of the 24 when s 
blossoms dO OOl awaken, and then 

This motion is generally gradual, hut 

noon flowers nn rapidlj I ia us, 

the father of modern Botany, construct^ 
a flower clock which would tell the hours. 
The following list of opening times is 
taken from his arrangement, and has beffl 
rm ml. ..rated I »y other authorities: 

2 a. m Purple Convolvulus. 

3 " Florae Not 

4 ■' Goafs-Beard, 

5 " Yellow Poppy. 

II " .*. Sfntte.l I 'at' l-'.-n 

8.30 " Bow Thistle. 

; , Water- 1 J lies. 

7.30 " Venus's I king-Glass. 

S "...., Searlet I'impel nel. 

8.SC " Nolana. 

n " Marigold 

9.30 - Bed Sandwort 

10 " ... Kig-Marinolil. 

11 " Lady Eleven O'clock 

12 in. ,. Mine I-.i-o.m ri-n-i 

■_• p, oi rink Pimpernel 

.ll-V.-l ..1 1'iTl 

Ini.. Evening 

(F <). lurk) 

Lychnis (Nlght- 

// i ■ 

'< Peopl* 

Tlio Dead Sen 

Oneof the most interest inn lakes or 
seas m the world is the Dead Sea. 
has no visible outlet. It is not mere 
that has clothed the Dead Sea in gloonfl 
The desolate slimes, with scarcely a green 
thing in sight, and scattered over with 
black stones and ragged driftwood, form 
a fitting frame for the dark, sluggtafl 

waters, eovered with a perpet ual mi-T, and 

breaking in slow, heavy, sepulchral toned 

wa\es ii f n Ml the heaeh. It sicins as if the 

smoke of the wicked cities wasyel aiceudina 
up to heaven, and as if the moan of their 

Flourished by A. II. Steadman, Toledo, Ohio Photo-Engraved. 

- operations. Noticing that 

and Other small animals laid 
B6 ground sunn disappeared, 

fishes, one mole, two 

the entrails "t a fish, am 

morsels of the lungS of an OX. 


fearful sorrow w 

smitten valley. 

sparkling in th 

it leave th: 

strange th 

Wife— "George, do tin- Indians always 
travel in single filet " Husband — " I never 
:,,, i.ut one, and he did." 

^j fiiajteji&sa^ 


■ ... m ll- p 

, i, w tii- .1 very unctuous ski 

.,,„! '„ mosl pestiferous stitiffinj,' of cvcr\ 

... s if we ii"'i i" en beaten with 
D , ttics Nor was the water we took into 
..hi mouth o whit less vile than the most 
daosoous drugs of the apothecary. Thai 
fan cannot live in this strong solution of 

bitumen and salt is I bvioua to need 

..i b ,i to i "■ w if birdB < annot fly 
vei it and live is one of the exaggerations 
,,, travelers w ho pi ■ nape were not, like 

ourselves, 10 fori ten t a flock of 

ducks reposingon tbi wotei in apparently 

I health An.l ret this was all the 

jjr, we did wi Hii whole vallev was 

nc seething cnuld , under more than n 

ironical sun God ton iki n and man for 

mcnl of God's fearful judgments as 
ilii- Bre from hi avi d d< voun «1 the 
,,,, r htj i H"- of the plain. 

ll, lU tin- winters aw drifting like Bakes «.i 
Ami the summer-like buds between, 

\n,( Mm- \eais III llir shell!', l|OW t Ll* '.V Collie flllil 
III. Ij J" 

lie river's breast, with its ebh and Its 

\. it glides ni the Bhadow and sheen. 

And the June with the r 
\,,.i the name i 

There are fragmei 

s .if si iii^- that nolmdv sin^s, 

There are parte of an infant's prayer, 

There's a lute uuswept and ;i hear! uill I 


I'll. i. >ar< bauds that are waved from the fair} 


When the 

we heard in the days gone be 

. mil dim ii the river "'as fair. 

fected in Edinburgh, fro 
i iieiy arrived with all the i 
i ishions for < 1 n - dead, 


I I he i... 

Hi. < 


Fnnn tin* article on " Bird Music " bj 
Simeon Pease Cheney in the November 
Century we quote the following: "The 
loon is not a singer, but bis calls and 
ihoutings exhibit bo great a variety of 
vocal qualities thai we mnal < onsidei him 

Lawrence County, N. V. This I iful 

little island-dolled lake, some three miles 
l.'iiir. has been inhabited for years l>\ 

three oi four pain of loons. There they 

lay their eggs and rear their young, I 

there I found a good opportunity to study 

Miem. On one occasion a small parly of 

« discovered a nest. When we were vet 
n good waj of! the warj Bitter slid from 

i [hi into Hi. 'V ,1 , ,l,ite<i .ihili- belieuth 

1 it it, u a vaal H into the lake before 

ni tO tin - II . The nest, smipl , 

■ it. I-. .lr> niu.k. Wl tin 

1 " of an old imiskrat house, not more 

than s ,„■ hi inches above the water 
there were two verj dark eggs in it — 

111 "' i i ■ tl, in two ari found in the nest 

1,1 the loon nearbj as large as those of a 

■ ■ 

1 'hi time ol sitting as l was informed 
' ■ weeks. Wilson says ol the loons 

' . M-ht ,,,,., ,, their nest- ■ Imt ,, 

Can-ful observer, uho had several lions 
■ " female make her way from the 

' " ll1 ' 1 '" i told mi that they shave 

themselves to it on their breasts, mm 

much as they push themselves in the 

water. I was also informed that the 

young an- ii. lei ted upon the nest, but 

are taken to the water on the hack of the 

mother, win re thi v remain and ore 

fed for a time, and then are launched 

upon the waves for life. At this ll!4 e 
one can row op t.. them and take them 

in the hand, w Id. h f In > delighl in ffil in- 
li ud iu ps b ith thi ii long .ni.l limber 
bills, bui when a month old thi j earn fit 
wild and i ing as then: parents 

tills, lie. ■ .In . IVIr 

Ide the blamed things. 

I \ ] r 

thai they can be fished out when 

ilile into the river. The females 

nit such protection, nod arc usu- 

to drown — such accidents heioM 

An Expert 


■■paper from 

In read 


l,,i i M.i into 

el of 

of rags, ground into pulp, 

il with ingredients sufficient 

liaitc qualifcj and thickness, 

the " forties '" 3ui b ■■■■■ thi 

re are many printers and 

now Living who will testify 

■spceiallv as regards news- 

All this hi 

mi think yon can 

1 write short-hand, 

St can you W01 If '." 
youth, modestly, 
rt of oil over the 
what I can do with 

Miss Travis — Y< 
dozen offers op marriage, hi 
Belle? Miss De Smith— Yes, I 
Miss Travis— And refused then 

-Burlington F<> 


bad ftl least a 

ci iii, 10 cents make one dime, 10 .limes 
ho-, d full gross of Aine-' Best Pens, everj 

Practical Teachers and Per 

The features of the picture given here- 
with will he recognized bj hosts ..f his 
friends as those of John R, Cornell, Prin- 
cipal of the AMian\ Business College, one 

o| the best known business educators in 

this itry. Horn in Troy, he spent his 

early life then-, and at ihe age ol 18 

I ii ri ial ■ qui -.■ in thi Bi pant & 

sn. iii. hi College. His special litj in 

the line of bus ioess edui ation showed 
itself so plainly that as iood at hi grado 
nted he was engaged as tie&oher, and be- 
i..i g I" b as -I age he purchased the col 
Lege, and thenceforth devoted himself 
to business college work. 

Mr i atoiii was one oi the original i* 
who al Buffalo in L867, after the disin- 
tegration ol the "Bryanl <S Btri d 

Chain of Colleges," united to form the 
International Business College Associa- 
tion. .Mr. Carnell was the j _■■ t u 

Lei ..i licit group, among such men as 
Packard, of New York; Sadler, of Balti- 
more; Bryant, of Chicago; Williams, of 
Roi hestei . Spencer, oi Milwaukee; Fel- 

ton, Of < 'levelaml. and others well known. 

For ten years Mr. Carnell successfully 
conducted the Troj College, but incessant 
work told upon him and he was obliged 

to give Up. A Complete tvsl, spent in 

travel ami study, restored his health, and 
in the spring of 1884 he returned to his 
genial calling, purchasing a half in- 
terest in the Albany Business College and 
entering into partnership with Pro! C K. 
Carhart, under the firm name of Carnell & 
Carhart To his work here he brought 
the courage and " push " which have al- 
ways distinguished him, and .almost from 

Mi.' date Of his connection with it the 
Albany Business College leaped into 

l 11 <••<• and fasi outgrew the already 

increased accommodations provided by 
the new linn, a new building was de- 
cided upon, and a four-storj double-front 
edifice erected especially for the college 

is now the pride of Mr. Cornell 1 ! heart 
and the joy of the college stud. -tils and 



of his life 

bis unci k Mi I 
up the added Im 

hful efficiency pil< 
ro increasing numbe 
During the past summe 
himself Prof. s. D. Gi 
ot the college work. 

The nan to Fire ifoar Had 
Writing At. 

Perry Jones, the Superintendent of the 

lira. I Letter Department of the New- York 

Post Office, has just recovered from ii se- 
vere illness, which prostrated him tot 161 
era! weeks. He is familiar with the writ- 
ings ..i everj language except the Chinese 
and Aval. ii To decipher the i horacters 
of the Mongolians and Arabians win. send 

missives to this country he has ,-, special 
assistant. Some of the work of elinn lati.m 

which Jones accomplishes is absolutely 
marvelous. The foreign letters ore not 

arily the most difficult to decipher. 

ly those n hich 

The hair-clutchers 
come from Pennsy] 
apparently write h 

lia Dutchmen, who 
plowshares and in 
ilar of their own 
'1 a feeling of pro- 
ds of the mosl en- 
Jones lays thai he 
dis. ■ ring the in- 
r.i.i. writers to the 

■ tO put himself in 

ignorant of writing ai 
calities, would attempt 
He has been in the \ 

and tor one half that 

position. He is talked of for the 
tendency of the Dead Letter Oflfci 
\\ ashlngton. — Ex. 

- ' ag- 

^ n.rh , and 

as himself. 

10 ■'.(■■ 

Penman's Art Journal 

Irftii rti — ■ cents i gate line . 

•-.' 50 | i '' "i .. . Eton Disc t» for 

V eial <-•' '■ t "■ ■'<■ "' 

mi ,,/,,,/, .,;/,,.„ \o ,!■/,■. ,/i>- ,„.„N fn/o ,i fo; 

Usi R |2. 

A vrraae < Ireiilnllon ln»i year over 
l.l, one) ,.. ■ laane. 

Subset i r i ; on ■/• ■•• - 1 ; otk n u mht i LQ 

No frvi samples except to bona fide 

New York, Pcbritary, 

I.' SOU in l'i .■'■! ■> ;■ I (V g 

A Method ol i 

ation in Shorthand 

Work ; i::v|"i I Testunom us to .' 
uneusis Wiiii- ; A- l<- ■ 

I \ 1 1 . ■ ■■'. i ll.I ; \- In 1 In- l.ll.vt .,( Mi.. i > 
h:ug<] on tin Km 

I <V- -- " ir I h 

Want tn Ivvehnngi >.,.-.■ ii- 

I -,.-. I ..,.■.. 

Writing and Fl.inn-lniu- is. Ii, Webster! '.' ". 11 

Gazelle" SiiIi.i . Mm i ~. 


'"'.'/ for us, by reason of a 

jlooil »! ihij'iii ,.s n<; ;>;.</, In. ,,,,,,<, all u„, , r , /;<:' --tilisrr'n.tivit* on (hi 

booh of Tin: l'i nmvn i.\/itte "ill bt 
carried out by u», as announced when m 
bought out that paper, \\< then said, and 
In n repeat, that for the tfttret numbers 

which THK I! A/.KTTR missel last xiimmir 

subscriber for that pa 
extended thret monG, 

(/■//■it, .,</■//■■, i , ,,,'i/i/h f,i ohv'mt, .ihii t'nr- 
■ r ,.„ii, „,-, m< th, subject, which 
consumes much firm thai might h man 
profitably employed, 

Th, November, L888, number of The 
Journal hoe becomt nearly < chausted. 
II". havi htt a A us copies left and will orUy 
dieposi of them with complete files. We 
wish to buy copies of this issue at 10 cents 
each, or '<■ excftangt for th m ■ 
other issu* or eJtoiet of our penmanship 
Thou having copies to dieposi 
fer " great favor by letting us 
natu th m, 


Toe result of our flourished specimen 
prize competition is gii a elsewhere. We 
were quite prepared for a warm response 
from our Mends, but the volume of letters 
culled out astonished us. There is much 
foocl for serious reflection by penmen in 
tlic details .... en The brief 

extracts from letters show how ditfercnt 
artists will come to widely different con- 
clusions from the sami premises. Every- 
body knows Iioh doctors will disagree, 
and penmen, without any doubt, have 
that much in commou with them. Brother 

Moore ought to be a proud man, and so 
ought Brother Zaner and Brother Bcho- 
tield — and doubtless they all are. On one 
thing 'mtv one is agreed: The specimens 
are uniformly elegant, and either of them 
would be a credit to any artist. 

Bo widespread has been the interest 
taken in this competition that The Jont- 

\ \i is i-nn-idi'iiiLM arranging : thei -mi 

even a broader scale. We shall think the 
matter over carefully, and probably have 
something further to say in point next 
month. Nothing is so stimulating and 
productive of improvement as a good, 
healthy competition 

Next month we shall show some very 
neat business letters. We hope, too, 
in the next issue to be able to begin the 
printing of some of the papers and essays 
for which prizes were olTrired. So many 
contributions .were receiver! in this line 
that the work of handling them has been 
necessarily slow. We have papers from 
some of the foremost penmanship special- 
ists in the country, and it is safe to promise 
that no series of articles that ever ap- 
peared in a penman's paper has been bo 

comprehensive iir grasped the whole sub- 
ject of penmanship instruction so fully as 
that which we shall print as the outcome 
of our prize competitions. 

While on the subject we may say that 
some very elaborate and beautiful flour- 
ished specimens submitted for competition, 
which in merit fall little below those al- 
ready printed, will appear in The Jour- 

We shall esteem it a great Favor on 
the part of any friend who may put us in 
the way of securing copies of The Joornal 
for last November. We are willing to 
exchange any other number for that one, 
to buy them at ten cents each, or to give 
an] of our pen premiums in even exchange 
for them. Even a single copy will be 
gladly received. 

Here ts an excellent suggestion 
iron, Thomas Powers, Watertown, N. Y., 
which we hasten to act upon : 

I would like to see published in TriL 
Journal a list of the cities of the United 
States in which special teachers of pen- 
manship are employed; also the salaries 
paid in each. If a notice were published 
in The Journal rcquestingteachcrstoseiul 
in the names of such I think it would 
be complied with. 

Any information in the line indicated 
will be gladly received. It. of course, 
should be as explicit as possible, with the 
number of special teachers and their ad- 
dresses, if practicable. A compilation of 
this character might open avenues of 
profitable employment for many penman- 
ship teachers. 

The responses to our circul n 
infoimation about business colleges have 
not been as general as we could wish. We 
have about a hundred answers, but it is 
the other two hundred that we are anxious 
about. New blanks will be sent on appli- 
cation. This is an undertaking of the 
greatest interest to the profession* and we 
hope it will be encouraged. 

We have been using Barnes 1 Jel 
Black Ink in our office recently and lind 
it to be a very satisfactory article. This 
is an enterprising house, and everything 
that it handles is fiist class. The new 
Barnes National Pens are no exception. 
You can test their merits yourself by 
sending ten cents to the Arm (address on 

tl itside page of this paper) for an 

unique sample card of pens, showing ten 

TnE recent addition of the Gazette 
subscription lists to those of Tm Jot umaj 
naturally caused some friction, especially 
in tin cases of those who were on both 
lists, and entailed a lorgi amount ol extra 

labor on our working force. The diffi- 
culty increased when our secretary was 
taken suddenly and Beriouslj/ ill. A few- 
days later the head subscription and 
mailing clerk was also taken ill, That 
was some weeks ago. and neither has yet 
been able to resume his duties. At the 
same time we were suddenly deprived ot 
the services of our general superintendent, 

to say nothing of the office boy. It would 
be difficult to imagine a chain of much 
more adverse circumstances, and th.' haml- 
ling of our business has suffered some- 
thing in consequence. The mail parcels 
received daily at The Journal office at 
this reason range anywhere from 100 to 
500. The letters and parcels sent out are 
about the same. Our friends must appre- 
ciate the difficulty of handling this busi- 
ness with practically a green force. 

We consider this explanation necessary, 
as during the past month we have been 
behind with our orders. Many subscribers 
also complain of not having received their 
paper last month, or of having received it 
very late. This number is also a little 
late from the same cause. We are now 
even with the business again and every- 
thing is going -nioothly. 

The ci.osino installment of our " A< ro.s 
the Continent " Series was crowded out 
of this number. It will be printed next 
month. The grand Yellowstone Park will 
furnish the inspiration. 

School and Personal. 

— I. W. Piersou, the veteran penman, has 
gone to Chicago to instruct the students of 
Bryant's Business College in the mysteries of 
the chirographic art. Pierson has won his 
spurs as a teacher and a writer 1 >v years of de- 
voted service, and is in all respects qualified to 
become director of so important a branch of 
study in <me of the foremost schools of com- 
nii.ii.ial training hi the world. 

— After a 15 years' connection with the 
Zanesville, Ohio, Business College as student, 
teacher, principal ami joint proprietor, Prof. 
H. B. Parsons severs his connection with that 
institution, and on April 1 will open the Na- 
tional Business University, at Columbus, Ohio. 
He is a thoroughly capable instructor, a mas- 
ter of his art, and is bound to meet with suo 

— This i- from the Clipper, Burlington, Vt. 
of January 3: "Evans' Business College, 
Burlington, opened Wednesday, after the holi- 
day vacation, with an increased attendance. 
E. G. Evans, the principal, is a thorough and 
practical business man, and (hiring the time he 
has been connected with the institution (some 
five years! he has greatly added to its facilities 
and usefulness, until now it ranks with the 
best business colleges in the country. Its in- 
creasing number of students attests the fact 
that it is being so recognized. A special 
teacher is in charge of the Shorthand. Depart- 
ment. We can heartily recommend it to all 
seeking a business course." 

— We have received a handsome engraving 
showing the beautiful buildings of the Sforrell 
Institute, late the College of Art and Com- 
merce, Johnstown, Fa. The attendance at 
this institution now exceeds 'M0, and is fast 
growing. Messrs. Bennett & Greer, are the 
enterprising proprietors, 

— J. M. Wade. Emlcuton, Pa., reporls very 
gratifying success in imparting penmanship 
instruction by correspondence. He' advertises 
in The Journal. 

—The graduating exercises of the Sacra- 
mento, Cal., Business College occurred on 
January 1 The students were addressed by 
Hou. M. M. Estee, of San Francisco, nationally 
known as the presiding officer i.f the National 
Republican < '<>n\ cut ion at Chicago liisl summer. 

— Johnson & Osborn say they are exceeding 
th.-ir .-xp.-i-i.itn>!!> in the attendance of their 
Business I Diversity, Buffalo, N. Y. They 
issue an extremely neat college paper and gen- 
eral circular literature in keeping. 

— Crondle writes us that the Northern Illi- 
nois Normal School, at Dixon, 1ms passed 
through ,i vi'ur ..| unexampled prosperity , with 
brightest prospects for the future. 

— A pushing man is G. Bixler, >i (Vooster, 
Ohio, lb makes money on both his school and 
publications If you should ask him to tell you 
the secret of his success he would do it in two 
Judicious advertising." 

I'll. ]■ .i .--I apli appended is Hipped from 

till' I 1(11-1. \ . 111.. I'.,,l„ ./,,.,, .,,,! ,,C J; .,, , _>'-, 

" Prof. 1'i.libiig Schotield. 1 li<- :i< c.miplislu.l 
teacher and pen man ■ .t" tin i ;. m ' it v i . .||. „:.■ 

was 7i -i. rdaj the recipi ent ol d Bui silfc gold 

i'1-i'.. ■ . i • ■ ■ .- .■ 'i i-h i.-iinfhilh 

Hi' ' ,'.-..., ..;,', ,., .1 ... 

i _ i hum be :i.i'. hi. anient ot his 

A ' u ■ bb Issues a circular ol his E7ash> 

vill.', [Vim., i.itle-c that is bnth artistic and 
liii-iiics-iik,. Wcl.l, is one of the real artists 
ol the profession. 
—A miniature brochure from E. M, Char- 
I Hi , . I',,-. I, . [si . 
ceptinnally attract ive in it- :n langemeut and 

-lie- cu-i,t\cil Neu War -i-n-ting from 
Hcnr\ r .-in. I Mr.-, Sara A Spun vi . . .| the 

Spencer Business College, Washington, is 

tin uiilnifliniciil . it il.'iiiihn.-- .in. I iii'atucss. 

— W. H. Shaw has issued an elaborate and 

beautiful ealaln-iie. selliiej I. a ll, the advan- 
tages.. f hi, I Vntral Humuc-s i ..ll.^e Stratford. 

Ont. He acoompanies il with o map, which is 

a pleasing novelty. 

— -I >ale\ i lie. Miss., has a flourishing commer- 
cial ■ II. i and it- name is the Cooper Normal 
College excellent ta>te is shown in the cata- 
logue of the institution. 

— B. J. Kncitl. of Stratford, Ont., has given 
up the proic. i,,)i ,,| iiciimanship ti. ui^ii^e in 
.iMilrii.-ili-rn. Ill riiinicetinii with Mayor butler, 
of that citv, he is conducting the Stratford 


—To A. K. liutcs.— People who write us for 
inl < should —ml th.-u addi. --. which 
you failed to do. Anv eraser u ill .-■ th.- 
surface of a highly polished board. We know 
of no better eraser than sponge rubber care- 
fully handled. 

—The Stockton, California, Business College 
and Normal Institute is m its 14th year of 
siic.-es.ful opuatioii. Trask- <v llnnsuv. the 
proprietors, say their prospects are brighter 

—For many years we have enjoyed the per- 
sonal acquaintance of Kane Hi. h.nd-on, who 

is eoiidiiciiii- ;t shorthand - 1 1 ul No Iff! 

Euclid avenue. Cleveland, oh,... UV there 
fore speak warrant, .is ,',.| \. . ,-. ih.-ilth. 

pUl'lls « In. |.|.,.',. T Ih.-ir.-.'l ■. .'- (Huh I Ins tuition 

"'ill ii. ive all that he inns | ins,- both m 

quantity and quality. 

— C. H. Gorsline, a graduate of the State 
Norma] School, Albans . and i... ■ 
connected with the \n , Busim • College, i« 

now viee-prmeipni of the public schools of 
•'•■ i w Bi i ;hton, Staten bland. !(<■ isthespeciaJ 

insti u.-ioi- ,,, vi ritiiig. and beiny a good teacher 
and an admirable penman, i- .j.ttui- e\ei llenl 


— L. D. Hoback, an excellent penman, takes 
theplace vacated by I, W. Pierson as teacher 
of writing at Kllioffs Husine- College, Bur- 
lington, !o" a. 

!(<•■<>> <l each month. His education and ex- 

perfeni e as an arebitect, added bo bis skill with 
the pen, is gaining (or him deserved honors. 
—Prof, B. P. Keiiev, of Thb Journal staff 

r.'-.-eiill\ iecave.1 ti hi- p.| i .i.'Lvs in 

; III-. 

VI,,,,,] ,, 


—The increase of our mail by several thousand 
letters during the past month onaceount of lh< 
voting on our prize-flourished specimens, ridded 
j to the normal increase for the in , season 
makes it Impossible f or us to notice one twen- 
tieth "' the handsome letters and specimens 
that have been received. U'e will take up a 
few that are most convenient at band 

-C N. Faulk, Sioux I it} lo ■ 
Ma i pi.'iu bird Bona isl 3 id' oeO. L GuUickS 

son, Dixon, III. ; J. a. C ver-. Owenvilli 

Ohio, and C.G. Pechner, Nen Berlin, Texas. 
The latter also sends cords and various meel 
mens, all creditable, 

— An unique conceit in the way of pen draw- 
ing ami Bonti-fl ishin 

Chase, ol the Hiawatha, Kan. , lai-auc- Col 


— L. E. Lelane. Beatrice, Neb., ■■■ 

foi a -i oi oniia !■■. ■ Kpitalf ■ ■ ■ 

ly •M'Uiled .sl-ii.ltures and ;i l.n d I le is 

a pi sing "/oung penman. 

—From J. r. Perry. B s(u<leii( [oWfl 

Cmuieieial I 'ollcg-.', Ilavenp. .it . ■ ■ ■ 

ii. iih cecii te,[ .-aids and a nice set of Italian 

capitals Tin- best set ol Italian ■ 

thei ti, is from thep. n ol A E 

Parsons, ol Wilton Junction, I.,ua. He sub- 
mits miothei set of capitals oi unique design. < 

P» -VK 1 

—A model busini ■ li l*a < «"« "' f,m W- D 
■ iilmni. K. I. It wu intended (or 
hut was rooeiTed too 
_q p Adams, who forgot t.. . 

,..., ..; two etc ol busmen 
ojipjtab— one particularly deserving of note— 

„i, l ,i l have I 1 their wrj to our desk. 

_W. II Wagner, penman. High Point, N. «'.. 
and Stfj Hah Bet of capitals 
and small left 

liilfMll b 3 j, p, Howard, Bagawell, Tex. They 
,.,,,.,)„■ iM.rk of himself and his pupils. 

w , I,-,-, i- not seen a prettier tetter in many 
a day than one which comae from Miss Anna 
E Hill, conductor ol penmanship in the public 
., i,,,,!, ,,j Springfield, Mass, The writing is 
chaste, clear-cut and elegant in form and 
quality ot line. 

r ii -ii.'ink -ntnl specimens in the line of flour- 
ishing come from J. D. Briant. Racelaud, La., 

point. During this period hp used an oblique 
holder, but at length came bo the conclusion 
that the straight artic e was the better, and 
adopted it, at the same time modifying his 
views somewhat as to the coi red writing 

movement He sends us - (exercises which 

represent his present ideas, ar.d they are much 
better than the othoi • 

— Some very handsome ipeoimens of color, 
work with an automatic pen come I'nun s. T 
Grier, Barnesv i He. Ohio. He snlmm- ai tin 
same time commendation of his work by those 
well-known pen BrtiBtB, Uriah McKeo, Oberlin, 
Ohio, and C. P. Zaner, Columbus, Ohio. 

—In the line of engrossing, C. H, Blaksiee, 
New Haven, Conn., sends us photographs ol 
three ornamental pieces. One of them was 
executed in Germany, and bears a portraii of 
the late German Emperor, " Onser Fritz." AJ1 
of the work is very good. W, J. Elliott, pen- 
man of the Central Business College, Stratford, 

i 'nt.. sends specimens ;i photograph ol an orig- 

uto - some capitals and exercises, together with 

a written letter, which -|»:ik well !m hi- -kill 

--Tin l.llir-, I'i-ihm til'' following 

show them to be excellent penmen: 
J. E. Gustus, principal d tin i 

piu-tm.'iit i.t I" 

W. J. Ives, Business I oflege I ea 


Hoff. Des Moine: 


Term.; W. I. BumVi , l,viidcn~< ■'<>'<■ i ', \ t ; 

J. C. Kane, Ban a A Burnett 1 ! College, aalti- 

lunn.; F E. r. Miii,. Bir-hloid, N. Y.; Paris 

U Sic. I. lialci li. V I hu- I ..llr-gc: 

E. H. PriU'h, Noiih«e-tern Buiine- f..||. . . 
Wichita. Kan.; .1. F. Burner. Elko. Nev. ; 
A. II. Yatc-, Wolcyan 1 ihximIv, Kalma, 
Kan. ; ■' M. Adam-. Kurt Ann N N . a -Indent 
of The Journal who ha* evidently profited bv 
Comly S. L. Lobbl 1702 North 

\ tm 

days ag 

one ol the froi 


., 1., I„. 

1 Mil f1-.ll 1 } ■ 

- '1 

F'ENM \\ 

teUei wt 


sJMb i"i il 

/../,., i; , ,,.„.il. ill;,,,,/. \ V,— Isendyot 

nn ln-.t w i-i. I hi .Inn; 

Want to Exchange Specimens. 

Editor of Tiik Jotms u 

I am B'ith Mr. MorriSS in ice. ml I,, c\- 

changing specimens The last number of 
The Journal is immense. — A, ■>. Vol 

■ ■ i S <■>'■>'. 1 1 '' 

Editor of The Journal: 

When \,ni [ml.ilisli a lis) ul' lli.'M pen 

men who would like to exchangi ipeci 

S j'lHH'tEkt ]f 

ifr ; -^~v 

•■■'■■■• IC ll'hoto-E,uirare,l) Hulmiiltrtl ./<- 

Other Out is Likewise Shown Elsewher 
18 a is rncAes.) 

»nd Clarence K, OrmBby, si ,ii,„,i Springs, 

I 3h0W in an early number of TllK 

''"' Rnal a pretty piece of ornamental work 

" hepeu of the popular young artist, A. E. 

1 I " i l lewhurst has excellent 
'aato, is a hard worker, and will be beard from 

■' "' ll "- leaders in this hue 

. ■ 

" ' Martin, I Kan., send* capitals 

■" ,| ;l "' ata- -i.c-niicns. 

4 dsomelj engravi i amenta] busi 

■ ■ Rob. rl Philip Sacra 

""wito, Cai . and represents his work. 

11 " l "'- exon [sea are submitted by Frank 
1 a H li ! mlenton, Pa . 

■ ■■ "i ni B se1 of capital i agra ad 
11 l ' 1 " L Moth the writing and tin en 

■ ■ ranted byhimaaU an 

s ;.y ohavi - ■ "' ' rarciaes [rom \ 3 

; ^'"". Anu,,,.. . i. .. , e ■ ol them show 

W 'purelj mu .„ ' styli 

i"— uahe ipentagreal deal ol 

inal design by himself, "Inch fa |iartieiilurly 
strong in its lettering. Another specimen in 
kind is from the facile pen of E. L Burnett, ol 
StoweU'sB. & S. Business College, l'ro\ ideiiec, 
R. I. Burnett is thoughtful enough to rein- 
force this contribution with a striking photo- 
graph of himself, for which remembrance we 
are duly mindful, D. L. Stoddard, a promising 
young penman of Emporia. Kan., likewise 
sends us a port nu I ivpivncntiny himself m the 
attitude of exhibiting a framed piece of en- 

— T.J. Risinjei-, of the Utica Business College 
sends his compliments in a beautiful Christ- 
mas salutation. 

—William Robinson, WaahagO, Canada, con- 
tributes to our Scrap Book i \ nn i ol -| ,i 
mens, including a set of business capitals, 

cards and Hi !hes,allol which show him to 

be o clever penman. A creditable bird flourish 
bears the name of J, F. Cozart, Emporia, 
Kan.; another that of A. Garvin, of Garvin's 
1 ollege, Indianapolis, SOU othai 
flourishes come from S. B. Willie, t. Andover, 
Ohio, and K. C Wiles, Ong Neb., the latter 
who say,, he is only 1.". \ ears ,>M aLso c.nti il.- 

Bighteenth street, Philadelphia, Fa., Wesley 
B. Snyder, Lam-aster, Pa. ; H. A. Howard, 
Rockland, Me.. Business College; J. P. Byrne, 

J. -Mi'.n. N. V . liusines^ College; G. W. 

Wallace. Secretary o[ the Wilmington, Ii<-! . 

I '.iliillleicial C..||c-c i.i partlciilai Is hcantitni 

letter)i \ H. Cnapp, Weatfleld, Pat: Emma 

A Little Late in Getting Id Type, I 
too Good lo be Lowt. 
.1 //. Htnman, Worcester, Mast.— I 

just in receipt of cauls aimouucinu' the uia 
inouial union lictwecii 'f'n>- i.\'i in: 
youi'self. When, as a tathci l\ pi i\ d.-e 
gai c i hi the name « hi- E I' 

made famous I little thoughi vu »'.ui.l 

.'-niplclch .in ll, called , I ,n I. v.i i 

— Please toai 

; JOURHAL and Gazetti; " In tmlo 
s strength." 

in. ns of penmanship according to H. E- 
Morriss' article in The JOUBSAL, 1 wish 

you would put my name on the list, too. 

— V. .;. Frrhn.r, AtfW B.rlni. TtXCO% 

Editor op Tiik JOURNAL: 

The plan Mr. Morriss speaks of lias been 

in my mind for some time, and if writing 

would be acceptable to any .>! tlm jiro 

fessionals 1 would be glad to have my name 
on the exchange list, uml think at least 
myself would be benefited by so doing 

n i;,,,,.,. IrcMhaid Bu Col , Win 

Q l, G ckson, Dixon, III., and J. P. 

ii'. i m . .1 I..V. M. ,\ V Bufl Coll . also 

n rite to have their oami ■ pui on thi [i I 

[The b riterfl of the aboi i ore all good 

pi n men. as shown by I heir litters. Other 

parties wishing to exchange specimen! 

may have their names enrolled h\ untiiv 

to the Editor of the Joi tan il. I 


„;/ ' "■;'■ I : "'I ■■" " "•■ ' 

man's Am .InnivAi Uriel rilm-it in "'in, 

golldted i 


The i" Bbman class al i Ixford a » i - 652. 

\i ( ■ iiridaa there are 862 freshmen. 

\ cbartei oas been granti d ta Rutgei - 

| Miialr T ', .1 1. _j . ■ .■)ii]i'nwi-iii- !l '" ''"'il'-i- thr 

i iniv 10 high ■ liools "I l"" ;l P&3 f '" ' 

, , - , and of these tan fulfill the 

,i,,t i -.1 i il j pi incipal "i super intendent. 

c,,.,.!, [j no [on ■>■! d .■■•m|.iii'"iv BUbiecl for 

,,,ti; ■ "i Winchester, Harrow, and Marl- 

i gh, three oJ the greal English pubi™ 

Bel K 

Li-inned and ruhlwd hislmek with mum,--- ,.a 

, i i al Sol on's rod, li1 " wmins. 

in leafli 

■ the teackei di I- 

.1 1 ST FOB PI W- 

A whiskey glass is Erequentlj a cough-hie 

II,. ,1,, -.1.1,1 l»« pi 

1'iar. Tlmr- « liy li" joking al 1 the 

1 - » 0»di 

.... weakness an 

goraip Mid ii fchei 

|-|„-,,- :„■■■ t»" Hiii 

man s n lakni ■ I Ine is 
a go sip — n ashington 

is a woman %% i 1 ) always 

., ,1 I II 

■ i- ig theson ol a wealthy 

—Number 1. volume I, oi 

'.,(/,,„ .;,miI,, st T as, Ontario, isonour 

tebla It is a bright little eight-page paper, 
edited by Messrs, Phillips & Owl, proprietors 
.u the ' "ii' -■ ■ 

The Souf/i#m /' i is the nameofthe 

new journal published by L R. Walden, of 
the lustin, Tex., BusinesB College. We trust 

ii,. ;_i oial promoter of me enterprise will 

realize large dividends 

—The Practical Educator from the Osca- 
loosa, town,, Business Collage, is a well printed 
eompilntinu i if rut. i hiiinii. in iM. i 

—Prom Johnson ! Osl Buffalo Busl 

ueffl rjniversitj m ban the B m Wuco 

lor, a larye 12-p«ye paper, l»-:nitil ully j.rmled. 

and t Hume plates of Ml 

i isboi ii - hands i penwori are submitted. 

n„. s,,, „,,,ii.- ..I 1 1n- Richmond, Ind., Busi- 
I ollege, hassome pretty penwork, by W, 
il Bhrawder, the penman of the .school. The 
■e throughout, o. E. Ful- 
the head of the faculty. 

vncrrirtn Nrws from theSpeiieerian 

Bvaland, Ohio, is a new paper, and 
lonJy neat aud pretfcj one Ufred 

,.-i ■ ■ 1 1 l . . .i lafl 'i" 1 " I -"i 1 '"■' 

.t.'illilill- tin- reasons lor In- [i|-(« 
—Mr. Henrv Clews' book. ' 
S sore In Wall Street," has beer 

uant I" kmiM what Mr, CI 
In. _'-■ vi-mV experience in 
-I- i urmsiH ."it 

n I who has grad- 
$25,000 spenf on 
marriage, hold 
i-i gossip oi -i tin 

Willie. \..l ■, .!■. -A- 

Willie — ' Al- i ' -I 

ii has i noticed that a t 

her education will, after 

clothespins in lier mouth a 

back fence while banging oui 

like other women. 

The infant-class teacher « 
out the fact that David wa 
oocupations. The quesl * 

Tlie youngster ipiiekly answered: 

Teacher—" Il you .lo m<>1 study your lessons 

and became bo interested that he forgo! to 
breathe and died.— IAfc 

"Wllh the hlHHSect »t all when It fell lilt" 

mi- water, pou 

v < 1 1 v -■ 1- el.l ll '■ V lllllil.'. 

■ \\\~ go in the tape depa 

von m ill never ellmli the ladder . >f fame. 

Bad boy 
Bad boy—" 'I ";mi-> Hi. o I 


my pants before I gol balj 

v •!"■ ii\ .-I 

Scholar Interrupting) " l live it up. I'm 

tig] tg calculator." 

An " I 

SUit i 

le linliiin 
me pupil 
er. TV- 
nt-il. lull 

Schoolal i arliali indwasi 

" What u'auie ilu you scholars play the 

lUC'wl J " ilimiireil one o| the sell.*.] 1 i ii- I, ,-, 

" Hookey ! " erinl the Imys, in Ullisoli. — Ih'i - 

IV.-i.l. i.l - V.-. Mi Siiar.pec, Ihe fii.ult\ 

: i thai foa have broken the rules, 
and there is no count for us but to suspend 

Student— '* ffm; how aboul suspending the 

■'tiive nu example." sail) Mi" I ,■ hi . I o .1, 

■ ol the gam rati n al bit - 11 it} ssion 

And .ImIuihv Weepmucb said aotliing bul 

Exchange Counter. 

Educational awl technical. 
The College Star, Hiram, Ohio, is a voi y 
considerable twinkler. 

— 1 (raid's Business ' 'oliege Journal, Han 
Francisco, is as crisp and \ igorous as Dvai*. 

—A. K. 1'ai sons 1- gn ing bds friends a verj 
5]>icy paper in the Normal, Wilton Junction, 

-I'll. 1, is a deal hi illteie^t intell l-.-llt 

1- opli 111 tin Pacific Business Colli ge B irfsio, 
San Pi tisca l' is edited t»j r, \ Robins m, 

W \ I I, -:,|. Ill -I til. (1. .Ill isl.ll.-. ■ ..Mi ■ 

—The Day Boo) . from Draki Jera Buf 

lie- t lollego, Is '■ pac( . pitbj and typi i iph 

ii iii\ excellent. 

11 nting Teacher, Wooster, Ohio, hears the 
imprasii ol its pi-oprietor's indomitable energy. 
Its new beading is a derided improvement. 

—The students mI the \tehls,>ll, Kail-, BUSL 

n ess College, publish and edil a very Teditable 
monthly papal called the College Review. 

-Our neighbor, the OS , «• |llLmi " 

street, New 7ork, has arranged three com- 
petitions in practical accounting, and offers 

•500 in i,i i/, - I lie-.eli.ioe s|«-al;s volunie.s for 

ln ( ti ,_ | ||„. directors ol this valuable 

publication, n isfully elaborated in the Da. 
cembei issue which you may get by sending 
ten cents to the addrt •■ above 

-Messra John C. BuckbeeS Co .publishers, 

I ,, |_-| Wid-a-liaseiiu. ..'hi.a-o.favoru^ 

a copy of the new "'Standard Bookkeeping, 1 ' 
i,, i,:, siayhew, ol Detroit. This new book 

business rtudi comprisins a wide range of 
work rrom the - mpli ' m i a of keeping no- 

ei Hint's lor fin huts, i haiiies and iiierrliauls, 

by single entry, to tho use ol doublt entrj for 

Ihe ui.. st e.imj.lieat-'d business of firms and 

join! stock c «nii - Thi author Bi-st -lis 

, ,,. ., ■ in , :■ mentfi ol the scieno Phi ■ ■ 
, ,..,.., Vl . steps are eas; progressive and full of 
Instruction. The studenl is led to o mpr 

|„.,,.| t .ill-hh theiuineiplesn, »hl. I. t h- 

.,.„ „,,. [s baaed Theseareal once applied in 

impl m i and in writiu 

up a, ts at businec ■ transactions I he lei a 

H,,,. masb i - "!■"■ hi worl "■< 

beginniiuj advi ■ rapidlj in it, and - 

on in trade and commerce unprecedented 

. ,,,-,,• .,,...-.. ,,, lln- lu-l.ii v -.1 ■"!■. '.Hi-'- nation. 

Ii. i i, has nearly «J« uuges, i aaifl 

,„liai1s..| leading men <.| the -Shv.-I It. is 

j ( ] al I ! 50 and "ill be supplied from this 


What is True Learning? 

EDITOH 09 Tin -l"i hN \i. 

Tr i i g does uol consist, as mam 

schools oofl make [I consist, in the knowu 
, .Il.ii- o1 I mguagi - bul in q know ledge "f 
ii,,,., i u ings to which language gives aamOffi 

lli, Qrt'Cks wrv :• \< ed |ie.,|ile, yet 

l„,i , ,, , language bul their own, Instead 

,,| | -elmols tlUl»lll Sell 

,,„i philosophy, ami ii is iii the things 
science and philosophj tench thai learnMg 


Nearly nil s.ienlilie leainln- ■ ■ I" 1 " 1 

.M.i- All that was one. resident 

in Hie dead Ian JU Igt 1, to l\ n ■ » 

.idel'ed useful knowledge, Is lni« L'l\ 

the living languages h "' 

,- mini, atii'H it Thl U | Il omilniali..a 

,. unknot a. Evt n I In pre idente snl 
professors is oai I niveraitii • bxi monj 

i- mi -d ii,, Ln-. i. an. I I ■ i in language] 

than the illiterate peasants of olden timea 

True learning should • sisl ii -■ " M ' lllC 

prat 1 1, d know ledge. New Ebj 

Instruction in Penwork. 

The open te\l in Hu- lessnn is made with 
., doubli pointed pen and rapidly, as par 
instructions in lesson ton. it is nol aeces 

8M t to Close the |"'ints in the principles 

with the double pointed pen, as the] can- 
not eo Uj be mode perfect. 

Close them, and draw the linos across 
the broad end ol the strokes with a com- 
mon pen. To put on the shading turn 
the letters bottom aide from you, and com- 
mence with the heavy lines al the base. 
The Bhading on "Richard's" is done 
with white Ink, and the position of letters 
should be the same as in shading the open 
ones ii gold ink is used the effeel will 
hi' mtv rich. The ornamentation around 
these names is done n itfa the forearm 

\iiintii. Ii.>liliii;_: Mh' pi'ii as in writing, 

excepting, of course, the little touches 
like . 

Two styles of figures aregiven, appro 
priate for German text or Old English. 
Nil pencil outlining should be used in any 

of this work. In ■ nexl lesson we will 

nore elaborate lettering. 


:ient Copyist, 
"in ol Existence in 

traduction of Mh Ti v 

l i-il. r 

The introduction of the type-writer 1ms 
driven the ancient copyist entirely out. of 
existence. Before modern mechanical in- 
genuity devised this meant 
the deficiencies of bad iui 

sides. Altogether, the copyist in a large 

f I » i : 1 1 ir 1i;mI his hands full throughout the 
season. Independent of the theater were. 

also, men who had made a trade of copy- 
ing i>i >\ i legal documents and manu- 
scripts f».r publication. Thai there WOS 
quite a n bet of these mighl be inferred 

altered all this. There is a type-writer's 
desk in every hotel office, and type writ- 
ing establishments all over town. You 

now have your manuscript converted I n 

book evon bi tore II goes to the printer's 

hands. Indeed, there are publil tiei ItD 

(this city who send manuscripts to the type- 


: ' 

l x 13ty567$ip 

Sng-raved from Fen^and Tnh Copy by u it fCibbe, and Presented I 
Us Lesson on this Page This Cut is Repeated from Last Issue, < 
i Accidentally Omitted from thai Issue. 

plays which are acted and the hooks which 
are sent to the press are bul a drop in the 
huge bucket of production, consequently 
the prosperity of the type-v. riter cannot be 

gauged by He' ai mi of matter actually 

made public 1 know one woman who 

Ice* e bui ii"-'- of i opj ire.: plays alone, 

and who keeps from three to a half-dozen 
girls continually busj . she once informed 

BOW Some Bin Men Write 

Historian Bancroft uses a stenographer 
and typewriter, but he thinks 850 words 
q good day's work, and James <;. Blaine 
thought he was doing well when he ac- 
complished 1500 words of a morning. One 
of the fastest writers among the public 
men of to dav is Admiral Porter, whose 

brain works like the wheel of n dynamo, 
throwing off sparks at every turn, and 

across the paper at 






of the 

,i 1 v 2600 

iluding Suuda 

The hook IS 88 Dig as a dictionary, and 

contains from Ton, (Miu to 600,000 words. 
During many of these days he did not 
write at all, and his average during his 
working period ran as high as 5000 words 

a day. Admiral Porter is fond of writing. 

lie never uses anything now but a lead 


^l^'-K^tifo,..-^ II 

Photo-Engraved ffam Rwi and-Ink Copy Executed by S, it. Webster, Moor's Business College, Atlanta, <■•> 

Was quite B trade driven l.\ the 

in thi copy ing of plays especially he found 
constant employment, Each theater usu 

ally had a copyist attached tO its staff. 

Sometimes he was the prompter, who thus 
added to his emoluments, and at others an 
entirely independent member of the com- 
pany- W inn a plaj was sect pted several 
■lean copies bad to be made of the com- 

Pl< te work, one for the prompter's use and 

■ || " '- foi presi rvation in case of accident. 
Each part had also to bi copied ofl foi 

each individual player, and the directions 

for the 


el property 

from the fact that at one lime they had a 
sort (1 f an exchange in Onion Square, 
where they used to gather daily and very 
often work among the heir mugs on the 

Endi od, beer was as essential o fluid to 
the professional copyist as ink. Me was. 

as a rule, a decidedly Minify and grubby 
person, given to ehronie alcoholism, and 

as careless in his attire as he wai uregulai 
in his habits. MobI of these men had been, 

I fancy, actors, Imt if they acted no better 
than they wrote. | do not wonder at their 

change of profos 

wadays we ha 

writer to be copied in order to save the ex- 
pense of the innumerable coirections b] 
the pi inters which would be necessitated 
by the had handwriting of the author. 
There is a firm of young women who make 
ii pccinll v of handling manuscripts of this 

sort, and who somehow or other eonl riv 

to extract sense, as well as dollars for 

themselves, out of manuscript beside which 

Horace Greeley's was t opperplate. 

In addition to books which are printed 
and plays which are acted there are, as 

may he imagined, a g 1 many thai never 

,,. the light of public day Indeed, the 

pencil, and he says he cannot think 
without he has his pencil in his hand 
had a slight attaek of pen para I', a- ■- 

. act win 

finger tout hes thi iteel ol the pen. 

ii. i his novel writing for amuse- 
ment, mmI he wrote ■* Allan Dare" with- 
out any idea thai it would be published, 
much ' less dramatized. Be stands up 
while writing, and, when he becomes in- 
terested, he works right along for hours 
at a time. 

George Bancroft works only in the 




For more elaborate descriptions and richly illustrated list send ten 
i-nts for The Journal for December, 1888. The following list contains 
uany of our best premiums, but it is not complete. 


For $1.00 we will send Tin; Joins 
gant premiums free. 

Lord's Prayer 

Flourished Eagle 

Flourished Stag 
Ccnten'l Picture of Prog 
Granl and Lincoln Eul( 

■ with choice of the folio 

These premiums b 

elegant specimens of i 

h< placeoJ M13 of 

Si/c, l!) \ •-)!. 1 i rant Memorial Size. 22 x 38. 

" >4 x 33. Garfield Memorial. . . " 19 x 24. 

" 24x32. FamilvRrcnl " 18x29. 

ess. 24x28. Marriage Certificate.. " 18x23. 
*v (our newest Pen m unship Premium ), " 24 x :i'J. 
out exception careful reproductions of some of the mosl 

k i \ n -hewn in this country. Price by mail, BOc i a< h 
re, asubscribei remitting$1.00 for The Journal may re- 
\i Ames 1 Oopy Slips, or a copy of Amof Guide to Praoti- 
bound in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.2."). 
!ira have reached a tremendous sale and are taught from 

ir^ colleges and classical schools of this Country and 
isary to make a good, practical business pen- 
For $2 we will send The Jodkkai. one year, 
the fft»*<Z«*in'clotn and a"copy of "the Standard Practical Penmanship. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subscriptions fur 'I'm 
JouiiNAi,, we offer a number of valuable xfinu) or >.rtr» premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement each subscriber will also be entitled 
to choice of the regular premiums enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of the club. Where premiums are seat by express the receiving party will 
have to pay the express charges. 

For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Ames 1 Quid* in 

For #10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Anus Compendium of Practical •>„,! (),-- 
iKinuiititl !'• ■Hiii.inxhi/'. The price of this superb work, recognized as the standard, is 
$5, We have heretofore sent it with a club of twelve. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Anus' list !'• /i», 

For $2, two subscriptions and a book of Recitation* and Headings, comprising 
a, a rii/ t'o'ir hundred standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 
■Ve. The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction. 

For $2. two subscriptions and the following standard work Hish<rij »f ih< I'niUd 

State* to i \ tological Order, from thi Discovery of America in 1492 to the year 

l 1 "^ in- hiding nuiiee- u( Manufacture- u they were introduced; of other Industries; 
ol I! ailruad-. Canal-. T- h graphs and other Improvements; of Indentions, Important 
i:\ent-. .\.e. IS\ EMolM I l>. Printed from large type on line paper, hand- 
somely bound in cloth wilh ink and gold side stamp. Regular price, $1.00. 

For $0, six subscriptions and the following photographic outfit by express 
77m Wonder Gameraj a child ten years old can make a picture. It consists 
of n beautiful little camera covered in imitation morocco, and will make a photo- 
graph %\\\\ inches in size, and is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Lens It also 
includes six Li-htning Dry Plates, two Japanned Iron Trays, two Bottlesof Developer, 
one package Hyposulphite Soda, one Printing Frame, six sheets each Silvered and 
Blue Print Paper, one Bottle of Gold or Toning Solution, twelve Card Mounts, one 
Plate Lifter, one Sheet Ruby Paper and full directions for making Ruby Lamp 
This outfit contains all that is needed to mafo and complete a photograph. 

For $!>, nine subscriptions and the " I'niijiu " Ttl,'i/rn/di (hiiiil by express. This 
simple and neat combination set is made for our use by the Nt \\ Haven ('Jock Co., of New- 
York, It is both cheap and practical and thoroughly well made. Though designed 
for use ui learners, it is no toy, but may be used on private lines from a few feel to 
several miles in length. Two outfits of course are needed if two persons wish to both 
send and receive messages. The two cells will operate a line not exceeding 1UU feet 

in length; Xtra cell should he added lor >-\ cry I'.'ilo |,-,-i . \-\\\r.\ rr II.- eo-l ; . > eenl- 

eaih, and i \tra spools of wire of 100 feet length 7.1 cents each. Full instructions, al- 
phabet. iVe., accompany each outfit. We will furnish extra suppdes either lot rash or 

r $10, ten subscriptions and a Celebrated Flooert Rifle, Bern 

stock, case hardened, pistol grip, checkered and 22 caliber. Sent h\ * 

,. oiled 

i the quality of material and workmanship. 
For $25, twenty-five subscriptions and an elegant Br,,ch-L,i,id,,„j Ih.uhl,- 
Barrel Shot Gun with hading aft complete. This is a rare bargain, the gun selling 
icadih at s:„'0. This is I he cheapest nli'ihh breeeh-loading fowling piece of which 
ue h iv< any knowledge, and will do all the work of a much more cxpen-ive gnu 
Sent bj expn be 

For $30. thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Extra Heavy Rolled Gold PlaU 
Watch, worth $26. Elegant Hunting Case Plain oi Engine-Turned Bach and Front. 

with or without monogram a time-piece of the first excellence, with Sweep •* i 

■ no i \ packed in a wooden box and sent by express 
to subscriptions and< toiceol the following stand- 
The celebrated Attn Edition of popular twelve 
•one hundred volumes of themoe 
b ioh - Eai h book is bound 
with a b autiful black and gold 
Ik ribbon marker. 


The retail price of these works 
speak for themselves 

seventy-live cents per volu 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Charles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works iu print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when scut otherwise 
than us a premium. 

Jj^T'A present subscriber sending subscriptions to secure any of the above 
special premiums may include his own renewal among the number. In that 
case his time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
us that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify us at the 
time of sen-din r/ the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should Btart out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following Premiums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following i-- a special premium offered to any /irrm-ut sufmrriJn r who 
will send us one new subscription (with regular premium) and $1 to pay for 
same The new subscription must not be his own renewal nor that of any 

other present subscriber. 

Four Books in One! No Household is Complete Without It I 



« e VnawVrDO amu^-mTa' 


■'■■ ■'," • ''.' 


lor F.I 

™2»S eS!ffo!S!™«* 


The 1. .1 lowing is offered as a special premium to any pnnntt xulisrrih. r who will send 
u- two ncu -oh-. Hpt ions (each wilh regular premium) and $2 to p iv for same. The new 
aubi ripl ions must not include his own renewal nor that of any other present subscriber, 


\. 13. T * A l"'^*'. Publisher I'inmas 

Our Barefoot Boy*. 

When in Boston Matthew Arnold was 
greatly struck, says the Bo$ton Harold, by 
the democratic government of our read- 
He entered a reading-room 
one day, and saw a small, barefooted 
Itting in "I!-' ol the best chain, 
himself to the utmost. The 
. ■ i i woe amazed, and asked: 
"Do von allow barefooted boya in tin* 
reading-room ? You would never sec such 
a sight aa that in Europe. I do not be- 
[ieve there ifl a reoding-room in all Eu- 
rope in which that hoy, dressed as he is, 

Then Mr. Arnold went over to the hoy, 
engaged him in conversation, and found 
that he was reading the "Life of Wash- 
ington," and that he was a young gentle- 
man of decidedly anti-British tende IE 

iind, for' lii- ■■'->■. niiimkulily ivell in- 

Mr. Arnold remained talking with the 
youngster for some time, and. as be came 
iiway, he said: " 1 do not think I have been 

. im|ii.--i il with any* hin« else that I have 
seen since arriving in this country as I am 
in. w with meeting this barefooted boy in 
(he reading-room. 1 ' 

A Dutchman whose son had been em- 
ployed in an insurance company's office 
was met by an acquaintance who inquired : 
"Well, Mr, Schnider, how is Hans getting 
along in his new place ?" 

" Shoost sphlendid; he vos von off der 
directors already." 

"A director! 1 never heard of such 
rapid advancement — the young man must 
be a genius." 

"He vas; he shoost write a sphlendid 
handt. " 

"Ohyes, plenty oj people write good 
hands, but you said Hans was a direc- 
tor ! " 

"So he vas" (indignantly) "he direct 
dem circulars ten hours eferv day -i\- 

Pbbils of Education.— Uncle Rastus 
(to his young hopeful) — " 'Dolphus, vo' 
young rascal, yo' take dat shite pencil 
nuten yo' mouf, and stop chewin' it ! " 

'Dolphus — "Yes, pa." 

Uncle Rastus— "Don" yo' know it am 
dangerous to de limn' ob de stummack to 
hi n slate pencils? Some day eddication 
will kill yo 1 , chile, kill yo' sho." 

National Business University 

uplily cducnted 

I Minted l.v tin* Prt-s- 


ILI, ENGAGE my services to a 
clegs Business School, Tenyr-nrs" 

■ i.'i College work i 

letor References and specimens n d< ■ 

W AN TE»-O 0( ,,l » 11UI for business colle^ 
"j Western cttj mi,-i have one to three 

i ""' ,wmi1 "- V...-U. I HmMimid 

Allege la business corporation with capita] 
stock ucooa .\, i, i,-, -. 


Pe an'a Art Journal 


chanyo of in,.«.*t — — 

hrnnder fields 
address the 

W A. HoCord, Manager. Dee Moines, Iowa. 

th ^ best positions fort hi- i 

larger salaries, should 

> enrol! in order 


lO Ceuts. 


10 Cents. 

ll> tents. 


10 Cents. 

1-12 515 East State Street, Trenton, N. J. 



can Buy One-Hundred Sets of Blanks 

for Banking at one fourth their 

cost by addressing 


l 608 Washington St.. Boston. Mass. 

» LB. 

, N. Y. 

l>l'ilir.'ip;sl lni.-tiR-^ lillil.llllir. it nil cli.'j/iilit 1\ noil 
comi'leti'lj I'll! nislicd. l'-lalili-lli-il I H-.i jr;ir. 

and doing u prontuble business. Address 


Care oJ 1>- T. Ames, 205 Broadway, New Vmii 




..i-k i! 

■ 111 :vrk . ■ I li,t 

Accountants pre 



ii li nnivn--:il sriti>f;u')i..n .i« AMI'S' KKST PEN. 

:. i-lkil. 

I the peat they e 

writers and penmanship experts u 


Because In giving our order I" tlie leading En<:!i-h r*n-makeis, we didn't a-k for the ehoitpeat article 
but for tlio bust. ■' l'ai> tlw li'-i tiiiiiiuiil i.i.i i n ii.!. , i. i- in-n u, ri'jid, " put. v..iir most skill* < 
\wrkm<ii ..u uur ordeis. lint, i -i in J, 1 1 !■:■ k ..i.d ,H... L i-b uur ptu>, su > . .<( . iui twiyi-iii i 

the lot." " r 

Th it is precNelr li:»< been done. Is it any wonder that the output Is the very bi>( steel pen l ha 

quote the following: 

From a. barrel full 

The No Plus Ultra or P 

So writes J. P. Medsger, professional 
penman. Jacobs Creek, l J a : 

" Aims' Best Pens received. I do not 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine poinlcd, durable, flexible ami 
quick action." 


of ' 

i.l in 

the Tubllc Schools of liiidgepo 
Ames' Best Pen — I like it and use it. 

, Warren II. Lamsok. 

From the Joint Author of a " Series i 
Lessons In Plain Writing." 

" I have given Ames" Best Pen 
thorough trial and take pleasure io recon 

incudiuir it ;is fir>t r t.<> > iu every respect." 

H. J. Pdtuas, 

Minneapolis, Minn, 

Ugh trlaj I cun safely say 

" After a th< 
ihnt Ames" Best PSBS are excellent. 1 have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

W. J. Kinsley, 
Slienandoah, la. 

and unqualified approval. Iu fact I 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please fiud $1, for which 
please send me a one-gross box. 

James, \V. Haukixs. 

Teacher of Writing in the. Curtiss Commer- 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn 

Distances nil Competitors. 
" Ames' Best Pens beats alt I have ever 
had before." P. B. S. pETElia 

Professor of Penmanship, 81. Joseph, Mo. 
Price 35 cents a Quarter m 

Ames' Best Pen. If you had named 
"The Best" no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixler, 

American Pen Art Hall, Wooser, Ohio. 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them toall 
desiring a smoolh, easy and lasting pen." 

E. L. BlIltNETT, 

Bryant <£■ Stratlon Business College, Provi- 
dence, P. I. 

"For a pen that combines the essentii 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing an 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior t 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Penman and Artist, Kashiille. Tenn. 


■■ Mark.- 

' 'I have given A mes' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion tbat 
they are indeed rightly named. They arc 
the most durable pt-ns I have ever used." 
A. E. Dewhuiist. 

Artist Penman, Utica, JSf. Y. 

On the Top of the Heap. 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 
Peirce Business College, Keokuk, la. 

1 So Say TVe All. 

" I like Ames" Best Pens very much." 
C. S. Chapman. 

lo/ra Businiits '_'"/%.■, lM:i Moiria, Li. 
iss box. $1.00 a gross box. 




COLLEGE, Nowork, N. J- 
nch College, 264 and 266 West 

125th Street, New York. 
..DUDLEY. It. -i. I. nl I'.m. i|.:il. t ,h 

Pernin Universal Phonography. 

• ami ri.llci.-i- Join n:il 
W Pi-in 



GIDEON BIXLER. PnblisHer. Wooster. Olio. 

SHORTH AND b "SXffirsoSIf 1 " 

CYCLOSTYLES, B g; c X" h i!;, e «'°' 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mutl. The bast system and thorough 
Instruction. Send stamp f..r pamphlet and spec! 

S^ C?{\ A n.:it box (.'oiitiiliiirirf ■ 

1 ,OUi ploto on tut for Slii.riluiini 
mplls, sinili .n note Looks, pencils, p.'im. nihh.-i 
. . ,.■., will t.c Tiit, ]".st[.iild. or • \ 
.rt-s.-siiu'*' [.ivpiil.l, to liny part of the UutWa ^tftUis 
un receipt of SI. 60. Address. 

S. S. PACKA1U), 
Hf 805 Uroadway, New York. 


Standard Typewriter. 


327 Broadway New York. 

rOH ..Mi. BS 
834 Chestnut St. 
20 1 Washington St. 
Le Droit Building. 
9 N. Charles St. 
1 2 Third St. 
1 96 La Salle St. 
308 N. Sixth St. 
I 16 E. Third St. 
84 E. Market St. 
322 West 9th St. 
St.. . 

St. Louis. 
St. Paul, 





La Salle St. 


| fin .,..,„. .icI win',, I |...-,li..i,-' | ..J | :i-H.- 

tu<l..i^t:dby I.OOtl (fraJijaii-^. 

\iitl,..r uii.l ln?truulur. 
y„ik, N V 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

iii \. i hi ate and Reliable. Send stamp for u 
■ ■...- rented "ii tiiiil. 
St. I,ouU. Mo. 
11-12 Priet SsOUMd to »3.-.. 



anteed a pi. ail 

tu'i.s. UU ii'w.l|e 
l i rial. Orel ti 


fns.-tn;.rirn: s-rn. 
MOKE. Iiiairi 
\V ..-sttrn N..nm 

ii .1 begin this 
i J ppewrltlag, 



Give mc a trial order, readers, and 
I will do my best to please you. 
Send U. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the following: 

s\ ,ii in of Copies arranged [or home or 

office practice, fresh from my pen 35c 
a complete Compendium of Written 

Copies and Kxenises for gaining per- 
fect control ol the muscular movement, tl-OO 
Combined Capitals. 80 

\ arii iv Capitals ^ 

Large sheer! filled with nn -i^imiui. ., 

including your own. 25 

16 Plain White Cards, with your name... .20 
1."i Kimr ]>l\ WmIiIih- Bristol, with name. .25 

15 liili Edge, with Dame 25 

[5 Plain Bevel, with name 30 

16 Sold Bevel, with nam.' 30 

15 Oilt-Edgt' AsmulvJI mi ii. i -, with name. .S, 

. 63, "STATION W.," 


The International Penman, 

Iv liv I). M.l.n. hh.,1. 
.iim.iii .if the Canada 
l Chatham, Oct., is a 
Ytiimiiislli|) and I'riu-- 

-ims by Mr. Mrl.nchlan 
. which will be contin- 
r Is months, 





Is uow one of the departments of Loa AnReles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My school by mall is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for #5 00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our personal 
Instruction will find no bettor place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal Specimens of our best work 30 
ota. D. B.WILLIAMS- Princpal, 


c orrespondence 

business College 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By uk'hiih nf direct Person,.! Corres|i.iinleuce. 

The First School of Its kind in America. 



Ativ ..f the f.tllmvin-- . 

..f eriee. lit.: ]-v pi I) f.m 

when so stated): 

■ remitted iifri'h.iTuli/.' 

mental Penmanship - $5 

Ames' Hook of Alphabets. . 
' Guide to Practical 

Uivtiji,, ill |rl]iiT "J te ; lli . 

Ariics." i.'.-pv Mips ri>r >c\1 '-Learners. 50 

Williams' and Packard's Hems 5 00 

Standard Practical Peiniiniisliip, I . % tin' .spi'ii- 

cet Brothers 1 00 

Now S| i.' ia'i '111111 r, tin | urn Hun i. complete in 8 

, five slips, iV ; complete 

Little's Illustrative ll.unlbook on Drawing. . 

ii rant Memorial iixart iiiuhei 

Family Record 18x&! " 

Marriage Certificate., 18x22 " 

Garfield Memorial 19x24 " 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 " 

,.hi , 

84.5.1- I 
■iiard,!) sin 


I per sheet, by e 


French B. B., 24x34. * 

Ul;tr:k Card board , 22xiS. fur white ink. 

,', iter looo, by express 

Blink Cards, | 

Drawing paper, bot>pres3, 15xS 




I'i.'imh d lmlia Ink. per bottle, by e 

. India Ink Stick 1 00 

Amen 1 Penmen's Pavoritc No. 1, per pro: 

" & gross 

i;'- .",0:i Steel Pens, pergross 

speneerian Artistic No. II, per cross 
Kngfossitic Pens fur lettering, per do/, 
I'row-iitiill Pel i, very line, for drawing, d 

■ End 

student* now eg'utertd from every Statt and 

Territory and Marty all British American AveuttMf. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 








Writing and Measuring Knler, metal edged.. 

Nfw Improved Pantograpli, for enlargint; or 
diminishing drawings 

II' ail v Hinder, a Simple devieo for holding 
papers . 

size, very durable.. 

common Sense Binder, a fine, otiff, cloth 

hinder, .lui una i. size, very 
Ko|| Blackboards by express, 

no: 2; " 2Wx3M feet!;;!!;;.".!.'!!'.:!:"! 

"" 3. " 3 n " 

Cloth, one yard wide, any length, pel 

yard, Minted both sides 

N... i. 
Stone C__... 
yard, slated 

Liquid Slatli 

. best In use, for walls o_ 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 


.11 good bank note paper is kept la stook, and 

of mall 

proportions , tin' lulls arc 

which are printed on sheets 

fvff, 2 ten*, and one each of 
,1,000 dollar notes. 
The proportion in w liieh the different deiiomlna 
lions are printed is that which long experience lias 
demonstrated to best meet the demands 

the Script 111 ol 

The fractional 

in the denominations 

nm s .Wsand 1,000's, 

.it fifteen bills each. They 

and 1,000 dol 
In which Hit 

printed is that which long 
rated to best meet tl " ' " 
vonience in business practice. 

except upon specialoruer and t 


Fractional Currency per 100 n 



are kept in stock find sent b 
press 30 cents each, or $3.00 
[or new and special designs 
have stook diplomas tm hi 
miscellaneous Insulations. 


quailed.. Send for 

Of 1 

tof I 


e thousand 

peared in Ti 

duplicates Will oeiii 
We will supply, at publish*™ 

work tin penmanship in print 

lug, eonimereiid arithtuotio 1 


Send lb.- money with 

by express, 

- publications, 
, any standard 

mil, una 1 

by wi'itiiii: 11 

I los- 

1 will 1 

goods, and all < 

goods will be sent I 
protect ns again 

1- h lie in .thr 

:n are assured o( prompt and eflieleut s 
Address, T>. T. AMES, ' 

306 Broadway, New 

&//fre i /?/r>/'J 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional usu and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 





^rfi^-^Viinjiii ■ lijfi 

Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Stroke. Sample eel of Ihrce -i/.cs by mall, 81. oil. 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 




By Dvr,Hew SHiSSfte PR,DCE5J* 

fej Crow? 1 ' 3 ""' ^ r %Trl*.Wi 






Counting-House Bookkeeping," 

Private SoboolB fot 

best Pen in the U. S., and best penman use 



119 4 121 William Street, N. Y. 

$2.00 for $1.00. 

The i" -i -ti'i i i BngliBh manufacture is 

worth |1.D0 i" r gross 

The Pcirce Philosophical Treatise ol Pe on- 

ship, which ooutniua rou quoatfons and 700nn 
swere, boeldce otboi valuable Dial tor, rotalls tor 

11.00, and thousands of volumes him- l.rn -old. 

To give ibis book a wider drculatloD, tfae fol- 
lowing otter [a extended too genoroue public i 

Pop $1.00 I wU) -end a gross ol DM G tfa 

Pens and ni> Tri at ise to imy mMnv. in Ciiniula 

or the United States, 




i. all Chicago. Try i' 


: iooo 


lS * 3£cCworYh'"^)> 1 ' scroll 

S . AW °"'^.. , ", l r c 7 l ; "";;;::■,„.. 




rt'u»> C,i .M. I...U1S, 11.. 



i iiitner'- ■ lollege. 

HOME f^l-'-'^'y. 

Sem^ of f~loUri5r;in^ 

Mailed to all parts of the World tor SEVENTY-FIVE 
CENTS. Circulars Free. 

©. T®. Zaner. ©olumbuj. O. 


Penmausbip, u poriioll, 

iiieiudli'iL^ttie iii'w Mi'm/:. Alphabet, capable ol 
Vteiut; written bv any one l.-ibly live ilm.-. ic- last 
as ordinary wntlat,', is mailed for SI 00, Irom the 
New York office only. Address 




l PoUifbke«psIe, N. Y. 

r\0 IfOU regularly READ a business paper? If not, why not? Are 
•J you in business? Do you expect to be? Arc you ambitious ol ad- 
vancement? Wm i ire !?oi I).. inc. to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 
industrious, painstaking and observing, These are excellent qualities, but 
without the more extended knowledge that conies from reading, progress must 
nei essarily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
the history Of his time — the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
found recorded in "Tin Offii i ," which is emphatically the business man's 
journal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
trates improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopaedia, 

We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to sec "Tin 
ii h< i " and will send a specimen copy to all who will write for it. • 
Monthly, $1.00 a Year. 

P. O. Box 1663. 60 and 68 IH ink St., New Yoke. 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 




Reading for the people, li mUsho* you how to read people a 

Ihey are inclined to In- cood, upright, lio 
happy and trustworthy people, such as you would like to know, and be intimate] 
A knowledge Of Human Nature would save ninny disappointments in social n 

HnpreheoBlve and popular work ever published tor the price, 25,000 o 
year. Contains 800 large octavo pages and 960 portratta. Send Tor it a 
eople j ou Bee, and also your ow a oharaoier. if you are not satisfied with the hook, you i 
in tfood 1'oniliiii.ii. and we i\ ill return the money. 

We will send it carefully by mail, post-paid, on receipt of price, oull lO « 
1 .00 In cloth binding;. Address 


2forS0ota 50ft>rB 

VOTXCJS Jit t tltlt.H Ml y i;s. 

Penmanship Dep; 
Northern Illinois Normal School 


C. N. C ran die, i 

Le^or^ond IV]<ai1 specialties, 
Hanbo's Gems op Flourishing, 






t..,v. Byn- 

:il Mil .1. . 

I, Kili.l.i- 

The Art Teachers' Employment Agency, 

ni' Dob Moines, [own, n ill afford yon an oppoi 
fcunitj to obtain such omploymenl as yon wUHl 
Rah mi j cheap Send stamp Eoi partfculai 

< M \s, ,i CONNER, Manager, 

i <>■- Moines, [owa 

Daring the Entire Year of 1888 

The Mutual Life 


The Oldest Age at Death was 87, in 

In ■ i ■!■-'■ "I < 'liii'issi 1'). Isilnle, wln> iiiNiirt'il at Ihe 
Ige nl Sa find ilii.l hi 87, mill whose policy of 

H premiums paid o ) - ! I U U 

The Mm mil I.iir mill the Ltjuitiible Itcionl*, 
:t> i:u- us Mh i;itiirhiis been civcii out. stand ua 


s.7 I'erCcnt. I i<;.l Percent. 

The Mutual Life Insurance Co. 


RICHARD A. McCURDY, President. 

For I ho year ending Dec. 31st, 1888 


'""'>' HorlgnitM, - 149,017,874 09 

lilted Hlat.*! ur IUe«, 948,010,704 14 

■ nl i Nlntu ninl J.-.iii.s ou t-ollat- 

panlvN nl, - - ' $2,818,377 (10 

Itl M ,1 .,., |.,,. mi V ,|,,. 

'""nl him Hhsll, lie., fta.SJM.IK 1.1 

|I4fl,0«2,I5a 5(1 

'.■,: 809,203 



Wright's Book-keeping Simplified— Business Methods, 

i i i ■ i olumc "i SH pi 

■ : inv boh tiled i 

' I will refund y ■ si .mi, th.-n 

r, and oonstdi r yours Cfti i 
■ mi.- bottgh 

I I -K in hn.ihi 

your i.-L-nliu suh-.'iiptio 

P, A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway, N.Y. 


Lilx iiy St., N. V. 




„ ...... 

See condensed list on 
Page 28. 






and inn hM equals for 


l OP1 rSTS 1 SSI 1: I SI B v.i -.i 3 


U id ' Rl ' to "■■. 1 u ' d1 1 he 1 nited Statu - 

a\ re< elpi "i 

\o-fo\trth <±f>**. 
Gi'om Ititjtr* in 

fll'Clill pii.'.'> 
nnins not r__ __ 

I 26 1 • nl- 

ri'iusi-il. hut orders for ' 


Any one wishing to pursue a course Id Pen- 
manship by mail may be accommodated by A. J 
SCARBOROUGH, who has been very success- 
ful in ibis particular tine. J8.00 pnya fox* six 
lessons, which will do Jt persevering student 
about us much good as a six weeks' course 
under a teacher's personal supervision, frj 
six lessons and get a start in the right direction. 



and Plain and Ornamental Penwork exe- 
cuted rder in elegant style and al 

moderate 'prices. 

One Dozen Written Cards, 15c Bettej 

quality, 80c A Gem of Flourishing, 10c, 

Lossous t>y Mail. 

Lessons given iu any branch of the art 
by mail at prices within the reach of all. 
Send stamp for particulars. 



No. 1 Is 11 coniprnmisr. between old English and 

ft-mari Text, i-inlt-r than nllu r. 


N,, ;; 1,..-. n, I, I. . \,, 1. ,,„U d..' 1 ■- -ti 1- revved 

lia\Lli£ 11 vei) 

pleat ino Bft") < I 

■ an 1 1 it, easier than elthi r. 

■ ■ 
1 tiles No. ], only the 1 

1,.,. 1. comet on r ' 

ng effect. 

lis based on the "Gorman Text." and adapt 
ed to Bmall size 1- 1 

■■ mil i".p,-.-iidlyadapted 

No 1, i, 1. :,-.', 1 ..,, it,,- \i:,,i,i,,- Alphabet," and 

1 ,. ; ■ \ but e-pcclally for small 

' No Bn ay he 1 . ad 1 BI01 k," as the letters 

No. 10, the : ■ 1, utieulal. 

Any or all of uh.m\ r. , , ,1- ,..,, |, 
Hi 10.01. oil i mid <) rim on- ot nl DcatRiia, 

^czM 1 

Ily H. J. PutmcWI .1 »'- -'- K'lr 1 ' 11 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
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case; mailed to any part of the world for Fifty 
Cents. Bend for our new descriptive olroulox 
giving it -1 imonlals, fas. 

Patman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I.— Double-elastic, for students' prac- 
tice work. Ilourishinfr, .aid writiiiL- an-l li n>- 
writing of all <I.m riptions. 

No. 2.— The " Business Ten " for book-keep- 
ers. book-kec|nny -linliot-. nod nil wishing a 
pen for iiipiil, iinnhmtrit writing. 

PBICKS.- SampUf, luc, IJuarlpr 


, .1.1 


Eight Reasons Why This Trul y Nation al System Is The Best 

I st.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only Six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

stretch ng to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one-sixth more paper 

than 111 the books of any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

them very attractive to ti e pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They .ire the cheapest books m America. 

i l 

fci * 

1 H 1 I 


- 1 i 

1 H * . 

! bt I 

<* 1 

£ 1 





And scores of other places adopt Barnes' Penmanship for exclusive 
use in their public schools. 

The BARNES PENMANSHIP has compelled the publishers of nearly every Series in the market to revise their books, 
have already added several of the special features of this New Series. 

An Elegant Specln 

Book containing all the Copies of the Series sent CRATIS to any Teache 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 
adway, N. Y„ for $1 per Year. 


the Post Office of Ne 
is Second-Class Mail Mat 


Vol. XIII— No. 3 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

/ , ,Jc/00 

Correct Posit 

We have often met teachers and others 

who were apprehensive that pupils learn- 
ing to write fruru engraved copies, such 
as arc used as standards in our public 
schools, would acquire a style of writing 
so similar to each other as not to be dis- 
tinguished one from the other. That is to 
say, that there would be no distinctive 
personality in the several handwritings. 
Another criticism often made upou the 
handwriting that is acquired in our pub- 
lic schools is that it is not such as is em- 
ployed in business, and this also is urged 
i- an argument against the style of writ- 
ing and methods of instruction now iii 
use. All this at the first thought is 
plausible, and is readily believed by 
many to be Q true and proper criticism. 

Hut a moment's reflection will shun it to 
be entirely erroneous. 

First, as to the personality of hand- 
writing,, "we hold that no teacher should 
'■<iti(<"-[i himself in thr -lightest degree 
with reference to it. It is a thing that 
can neither be taught nor hindered by 
any teacher. Personal it v gums mil nl ' the 
'li-pnsitiiiii, character and environment of 
the writer in after-life, and is as inevitably 

mull-! in adult writing as physiognomy 
or any other peculiarity by which persons 
are recognized. For instance, were 20 
pupils in a class, through skillful and sue- 

'"I hing and earnest and faithful 

practice, to acquire a style so uniform that 
each might respectively write a line one 
under the other upou a page of paper so 
similar thai to the casual observer it would 
be the handwriting o( a single person, yet 
let each of these writers go out from the 

school into the various pursuits of life, in 
U single year's tunc there would scarcely 
be a family resemblance in their hand- 
writing, on.- perhaps has been a clerk in 
;i " insurance office where every compli- 
ment or advance has been. the result of the 
't his writing and which has 
" :i,l » 1II3 Btimulated him to constant care 
and pains to retain, aod if possible to 
■ ■■■■" the or li ilv and systematic 

«th which he left school. His 

writing would fend toward higher excel- 
lence. Another, in a law office, had strug- 
gled for dear life with briefs and the copv- 
iti lt of legal documents where speed was 
the only criterion of his success, where no 
pride of style <>r anticipated gain from 
good writing has influenced his efforts. 
His writing has come to be the merest 
scrawl. Another, perhaps with ample 
means, has occupied his time as a tourist, 
only occasionally employing his writing 

solutely necessary to successful 
in writing, and especially in our graded 
city schools. Here pupils pass from one 
grade to another, coming under the in- 
struction of different teachers, rendering 
it necessary that the work in one grade 
supplement fully that of another; other- 
wise there would be a liability that a pupil 
would be required to undo in one grade 
what they had sought to do in another. 
And besides, it is necessary that there be 

Movement Exerci 

Copies for Practice. 

for correspondence. His writing will 
have undergone a very slight change as 
compared with that of the policy and law 
clerk. Another has engaged in. some pro- 
fessional pursuit, where the hand has 
been very little exercised in writing, and 
will, therefore, have no very radical 
change. It is inevitable that the hand- 
writing of each of these various pupils will 
have undergone a change as varied as have 
been their occupations, charactei . dispo- 
sition, artistic taste and the circumstances 
under which they have exercised their 
hands. Hence ii is with great impatience 
that we have noted the assertions ind 

arguments against uniform copies iu the 
sel Iro 

Uniform ami systematic copies are ab- 

a certain standard of form for all of 
the letters of the alphabet and also for 
their combination in writing, else there 
could be no systematic preparation on the 
part of teachers for teaching* writing, or 

rules for therr guidance in instruction, or 
the pupils in learning. 

A- to the complaint that writing ac- 
quired iu the schoolroom is not such as is 
used in the counting-room and other 
places of business, and which carries with 
it the inference tliat the latter sort of 
writing should be the standard, for our 
school-, nothing can be more absurd, be- 
cause there is no Standard, nor can there 
be any standard for business writing. The 
ui. are as varied and numerous as are 
the writers, and consequently any one 

business hand set up as a standard would 
be to the exclusion of millions of others 
equally as good. 

Right here again is apparent the utter 
absurdity of the very thought of teaching 
personality in writing, for that which im- 
personal in its character should 00) be 
imitated, as in that case the learner would 
he simply copying the personality of 

another writer instead of establishing- 

for himself. He should first acquire a 
correct knowledge and good taste for ac- 
curate writing by practicing from im- 
personal copies, and afterward develop- 
ing a personality of his own from extended 
and habitual practice. 

We have been led to make these com- 
ments for two reasons. First, to assist 
teachers to meet and overcome the dif- 
ficulty encountered through such com- 
plaints respecting writing as we have 
enumerated, and, secondly, on account 
of thoughts suggested by a very able ar- 
ticle contributed by Mr. Fox, which ap- 
pears on another page of this issue, and 
which we commend to a careful considera- 
tion of all the readers of Thk Joubk w .. 

The present lesson closes the series by 
the editor. A new series will begin with 
the April number by D. W. Holt, super- 
intendent of writing in the public schools 
of Des Moines, Iowa. We have become 
somewhat familiar with Professor Holt's 
methods, and are very favorably im- 
pressed with the work that he is doing 
in the pub lie schools of Des Moines. We 
believe that to all who are engaged in 
teaching writing in the public schools 
his series of lessons will be verj interest- 
ing and instructive. We only regret that 
they cannot be placed before every such 
teacher in the country. We feel earnestly 
that the instruction in writing which the 
great mass of our youth are rcct iving is 
vastly inferior to that of any other branch 
of education. We shall feel thankful to 
any teacher who will assi-i m placing ihese 
lessons before teachers iu our public 

We present herewith a series of move- 
ment exercises which we commend for 
extensive practice to all learners of writ- 
ing. They are well calculated to disci- 
pline all of the motions of the fore-arm and 
angers necessary te easj and graceful 
writing. We repeat what we have pre- 
viously said in the course i.f lessons, that 
every season of practice upon copies 
should be preceded with at least 20 
minutes' practice upon s 

[In the last issue of The Joi BNAX a 
mistake was made in the cuts illustrating 
the writing lesson. The cut printed OSS 
specimen of "Model Business Writing-" 
was not the cut which had been selected 
for that purpose, and was in no sense suit- 
able for that purpose. The three business 
letters shown in this issue represent the 
idea so well thai Hie readei IS referred to 
thein iu Connection with the last lesson. 

—The Editoh. | 

President Ravles. of the New York 
Board of Health, lately called attention 
to the subject of the use of more durable 
ink, and enforced his winds by saying 

thai it was of importance to people .-m 
over the land, lie says that very many 
of the records of births, death? and mar- 
riages received at the office of the I I 

are written in aniline inks, mid that the 
paperupon which these fugitive fluids arc 

used becomes iu hi years perfectly blank, 
the ink having entirely evaporated, 

Writing in 

[Awarded FfrstPrm in of Tub 
Journal's Competitions. \ 
To note some of the current expressions 
upon this subject is, at least, p trifle 
amusing, if nut always profitable. In the 
clamor for self-recognition it seems to be 
a difficult matter to recognize any ex- 
cellence not our own ; and extreme de- 
votion to some pet theory is likely to be- 
tray itself through condemnation and 
ridicule of nil others. So intense ad- 
miration for one school of penmanship is 
upt to exclude all ability to recognize ex- 
cellence in any other school. Too little 
appears to be known of the generous 
faculty of admiration, which has power 
to unlock truths tlint wholly elude the 
grasp of a purely critical spirit. 

It is true that we live in a wonderful 
age, a fast and progressive one; an age 
when every day, as it were, a new way of 
going to work, a new way of doing things is 
being discovered. Branches of industry and 
education in general have caught this 
spirit of the age and are being borne 
rapidly onward; and there is no reason 
why penmanship should not keep pace 
with this onward march. But it can 
hardly be effected through prejudiced, in- 
competent, censorious or money-catching 
Critics: It must be given impetus by those 
possessing the too scarce element of dis- 
interested criticism combined with sound 
sense and experience. 

To interpret our subject with regard to 
present agitation demands a consideration 
of it under two distinct heads: 

1. The style el writing to be taught in 

ings more or less angular, comparatively 
small characters, with considerable slope, 
no shading, and a steady, gliding move- 
ment. Many pa s for rapid writers who 
are only nervous scratchers or spasmodic 
jerkers. They start out with an apparent 
lightning motion, only to hitch at frequent 
intervals or to make several motions in 

considered separately, but when properly 
blendSd they furnish the happy medium 
or true foundation upon which to build. 

Grace, both iu style and execution, is a 
most desirable feature, particularly when 
combined with the more essential qualities; 
and when based upon a cultivated taste, 
no degree of it is incompatible with busi- 

2. The manner of teaching it. 

Before we can teach effectually we must 
know what we are to teach. 

The phrase "business college 1 ' itself 
clearly indicates the style of writing to be 
uniformly taught. While ample and 
legitimate provision may be made for the 
more extended and elaborate work of 
teachers and professionals, there should be 
taught, independent of all such, a style that 
best meets the demands of business in 
general, not of individuals in particular; 
for opinions are as diverse as they who 
hold them. All of merit and experience, 
however, cannot fail to agree upon a per- 
fectly legible style, that is easily, rapidly 
and gracefully executed, as constituting 

Since the all-important object of writing 
is to convey intelligence without the aid 
of an interpreter, legibility must be of 
prime and paramount, importance in its 
production. The absence of this one 
quality renders all writing valueless even 
in the presence of any other possible ex- 
cellence. And the usual pressure of busi- 
ness exacts even more than its possession 
in a positive degree; it demands a living, 
speaking style, one that is intelligible "at 
sight " without exception. America's im- 
petuosity will suffer no needless expendi- 
ture of time. Legible writing serves also 
another important purpose in preventing 
errors. Some of the most vital mistakes 
may be made through the careless build- 
ing of a single word. To possess this iiiosl 
essential quality in the fullest degree 
writing must be proportionately large, 
round, well shaded, have very little if any 
slant, and be clothed with the relative 
simplicity and neatness of print. 

Writing must be easily executed to pre- 
vent undue and needless fatigue. It must 
also be rapidly executed to economize 
time and to correspond with dispatch in 
business. But all speed should be given 
an intelligent limit; it ought never bo be 
cultivated to the destruction of form or a 
fair degree of accuracy. 

To produce greatest facility and rapidity 
•jf execution requires simple forms, join- 

The methods in vogue for acquiring s 
business hand differ but slightly, if at all, 
ELS to essentials, and as a rule only in point 
of application or according to the degree 
of individuality possewd b\ the teacher. 
Generally, other things being equal, the 
more one stamps his method with himself 
the better. The great original force 
which such teachers as Plato and Aristotle 
threw out upon the world of thought is 
said to have come from their having to 
make and test their methods as they went 
along. And it may be so with us, though 

modest degree, if 


Photo-Engraved from Flourish by A. W. Dahin, Syracuse, N. V. 

the air to one on paper. In either case- 
speed is retarded, and. the very object 
worked for defeated. Indeed, this Saint- 
Vitus-like affection seems to be a more 
common ailment than what is usually 
* writer's cramp-" or " pen- 
." It is not motion but its 
quality that determines the real degree of 
speed, or that truly facilitates in work. It 

ness, any more than is grace of manner or 
speech. True grace should lie in the form 
of the letters, not iu superfluous append- 
ages; therefore the more writing savors of 
grace the better. Alas for the reputation 
of our colleges when they aim only to 
cultivate a "rough and ready" style, or 
furnish no better results than can be ob- 
tained through self-instruction. Also our 

similar course with them. Thus, it be- 
hooves us, as penmen and teachers, not to 
seize upon this theory or that simply be- 
cause it seems to be popular, but to accept 
and adopt that which is the result of 
widest experience and soundest logic in- 
asmuch as it is suited to conditions in 
haud, and supplement it with a margin for 
future modification. 

But while order and method are essen- 
tial in every department of life, there 
should not be so strict an adherence to 
rule or system as to detract from best or 
most natural results. Nature oft needs 
much disciplining, but never so much as 
leads to the weakeuing of any of her 
powers. Less faith should be put in sys- 
tems and more in skilled and experienced 
teachers. All method depends largely 
upon individual tact, talent, patience and 
perseverance for its successful application; 
hence a live teacher is better than any 
dead model or system. Ann as all suc- 
cessful teaching is the result of knowledge, 
skill and experience, only those thus quali- 
fied should be employed to instruct. 

Untrained or inexperienced tutors must 
of necessity spoil many a class before 
learning how to teach. But many having 
the imitative faculty well developed he- 
come skillful and ready writers, and in 
turn are employed as teachers, when in 
reality they constitute no part of a teacher. 
It is a false notion that anybody can teach 
who writes a beautiful haud. The true 

[men F iPhoto-Bngraved], Submitted for Competition 
Best from the Whole Number Received. The Other Cuts 
Vote cm >•< which of the 

I ,, . Glass No. 4, and One of the Tin- 
Ukewiin Shown in This Issue. 

is ease and uniformity of motion rather 
than any amount of mere "speed" that 
accomplishes the most in a given time. 

li i- Bvident from the foregoing that the 

essential requisites for legibility and ease 

piditj are largely antagonistic as 

Specimens Selected as the 

vre Invited '•■ Send I our 

[veil. The Other Cuts are lAReunse anoum m *m» <■"•— -— ■■" mr«wift*«l 

shallbi Awarded First Priz, whieh& I, I which Third {SizeofOria l,'> ' ""<«'»-' 

teacher has to think as well as perform 
He must have the ability to draw out the 
powers of bis pupils as well as to display 
his own. He must have a theoretical as 
well as practical knowledge of his subject, 
and the ability to classify this knowledge- 

graduates should be able to displaj some 
thing more than a string of chasing angles. 
The standard should be raised rather than 
lowered, for even then the results will be 

meager enough. The best oughl to be 

none too good for any of us. 

ling to system. Previous to enter- 
ing the claae-room be must have fixed in 
\i>. Blind what subjects tu will present 
and how he will present them. Iu. the 
.. li hing lit- will find tin- black- 
board to be a most valoable and indis- 
pensable appliance. Vnd as a matter of 
convenience u well as of profit we would 

i mi i judicious combination of 

mitten and engraved copies, Also when 

possible we would divide largi ic] Is 

into classes oj a size that can be handled 
to best advantage, and so give opportunity 
for classifi' :ii ion ol pupils according to 

Students should be given an inspiring as 
, A i ti as logical introduction to their work. 
While no side tncb for caprice or non- 
sense should be allowed, all helpful and 
appropriate incentives ma\ hi- employed to 
stimulate with a proper love and zeal for 
the work in hand. Beget interesl ami en- 
thusiasm and they will secure mastery, 

writing the strong and prominent muscle 
of the fore-arm becomes by nature the key- 
stone or principal seat of movement, though 

many other muscles arc of necessity 
brought into action with it. This being 
the chief and most difficult movement tu 
acquire, we make it the first and main 
subject ol attention. For its development 

a species of gymnastic drill is first given 
to produce free play of the muscles in all 
directions. Then follow oval and other 

I'M'nJM i b large scale, which are gradu- 
ally diminished in size till they develop 
iuto small letter forms. A few funda- 
mental exercises properly graded and well 

mastered are all-sufficient. 

Quality rather than quantity is to he 
sought for. Meanwhile the fingers are 
left much to themselves aside from a 
proper position and easy hold of the pen. 
To obtain best results the mind should be 
concentrated upon one thing at a time, 
and the fnt\ in view fairly well secured 

rigid slate of the fingen should not be 
permitted, much more promoted, any more 
than their perpetual yet useless motion. 
But a Blight though, almost imperceptible 

motion we believe to be invaluable and 
inseparable to best writing and best 
writers. Vet, whether the fingers an 
brought into noticeable action or not, they 

should be in a flexible condition. The 

essence of all right movement is ease, 
which owes its existence to the freedom 
and relaxation of all the muscles jointly 
concerned ; therefore, if all the muscles 
brought into play directly or indirectly 
are in a pliable condition, the better must 
be the results. 

It is upon this point of movement that 
"doctors" have <iisagrccd mo-t w idek 
and shown how easy a matter it is to go 
to extremes. Whereas some of early date 
taught little, if anything, but finger move- 
ment, others of to-day would advocate 
• • Si mi ui pure muscular movement;" and 

/< /ST^S^ 

J^SUS 7^z*^/- /Z^^ry- 

6> [Fhoto-EnQravcd], Submitted for Competition in our Prix* Class No. 4, and One of the Three &} toiens Selected as 

the Beit from the it/,../. Number Received, The Other Cute are Likewise Shown in This Issue. You are Invited to Send Your 
Vole as to wliiah of these Specimens shall be Awarded First Prize, which Second, and which Third (Stos of Orafnai, 1 xl Inches.) 

The burden of labor and achievement rests 
mainly with the pupil. As knowledge 
precedes all Intelligent action, students 
ould be given at the outset a clear con- 
option of what they are to do and how 
ihej are to do it, To this end only sub- 

i'-i-i mailer should be considered, and dial 

in the simplest manner possible. No time 
whatever should be lost upon non-essen- 
tials, and at the earliest practicable moment 
uctioD should begin. No amount of 
knowledge will take the place ol doing. 
We limit this point to B fe\i touches upon 

P081 i [OK, U0VEMBMT, FORM ami hai-hhty. 

Our preference in position u for thai 

' h lines the bodj slightly to the 

left; thus the weight ii allowed to fall 

■ li II arm, while the rfghl L£ left 

' 'I'iiely free for any movement desired. 

Uovement is undoubtedly the great de- 
'ideratum in writing, at it- proper develop- 

irly all the excellences 

■ Lorek \n,\ ; ,s the muscles 

propei organs of motion, all 

v<!| uent i- n ,,, i,,. muscular. In 

before taking another step. And pupils 
should he taught to practice seven sell 
criticism, that they may be able at length 
to continue their work by themselves, and 
thus fulfill the object of all right teaching. 
As soon as this fore-arm muscular move- 
ment is well understood and to a good 
degree established, exercises arc given 
calculated to develop what is known as 
the "combined" movement. At this 
point finger action is considered and en- 
couraged in connection with the fore-arm 
to the extent of securing good, ii not 
perfect, form. While the fore-arm mus- 
cular is the main propelling-power, to the 
delicate action of the lingers musl be at- 
tributed the real shaping-power; and if it 
In true, i- BOme WOUld seem to infer, that 
the proi ess In writing ifl similar to that in 
walking, then the fingers should he left 
free to act, as are the Iocs. Try walking 
with the toes in a rigid state and it will be 
seeu what this means. Generally the great 
difficulty among pupils is not that there is 

tOO much tiuger notion, but too little of 

ii.. ' must ulai to combine with it. A 

while each is of value when properly 
applied, a somewhat happy medium, east- 
ing the balance largely in favor of the 
fore-arm, is probably the safest and best. 
Much of the present craze of movement, 
however, is only a false alarm, for we 
venture to say that there is not a penman 
of repute who has not practiced and 
taught "muscular movement" for years. 
It- use date- al le ist as far back a- l 'ar- 
Btairs, aud all homage in its behalf is due 
to an earlier generation than ours. 

The next step in order of movement i- 
to give appropriate gliding exercises to 
produce a steady, flowing movement— the 
essential to true rapidity in writing. 
Meantime and at proper intervals during 

the development of the movements a 
thorough and systematic study is made of 
the elements and principles; also of let- 
ters, including their classification, anal- 
ysis synthesis and combination. Figures, 
characters, capitals, words, sentences, 
paragraphs, business forms and business 
correspondence are all considered respect 

The business writer, like die busini 
man, must be equipped for emergi acies, 
therefore we would have pupils familiar 

with at Last all movements named ami 

skilled in their practice to the possibility 

of their using either at will as occasion 

may require. Yet liltle atlenn^ ■ 

i j movement compared with that most 

important one, the forearm muscular. 

\\ hll>' de\ duping i hi- muscular pnwei . 
speed should be encouraged in connection 
with a firm and steady stroke. In the 
Study of form care should he cultivated 
rather thau speed or its idiscnee. Famil- 
iarityand practice will beget speed of them- 
selves if speed DC urge<i, and it should be, 
though never af the expense of legibility. 
It is rarely safe to turn on "full steam 

till well under headway, or till the muscles 

are well under control, and no degree of 
it should be allowed that inter t.n with 
intelligent practice. 

Let not reason be sacrificed for method 
upon any point. Accustom the mind to 
large views and to working on broad prin- 
ciples and it will instini li\el\ adopt meth- 
ods correspondent, and will radiali from 
its own action light and truth upon many 
a point in question. Success largely de- 
pends upon the ability of the teacher to 
interpret what best supplies present needs 
and to make application of the same 
through its underlying principles taken 
in their natural order of growth, the more 
complicated growiug out of the simple, 
and insisting upon their complete mastery. 

The object of this paper is not to pre- 
-< nil. am absolute standard or infallible 
method, but only to give a partial outline 
of what has seemed to be required and 
yielded best results during an uninter- 
rupted experience of more than 20 years 
as teacher of writing in business colleges. 

The Ornamental Specimen 

W. J. 'I. It. i.i. . of Chicago, H»f Fir*! 
Prize Winner. 

The fact that there were only two orna- 
mental specimens printed from which to 
choose, and the conspicuous superiority 
of one— judging by the voting — caused a 
large falling off iu the total vote in this 
class, as compared with that of the prize 
flourishing class. This is the total vote: 
D 70.', 

li 210 

Tolal 915 

The author of specimen D, who wins 
the prize for having presented the best of 
all the spceimeus received, is W. J. Mr- 
Bride, 137 Pine street, Chicago. His de- 
sign clearly shows that he has the arlislir 
faculty in a high degree, and with a little 
more studious practice he is likely to make 
his mark in this line. 

The author of specimen E, who wins 
the prize for having presented the second 

best of all the specimens received, is A. 
Phillbriek, a student of A. C. Webb. 
Nashville, Teun. He, too, bids fair to 
become a skillful professional. It is a 

little unfortunate, perhaps, thai Ins design 
was not more original -mil this lost him 
many votes, judging from the correspond- 

nice mi tin subject Some ol those who 

voted for D expressed the opinion that E 
was superior iu point of clearness of exe- 
cution, but was far behind it iu origi- 
nality, symmetry and general arl ist ic effect. 
And this snails to us to have been a i eq 

lair judgment. 

D, however, had its friends, and some 

well-known penmen expressed a preference 

for it. Among tin- number were A A. 

dark. Cleveland, Ohio; E, L. Wiley, 
Painesi iiie. Ohio; 0.0, Runkle, Marshall- 
town, b>\\a; 0. II. Groraline, w est Wen 

Brighton, N. Y., all teacher- of writing in 

tin: public --'"I I- | ( Ef. I lUlll Si.iuv 

I'itv, Iowa, liu-iiie— i ollcge: "■ U Di\, 

GardenCity, Kan.,Businesi College; 0, L. 

Dorney, secretary Allentown, I'a., Business 
College; .1. B. Graff, ornamental penman. 
Philadelphia, and\V. I). Chase, ornamental 
penman, Madison, X. H. The great pr< 

ponderance ol professionals, however, as 

well as amateurs, gave the prcleii-ii.e i» I>. 
Moore and Zancr, winners iu the flourish- 
ing 1 class, both voted with the naaq j 

Fielding Schotield, the other flourishing 

Specimen D is complex and elegant in de- 

-i-'ii. hut -"in. what "lis.-iiie m delineation. E, 
]ii"ei'nitru-t. i- Uauiilul in it- .-impli- at > and 

,|,.. , i , ■ it ' li ii 

The thr. . bu hit - l< u. ri shown In this 
cumber pxi sen! abundant opportunities 

for a "harp competition, a- in i In « .>-< "I 
the flourished specimens. All the sub- 
-, nil. r- "I I ui .li.i ic u. are cordially in- 
vited to send in their votes, and to -end 

them in early. 

Editor of Tu 

What a rei 

was. Ye cod: 

Journal : 
lation last months 
what humbugs 

gftofct&cmi ^cpati-mGut'. 


No standard of excellency from 
wbicb to judge; hence, like doctors, we 

sometimes disagree. Yours, F. H. Hall. 
Troy t N. Y., BuHnets College, 

Prize Contest Suggestions. 

Editor op The Journal: 

\\U>w me to make the suggestion that 
the readers of Toe Journal "chip in" 
aud help make up a handsome purse to lie 
divided into, sav, three prizes for the best 
design and work suitable for a lnrge speci- 
men piece. This, I think, would bring 
out the best workers in the profession in 
larger numbers than heretofore. I would 
like 1 1. see a first prize of at least fill and am 
willing to start it with #i. It is worth 
something to design and execute a really 
good, large piece, and prizes suitably large 
fall heavilv on one man-even an editor. 
Respectfully, F. G. Steele. 

Cambridge, Ohio. 

We print the above suggestion for 

what it may be worth U coming from a 
professional pen worker in the ornamental 
line If b contest on the lines indicated 
be at all feasible, perhaps the most practi- 
csJ scheme would be the assessment of 
competitors by an entrance fee If the 
first prize was to be $50, the second 
should not be less than $10, making $60 
to be raised. Whether the inducements 
are sufficient to guarantee this sum by 
voluntary subscription (to help out the en- 
trance fee) we are not prepared to say, nor 
even to express an opinion. It all de- 
pends, of course, on how many men there 
are in the profession willing to pay $5, 
like Mr. Steele (or more or less), for the 
good that is to come from such a contest 
as suggested. 

An Otter to Amateur*. 

Editor op The Journal: 

If you will act as judge. I will give a 
gold pen to the subscriber who sends in 
the best written letter (for photo-engrav- 
uiL'i before May 1. The conditions are: 
The writer must be an amateur and not 
oi 1 1 91 \ ears of age. II. B. I Ibtrom. 

S38 W. Fifty-eighth afreet, Sew Tori. 

The editor will examine any letter 
which may be sent in conformity with the 
above, and render decision according to 
his judgment of their merits. 

Special Writing Teachers in 
the Public Schools. 

Ed t OF The Journal: 

In response to the reqiust for a list of 
towns in the United States that employ 
special teachers of penmanship in their 
public schools, 1 beg to submit a partial 
list, drawn chiefly from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Education: 

Sulary per 

Little Rock, Ark #540 

Stockton, Cal 1,200 

Galesburg, 111 600 

Port Wayne, Ind 800 

Lafayette, Ind 900 

Bangoi Me 000 

Batfi, M" SO" 

FitchWg, Mi." 600 

Spruemel.l Ma>- 900 

Vlrimi Mich 600 

Vim Mull .W0 

Bast Saginaw, Micu 600 

fjrand Hapids, Mich 1,000 

Musk. v< Hi. Mich 650 

st Paul, Minn 1,450 

IVinona, Mum TOO 

Portsmouth, N. H 800 

Lockport, N. Y 900 

P N. Y 500 

Syracuse, N. Y 1,300 

Watertown. N. Y 400 

Canton, Ohio t*KJ 

Cincinnati, Ohio 1,400 

Cleveland. Ohio 750 

Sprin jfleld, Ohio 1,000 

Zam-ville, Ohio 900 

Allegheny. Pa 575 

: Va 675 

MiddletOwn, Conn 800 

i . .I..! Rapids, Iowa 500 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 600 

Muscal ic>-, Iowa 700 

Flint, Mich 000 

Newark, Ohio X00 

Bradford, i J a 600 

New Castle, Pa 400 

Scranton, Pa 400 

Iti.a, V V 600 

There may be some errors in lie above, 
liul il is correct as tar BS I CSO leal « 1 

.mi unable to furnish the names "1 the 
which, 1 think, would be of in- 
terest il the\ L'uuld L>e obtained. 

TSOHAS l'<'\\ BBS, 
'IV uhci .. if Wilting in the Public Nd Is 

of Watertown. N. Y. 

.1// matter intended for this department 

(iui-hiiiiinl ,jrl„n,t/,x) xlmiihl f; 

tmt to i//- /, //. Packard, 101 Saet 28<Z 
ttreet. New York 

Isaac Dement, in his " Suggestions to 
Young Reporter." a book especially rein- 
able to Graham writers, gives a few don'ts 
that are valuable to all stenographers. 
Here are some of them : 

Don't make a contortionist of yourself 
while taking notes, Be.pliet and oid< rl\, 

no matter now fast the matter may be 

Hunt Btick your tongue out of the cor- 
ner of your mouth when rushed, or do 
anj other Bimilax thing. It shows yon are 
laboring and th* attorneys will lose confi- 

])mm'i do :m\ tiling that will attract at- 
tention to you* in the least degree, excepl 
in such cases as I shall enumerate. 

Don't hesitate to ask a witness to repeat 
something he has said so indistinctly that 
you could not catch it. It is no mark of a 
poor reporter to do this; it is rather the 


Dun t fail to do anything in reason that 
will add to the accuracy of your report. 

Don't fail to read over all your notes for 
at l.'aM the first year of your practice, it 
is of no use to write shorthand if you can- 
not read it, and nothing will make yon so 
familiar with your shorthand as to do this. 
If you are no! familiar with your notes you 
cannot get speed, for it is that which makes 

Don't blunder out a question or answer 
when called upon to read, but quietly 
read over to yourself the matter thai is 
wanted. It is better to take this precau- 
tion than to hem aud haw and splutter ami 
blunder through and get all broken up so 
that when they star' ou again you arc in a 
tremendous state and your notes go to 

Don't try to dictate to two operators at 
the start; one is enough for you. 

Don't tail to look over the copy and cor- 
rect all l\ pographictil errors before you let 


now what your speed is lor 
i, and to frankly say so, for 
■ the truth. You may have 
peed in the office and you 
have any under the case I first 
Until you are able to hold your 
d hand under the most trying 
is your speed is an unknown 
but when you have outrun your 
ight then ascertain your speed 
pare it with that of the best re 
find yourself behind 
yourself about in- 

,i, thai rape 
creasing it. 

Don't go around saying "I can write 
240 words in a minute, therefore nobody 
can write any faster;" for there never 
was anything so good but there was 
something better. 

Don't, when you have grown old in 
the art, forget you ever were a student, 
but at all times be ready to aid the 
mortal struggling with a text-book. 

Don't fail to keep posted in your pro- 
fession. A gnat many reporters say they 
haven't lime to read the shorthand papers; 
they bad better take time. The papers 
may not contain anything new to them 
(though they probably will), yet they 
must have learned many things which 

would be useful to the profession, and 

t is their duty to let such things be 

Don't think your system is the best. 

Don't think your particular style of 
book or paper is the best. 

Don't think your way of getting out 
copy is the best and only way. 

Don't think you are the best reporter 
in the country. 

Don't say you never get "busted," for 

we all know better 

In conclusion, don't let the substance 

gel away, even if you have to lose the 
majority of the w ords 

There is a tendency on the pari of all 

teachers who dictate to classes for short- 
hand practice to fall into a dreary mono- 
tone, uttering the words at equi distant 
intervals, with no regard to the meaning 
of what is being read, aud certainly giving 

the class no idea of the meaning of crhal 
1 1,, v write inasmuch as no dictator ol 
tetters, no lawyer, no witness, no minister 

and no lecturer speaks in that way, that 
Btyle ol reading should be avoided. Un- 
less the student gets the meaning of what 

he writes he cannot make good notes; un- 
less he makes good notes he will not make 
a good transcript. If the class can write 
only 35 words a minute the words should 
be uttered just as rapidly as if for rapid 
writing, aud when a sentence or phrase 
has been read the reader should stop until 
the class is within two or three words of 
the cud. when the reading should be con- 
tinued. In this way the class will be able 
to write continuously, get the meaning oi 
what i- read and be much more likely to 
phrase properly than if the drawling, slow 
styhof readingisadopted. Students having 
a good knowledge of phrase-writing have 
been known, when practicing for speed, to 
drop phrases almost entirely, simply be- 
cause the readiug Was such as not only not 
to suggest phrasing but to render it almost 

It is also important that the stops should 
not be too frequent. Tench your pupils to 
remember long sentences. Thcirability to 
carry in their minds many words (and 
their meaning) will be of vast benefit to 
them hereafter, not only in taking notes, 
but in copying them. 

A lady of this city who is an expert 
typewriter operator can copy five lines of 
typewriter matter with only once looking 
at the copy. What an amount of time and 
actual labor is thus saved. 

There is no demand for incompetents, 
even if they attaiu to a high rate of*speed. 
The demand is for those who can do ac- 
curate and neat work, and this demand is 
not and can not be supplied. If a short- 
hand writer is out of employment it is be- 
cause he is careless, incompetent and has 
bad habits. The competent shorthand 
writer cau always obtain employment and 
command a good salary. — Standard Steno- 
graphic Magaeim . 

A partial list of contractions, with the 
derivative words, is given in this number. 
It will be continued or concluded in the 
next number. Every pupil, as well as 
every teacher, will understand the ad- 
vantage of having the phonographic out- 
lines instead of letters to represent them. 
A list of words out of position will follow 
the contractions. 

Exercise for Practice. 

[Words inclosed in parent lie.e. are !>. Lie joint. .] 
n phrases. The more int reipient ..1 the con- 
,:,, i - and v, • "iH "t position are itali- 

PeraUtence !■■ Bnslm>M> 

Having learned a business, (it is) almost 
always unwise, and sometimes (it is) even 
dangerous, (to change) it, either in Whole 
Or (in ,""/■', (for (any other) calling. (It is 
not) (at all) probable that (you will) suc- 
ceed better (in a) business (that is) new (to 
you) than (in the) one (you understand), 
and bo long (as that > yields you a support 
(you cannot) safely surrender it for (some- 
tliingelse.) (We have) B national vice (in 
this regard) (which is) hardly less hurtful 
and dangerous (than the) one already al- 
luded to, aud (it is) a result of preeisel] 

the same causes. While unskilled work- 
ers were (in demand) and unskilled work 
was profitable, (it was) safe enough, and 
often advisable, (to substitute) one occu- 
pation {for another.) laboring (to supply) 
the demand (of the) day. The alteration 
(which has) taken place (in the) 'character 
i,,!' our) country, our growth (from the) 

condition of new settlements (to that) 

of populous States, has wrought a change 

(iii all this), and (as it is) now of para- 
mount importanct that every man should 
learn a business, so, too, (it is) only (in the) 
persistent pursuit (of that) business (that 
there is) now any safety. The temptation 
(to ehangi < ia often a very strong one, and 
it comes in many shapes. The danger lies 
chiefly, however, tin the) specious allure- 
ment oi catchpenny callings. When one 

finds (Ins own) avocation a plodding one, 

[y its small regular wages, the 

temptation (to change) is strong. And 

when (in 8UCh ai case, (he is) permitted 

ito catch) a glimpse (of the) occasional 
earnings of some follower (of a) pre 

carious business, it becomes almost ir- 
resistible, (In such ai case (it is) 

well ito '■ member) first, thai (so much) 

(in a) day lis not) (so much) (every 
day;) aud secondly, that for every man 

that succeeds in callings ,,,f this) sort, (at 

least | ten fall Utterly. The eanva-scr who 
makes fifty dollars (in a) day is certain (to 

speak) (of the) fact, (but he is) equally cer- 
tain not (to say) anything (ot the) many 
weary days whose work brought him noth- 
ing. (Of the) canvassers who fail entirely , 

we naluialK hear nothing (at all. I The 
Chances of success in callings (of this) 

general character, and (these are) the avo- 
cations which the peopl who change from 
one business (to another) commonly adopt, 
are (very much) smaller (than the) chances 
of failure. In truth, not one person (in a) 

hundred (has the) quaMfkatian* neoeasarj 
(to win) tolerable success (is this kind) of 
work. These qualifications are inherent, 
and not (to be) acquired (in any way;) 
l with them) failure is simply inevitable, 

and »t of us arc fin tact) utterly desti- 

tute (of them,) wherefore a ver\ larg, pro- 
portion (ot those) (who have) tried business 
(of this kind) have failed (in the) attempt. 
The temptation (to abandon) one avoca- 
tion (for another) is greatly increased (bj. 

the) false lights (in which) (we see) other 

people's work and other people** eiroum- 
stance*. Most men seem prosperous (to 

their) neighbors, who see ..ply their mode 
Of lite and their 61 pelidit lire*, knowing 

nothing (of their) toil or (of the) economy 
which they find it necessary (to practice) 

in private. So, too, every man's work 
seems easier aud more agreeable than (our 
own, ) simply became (we see) it (from the) 
outside, knowing nothing tof the) drudgery 
incident (to it,) the difficulty of doing it or 
the poverty of its results, (as its) doer 
knows them. 

Of (our own) work we tire (now and 
then), ami (when we) do. we exaggerate 
its difficulty laud the) disagreeable things 
attending it. Its results are much smaller 
than (we have) hoped, perhaps, and we 
naturally assume (that they me) smaller 
than those attained by our neighbor. We 
draw unjust comparisons between his lot. 
Or his work and (our own), knowing (our 
own) perfectly land hisi imperfectly, 
Now (it is) n well-known fact (that the) 
profits of different handicrafts (do not) 
materially varv from one standard, and lit 

is) safe (to say) (that then- iaj no great 
differena (between the) net results (of all 
the) avocations open (to any one) man. 
(In other words.) every man's money-get- 
ting power is limited (by his] charaeler, 
his intellectual capacity, his education, 
(mid his) capital. These enable him (to 

follow) (any one of) certain aV0C IS, 

(and his) earnings (will be) substantially 
the . line whether he adopt one (or an- 
other) (of the) callings thus open (to him). 
What the result .would be) (if he) (had a) 

larger capital or better education 
greater capacity 

tilted for 
(which he) cannot follow 
(at all) a- (he is), (is not) worth while (to 
inquire i (Such as) (he w) (he Lb) capable 
of making a certain amount of money, and 
he could hardly increase the amount tif 
his | business were (other than) lit is I. 
(To change'), therefore, from (one of the) 
businesses open Ito him) (to another) which 
cannot pav better i- useless (in any case), 
andiwhcn t he, el,,,,,.,, is I from thclcallll.g 
pert (tO one.) 

(in w hich) (he i 
y.\ phonographic t 

a i lor" ' 

stumped I 

be Ulillleil 
stumped tin 
II. l-uekaid, 

lit IS) - 

ripi oi the r 

i'wentV-inii-ti street. New 

,lol II 



,„„ has been our constant school 
visitor for many years, enlivening and in- 
structing in precept and Illustration. 

With us, a* with tin profess.... gcnen.ll>. 
i, has molded our style during the pres 

, ,,, ,i, i ,.|--. and that the tone ami man 

ner 'if the penwork of to-day him im- 

!,,,,,. i ,i through us inspiration is beyond 

question, "l OU and Till Joi RH \L UU> 
GAZETTE have our sincere congratulations 

and best wishes fur continued prosperity 

and Longevity."— C. A. and K H Bur- 

l.KTT. BlirdetVs Business College, Hostoll. 

According ' arislocmcy-tic - -1 - 

acknowledge /..7?.....f... h artificial _ A^J. . \^- '■- 

advantage / I I (^ h .... . astonish-ed .:..:. ?/Z.. ??.... 

.,.„ I Vim „ e ...'..l/..'.l_.^.^. 

already (C . Bankrupt .?—% 

altogether bankruptcy \w\ . 

among n --. s^!.. baptism." N 

an becauso . 

gel f IL Z- before \ V?. - 

archangel . 7)\ , .. . begun . r^a. 

archbishop..^ belief-va.t._X.\...L>Ti.. 



>ani \__ children./ 1 ...... 

between .1 Christian __ "T^T... 

beyond . - cireuraslance J. 


brethren \. 

ler \ \^,.. 






contingency 1 

. correct jcrrr-. 


captain J .could 

catholic . county 

C*leetial-ly.£7 cross-examine ... 

-Tini. ate 

bangc ////.. J /' l»oecml,er J-,. 

charge \ ' 

democracy-tic K^ dwell P Jl ? ? 

democrat .1 — < 

describe ... Em-cl ^ k p A 

description endeavor /! L l 1, 

develop L \ L L l v especial-ly .J 

did . | ea(aMi«h..i.i.i.L. . . 

diflcr-encc-cnl|.. |_ T V"..—. 1 evangelical . L^, .. .. 

difficoll-y.^ ^r. 

Signify. .U I \_ - 

dignity.. K 

dominate ^..^^ 

distinguishing I Fact 

Dr(doctor) familiar .{ 

doctrine ..Lil 

I I 
dollar funiilijinty 


executrix ., 


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l~*n-^ February . . L_ - . 

Inr ,L 




heallh-y Yl /£. ST^ rtT. .O^.. 


Across the Continent. 

i Tht illuetratioiu in thu paper art printed 
ty the courtesy of Mr. U . 0, Riley, pub- 
lisher ■ ■' <>•< Official Gfuide-Bool of tht 

/•■<, ,/!•■ };,■', I, r., ij. /.,/ ,rl,ni< rout, 

tJn TeUoaetant Pari i$ reached \ 

The i i-rnl'V \\ Im ha- so fill- followed us 

hurriedly from New York to Hun Fran- 
cisco, thence In tin' splendid V)illi-y of the 
Yo-einite, tin- tarnou- Maripo-a <jn<\r ul 

Pacific. Thegreal Yellowstone Lakt and 
the picturesque Shoshone Lake are also 

in the southern portion. 
Seventeen yean ago the United States 

Congress set apnrt this area for u national 
park, closing it forever to settlers, Since 
that time it has been under the charge of 
a sort of military police, who patrol it con- 
tinually and keep 8 sharp lookout on the 
visitors who pour into it during the warm 
Reason bj the thousand. No one is a] 
lowed to take anything away nor to hear 
firearms ami the -lightest infrartioti of 
these rules is punished by summary ex- 
pulsion from the park, which thcucefor- 
ward becomes a closed bonk to the offend- 
ing tourist. Large game of various kinds. 

The ti^t sight to attract the tourist's at- 
tention is the remarkable terraces of the 
Mammoth Mot Springs The accompany- 
ing picture gives ;l very intelligent view of 

the main terrace. This remarkable forma- 
tion is wholl] the product of the calcerous 
deposit from the water of the springs, 
which has built itself into thi- ehapebj 

accumulation of ages Some of the " Steps" 

are 8 or 10 feet high; others mere ledges. 
The overflowing water from the boiling 
Springs iit the top is emptied into the 
Gardiner River, a thousand feel below, 
The edges of the terraces are fretted :un] 
studded with crystals, red, green, blue 
and other colors, sprinkling a pied. 

mating - 

Mammoth Hot Springs —View of th\ Main Ten 

big trees and the various points of interest 

on the Pacific Slope, was left in our Janu- 
ary issue at Cinnabar, the terminus of the 
branch rbad which drops down from the 
line of the Northern Pacific road at Liv- 
ingston, waiting for the Stag IB to 

take him through the National fellow 

-t I':n k And whal irwhil [«m "f 

physical beaut; aud chemical n let 

await the explorer of that marvelous 
reservation ' 

The lieket procured at Livingston at a 

cost of $40 meets all the ordinary ex- 
penses of a five-days 1 (200 miles) tour of 

the park — sta^e tare, final- and lodging 

at various hotels distributed about the 

park ill convenient locations included. 

To the intelligent reader' the barest 
mention of the location, extent, &c, "i 
the Yellowstone park will raffia [I Lie 
in the midst of the mosl elei ated pari oJ 
the Rockj Mountains, it is almost en- 
tirelj hi the oorthwestern portion ol the 
Territory of Wyoming, a narrow [edge on 
the north ami west King j n the Terri- 
tory of Montana, and a small northwestern 
section being in the Territory of Idaho. 
In area is aboul 1500 square miles. or, to 

put il in a more practical way, one 

mighl i ii ilk out the States of Delaware 
and Rhode Maud on a map of the Yel- 
lowstone Park and still have a space lefl 
representing an area of aboul S00 Bquare 

mile-. Through the park c se the 

Gardiner, the Yellowstone and other swift- 
running rivers. Mere arc the head walei- 

ofthevaat Missouri River system. In the 
southern part of ihe reservation is the 
"Continental Divide." The melting 
snow on ,>ue slope of the Roi kies never 
rests until ii is poured into the bosom of 
the Ulnntic through the Gull ol Mexii o; 

thi ■ ( the otltei slopi ei entualh 

tind their '.-. i'. ovei d 

through interminable canons, to the 


thus protected, roam through the park in 
herds. About the only thing free to the 
visitor is the fishing. 

The topography of the park 
didly unique. Everywhere are 
evidences of volcanic forma- 
tion. There are indisputable 
proofs, too, at points, of the ex- 
istence of colossal glaciers at 
some remote period. The tour- 
ist who has explored the won- 
ders of the Rockies in the 
vicinity of Manitou and Pike's 
Peak, who has drunk in the 
wild grandeur of the Grand, 
Blank and Arkansas canons, 
w ho has -(nod on the floor of 
the Vallq of the 'i osemite and 

looked with awe Upon those 
giant monoliths, veined with 
waterfalls, finds it impossible to 
conceive that nature can hold 
anything in reserve. The 
ruggedness, the weirdness, the 
sublimity of physical conoep 

tion, seem to have I n realized 

so completely that there is do 
margin left. Hut altera week's 
acquaintance with the Yellow- 
stone, each hour marking a 

new sensation, hi- astonished 
and delighted senses tell him— 

This is the crowning wondei 

with its jagged mountain en- 

t im,, m« mi - i- grim, as majestic, 

as capricious as those of the Yoseraite, and 

scarcely below them in loftiness, the -ubter 

ranean wonders of the Yellowsl give il n 

charm that is ; ,n its own , The flooi of 
the vallej is largely asemi-calccrouscrust, 
below whii b little rivers of boiling watei 
.are seething and gurgling by chemical ac 
tion. The more active of these springs 

wo-k their wa\ to the SU1 fa ■ 

Ecally send upgreal 'eta of steaming water, 

hite. The crystallization 
in places, bs shown by the 
picture, presents the appear 
anee of frozen cascades. 

The two white shafts 
shown in the smaller section 
of the picture are cones ol 

extinct springs. They are also 
calcerous formations growing 

out of the sediment of the 
water. The larger of them 
is 45 feet high and 20 Fei I in 
diameter al the basa it is 
known as Liberty Cap. 
Giant's Thumb is the name 
of the other. 

Thi- calcerous deposit ex- 
tends over an area of several 
square miles, comprising s 
number of terraces similar 
to that described, Many of 
the springs of these terraces, 
except the first, are now ex- 
tinct. There are numerous 
hot springs, howevei . along 

the course of the 1 im i 

Ahout nine miles from the 
Mammoth Hot Springs the 
route of the tourist takes him 
past the celebrated Obsidian 

Cliffs. Theseare brittle walls 

of opaque volcanic glass, 
about -Jill) feet high and 1000 

feet in extent. Tin Bunlighl 
playing upon this jetty muss, relieved in 

places l'\ vein- of red and yellow, gives 

sniiK' dazzling effects. 

The first ol the great geyser fields ap- 

ae hastj pudding is puffing and boiling, 
These mud springs are known a- "painl 
pots "" 

■ ■ , v,-n fen 
minutes, while others are in action only 

once a da\ , 01 even less, These geysers 
have funnels which penetrate the earth 

almost vertically to an unknown depth. 

(The writer enjoyed the sensation of de- 
scending in ladder- Into the inky funnel 

of iin extinct "spOUtei " lor a depth of 
'2D0 feet.) Along this funnel, ami partic- 
ularly iit iin' bottom, it is supposed, :ll( . 
\iiriou> indentations or "pockets," which 
become tilled with steam from (he hoi 
springs about them, As the water poms 
into the funnel from the springs above, 
this steam at the bottom becomes more 
and more compressed until finally tin' explo- 
sion takes place which causes the watery 

The most pretentious geyser in this 
locality is the Monarch which mice m 
24 hours sende up a column of watei b hun- 
dred feet high 

It is further on, i.i the Lower Geyser 

Basin, that the ge\ ser w under of the world is 

to be seen. The basin covers a tract of ahout 
40 square miles, over which arc distributee 1 

more than 600 hOl -I'lini;- and 17 geysers. 

And the greatest of them all is the Excel- 
sior, Onceevcrj hour and twenty minutes 
ii sett].- down to business, ami u 1- 
worth going across the continent in see 
Around the cone of its funnel is a capa- 
cious basin fl.'iU feet in diameter and tilled 

with boiling hot water fed by numerous 

hoi springs. Suddenly (here is a .piaking 

and rumbling in the bowels of ihe earth, 

and with a thunderous roar that may he 

heard for mile- a magnificent column of 

water lifts itself like a Hash anywhere from 

100 to 300 feet. The water of the basin 

goes rushing to join the spurting column, 

which varies in dii iter from 15 to pur 

Imps 40 feet. Great Btonesarehurled even 
far above the uplifted water, falling hun- 
dreds of feet :iu.i\ and causing Ihe s|nela- 
tors to tlee lor safety The eruption cou- 

tinues for several minutes. Most of the 
descending water pours over the ledge of 

the basin down into the Firehole River, 
which for half a mile becomes ti seething 
tlood. The basin, almost dry now, is re- 

proai led by this route is ihe Norris Ceyser 

Basin, over a large tract of land hot 

springs bubble up and geyseri -| I al 

ever) turn The clouds of rising Bteam, 
the spattering and sizzling ■>( thesprings 
and the Intermittent action of thi gi ,s< i 

bewilder Ihe M-llo! The wale, ol Ihe 

a> crystal, while in other springe b ihorl 
disti ■ tw '\ pasl j i olored mud as thick 

pi, nisHfed l)j H undi rlying wrings a timo 

for ihe He--, t disi hai gi 

Tin- greal gej Jer, the largest and most 
powerful known, became active mil, nine 

i cm . ago m i- one "i 'he rues I remarfe 
,,l,l, and mosl magnificent -igi.i ceh 


Further on, in the I ppi , I ;. ; , ei Ba in 

is „ group ,,t -|,i, adid '-■,■■. [era that are the 

wonder and admiration of (he tourist. The 

more prominent onea are located in an 
area of hall ■> Bquarc mile. Foremost 

in popularity, because of his 

Li nf spurting every 60 minutes 
Ml ,i ,,,..,, disappointing tbe audience, is 
Old Faithful. The operation continues 
for full live minutes. A good idea of this 
iction is shown in the accom- 
panying picture. The needle-like water 
column varies in height from 100 1" 150 

feet, it is only a foot or bo in diameter, 
Near bj is the Bee-Hive, whicb emits an 

nun-wal ,|iiantit\ of strain ami lifts its spray 
,. I, U -"-iO feet, The Giantess is 11 

: t| Loua geyser 400 feet awaj . El 

spurts like a fountain, the water forming a 

kind of aerial cascade from fl 

height ol &60 feet. Other notable geysers 

in this immediate vicinity are the Grand 
;l ,id the Splendid. 

All through the Yellowstone Park lie 
scenery is richly varied and sublimely im- 
posing. There are ragged peaks which 
stand up a mile and over from summit to 
the floor of the valley, and two miles above 
the Bea-level, There are canons and 

gulches <>f unsurpassed wildness. There are 
Foaming streams and leaping waters in rich 
rind wild profusion. These characteristics 
having been fully treated in former papers, 
I have aol though! ii necessary to repeat 
the description i» detail here. Of the 
splendid Yellowstone Kails and the match- 
less Grand Canon, differing from oil other 
great mountain chasms, I merely give 

i lie reader a glimpse through the graphic 
description of the Kev. Dr. Wayland 


\nd mm, where sliall T liegin! and bow 

shall I, ill JlllV W'i-e. desnihi' (Ills tremendous 
.edit — il- ..\ , ti»>wii mg grandeur, .md. .1! Hi.' 

But here is inn j< 
too, On eithei 
sculptured rock. 

.hell .>!!■" I. mm, .0,1. h it I..,, 
/.(HI lei 7 into the gorge l.elmi 

unbroken, compaei , shining 1 
But your eves are nil the 1 

Foamy ribbon then awful have [ ever seen than the yawn 

g of that eliasn, And the stilln. -.- ~.l. inn 

midnight, profound as death ! The water 

da Inn i hi 1 .', a> in a kind of 

et shades came, and after- 
onbeams, I waited then. 
ik, .jutting out into that 
eous chasm. I was ap- 
ed, afraid and yet eom- 
li b as 1 poch in my 

An Ode to the Per 

lit Mill Cnrlrton 

Pen : we linn- thy praise 
Wherever mind has walked its devious wan ! 

Tl ght lias hern tn >i -in ■ very laud anil age 

Where thy thin lips have kissel the virgin 

Milton groped, his eyes thick 

Thee, Robert Hums, voire of the heart's best 

1 hngpipe sweet ami -I run- ; 

struck n home-made 

Out of the llamiim lexienns nf heaven ! 
O Pen ! when in the old-time scboolhouse we 
Strove 'neath our teachers rod to master thee. 
And, I" i-Mn- dnw n u j urn some sad old desk, 

s,.ni, angi 1 toid "iii inei perienoed youth 
That, niter all, that copy told the truth 1 
O Pen ! what if thy purses hold 
Some coin that never came from wisdom's 

What if thou writest countless reams on reams 
Of manuscript, t<> ti-oulile printers' dreams ! 
What if thy cheap and easy wielded prongs 
Indite i-iieh vear a hundred thousand songs 

The falls unroll I hen whitene-. down nmid the 
canon glooms. * ■<■ ; ' These rocky sides are 
almost perpendicular: indeed, 111 many places 

compared with tine reality. It i 

i Itself , great and beautiful as it is, , 

; -' il~ him \ 1 li-us sellui-— (., tile|iM-.ni_. ' 
11,1 em-lei iii._ .,.||„„,iiit.i whu-ti tin rivtr leaps 

and through which it flows, dw hulling to hut n I 

tables at the 

1 long baton you heai It sta Eke, 'Nothing 

Soenas "> the Grand Oafion 

11 ly all the hours of that after- I And yet v 

t hint thee Sanctum King ! 


i cent* peragatt '<"•- 


\ Ive 

\ v ,. r: , L .- .iiriiiMii"M l.i-i year 
5^000 per Imne. 

X,,hs<Ti/->ti»n . "■■■ '/< 

dpi ntJ urfto "''' " 

tnl.n\; suhsr, tj.tin 

mbt r i 11 

(/ thrm 

W. a. Borst , of Vie Branlford Mat 

rwn r„/^„.. Brai it/ord, Ontario, u rftfi 
,/Oj , ; \ i/,.s ,,.-. redited aawnl to that city 

New York, march, 1880. 

sin Practical Writing-No. 11 33 

D. T. Ama. _ 

e of Aniline Inks -- *» 

ag Writing in a Business CoUege- 

st Pnw l-njM-i . ..... •- - «J> 

r »"! l <t-i!!.iiir'| t '"" l ' n "" M '"'.'..."'.".'.. 36 

,'■' ,„, ,, -,', ■ M-u,.ii- M 

i 1 w .„ 7. ,,'Im ,- n< the Public 

' | 86 

HAND Dl rARTMl M 30-3- 

■i'iUii'^'nm'i,"' K\.'i.-i-«. |..v I'rarl !-'■'. 
STHF ('(1NHSKNT ;W - ;! " 

i) r. Ame*. 

tri«- Yellowstone l'mk-The (ireat 
icyscr Fields ; The frowning Wonder. 
i the Pen ■• * 

u ,u i arleton. 

Iilie School fomliei-sat Fault— A New 
flourishing Contest and other Jotm- 

•n n (tl^'lTf 11 '" 18 *° 

Competitors to have until September i 
to get their specimens into this office. 
The same rules that governed the last con- 
test to govern this, and the awarding of 
prizes to be made in the same way— by 
vote of The Journal readers. 

All intending competitors will oblige 
\>\ notifying us of their determination. 

Borne of Neat Month'* Attraction*, 
Beginning of Professor Boffs writing 


Page-lesson in flourishing (richly illus- 
trated), by either Moore, ZanerorSchofield. 

Prize-winning papers on teaching writ- 
ing in public schools. 

Bird-flourish, by D. H. Farley; let- 
ters, by F. H. Hall; a beautiful example 
of plain script, by J. P. Byrne; illus- 
trations in plain and ornamental pen work. 
by The Journal staff, H. W. Kibbe and 


, II >',.. 


To' Remove Ink Stains £ 

PenPoints *J 

I n-.i nn I ioti in IVnu i.i-k N't '- '■' 

//. FT. Kibbe. 
The Stenograph 4 ;> 

hi LiiiiTiN boai 


The Journal has made arrangements 
with Messrs. M. B Moore, C. P. Zaner, 
and Fielding Schofleld, winners of the 
prizes offered for the best three pen flour- 
ishes, fur a lesson each on Pen Flourish- 
ing. These lessons will be printed in the 
April, May and .Tune issues of The Jour- 
nal respectively. Each lesson will occupy 

:it least u page of The JOURNAL and will 
In richly illustrated. Of course each 
author will show his best, both in text 
and illustration. Each is an acknowl- 
edged master of the 
splendid specimens fi 
! .'iiih printed, what c 

and after the 
their pens rc- 


. $40 

Tin extraordinary success of our recent 
prize flourishing contest, both Eu the 

beautiful specimens it brought out and 
the interest it stirred up in penmanship 
circles, has induced us to offer still greater 
inducements for another contest. Tbe 
time given in the lasi contest was rather 
short, many penmen who might have com- 
peted being barred by pressure of other 
engagements. The plan we propose now 
will, we believe, be universally satisfac- 

For the beat flourish we offer a cash 
prize of $25. 

For the second best flourish we offer 
B cash prize of $10. 

For the third best flourish we offer a 

\ in. - i Minprudium of Practical 

.in.! i irnamental Penmanship " (price, $5). 

After all, the old question of the 
successful teaching of penmanship in the 
public schools is the one of paramount im- 
portance to the youth of our land. We 
have given the subject a great deal of 
thought, and it seems to us very clear that 
it is a question of reaching the brains and 
the consciences of the public school teach- 
ers. The pupils arc all right and ripe. 
How many of The Journal readers (un- 
less they happen to be well acquainted 
in the few cities that employ special teach- 
ers of writing) can call the names of half 
a dozen public school teachers who care a 
rap for penmanship anyhow ? How many 
of the hundreds of "educational" jour- 
nals of this country — the journals that 
draw their thinly buttered bread from the 
public school teachers— devote any part 
of their sacred space to the exposition of 
scientific methods ot teaching writing ? 
We see column after column devoted to 
botany and physiology, logarithms and 
what-not, supplemented by magnificent 
essays on the propagation of barnacles and 
mushrooms, but scarcely ever a word on 
a branch of education that is tbe primary 
requisite of the average young person who 
expects to earn his own bread. 

The writer was present at the sessions of 
the National Educational Convention at 
San Francisco last summer. Public school 
teachers from every State and Territory in 
the Union were present, and many from 
the outside, running up in the thousands 
in the aggregate, From bcginulug to end 
of the proceedings, extending over several 
days, not one word was said about the 
teaching of penmanship. The proceed- 
ings reek with discussions and disserta- 
tions on almost every conceivable educa- 
tional topic, t'j-crpt that particular subject 
which is universal and all-comprehensive — 
which must in some fashion become a part 
of the education of every hoy and girl in 
tbe land. Theories and methods of teach- 
ing history, grammar, geography, mathe- 
matics, physics, &c.. &c, without limit; 
the graphic, preservative art — penmanship 
— the custodian of thought and events, 
nil. The writer happens to know, too, 
that this was uot a mere oversight on the 
part of the powers that be in the National 
Educational Association. Long before the 
assembling of the convention their notice 
was directed to this neglected branch, and 
an earnest plea made to give it somerecog- 
nition. The appeal was not even pro- 
vocative of the most formal acknowledge 

This is the state ol things that confronts 
us. There is no use begging the question, 
The public school teachers, or those who 
have the direction of the course of educa- 
tion in this country as a class, do not in- 
terest themselves in teaching those under 
their care how to write. Give the boj a 
copy and let him work at the puzzle for 
himself or give it up as a bad job, as most 
of the teachers have done. If anything goes 

wrong, blame the copybooks Thai is the 

most convenient way sn far devised to let 
down the delinquent teacher casih , and 
he loug ago learned to work the trick for 

all it is worth. 

But who is to teach these public school 
teachers, provided any considerable num- 
ber of them cared to learn I Who is to 
show them how to develop the artistic 
ideal and the manual dexterity in their 

pupils! Who but the specialists in pen 
maoship — the men who have devoted their 
educated faculties to just that-^-teach- 
ingboys and girls to write? That is the 
conclusion we have reached. That is the 
conclusion which must force itself upon 
any one who has given the, subject intelli- 
gent thought That is what has induced 
in to seek with great persistency a full and 

Free expression of opinion, not of i bul 

of all the recognized masters in this line, 
that their views and an exposition of (heir 
methods might be spread out for the ben- 
efit of the great teaching profession at 
large. We have accomplished less, in- 
deed, in this direction than we could wish, 
but far more than we were encouraged to 
expect. We have in hand at this time a 
dozen or more papers on this subject from 
eminent specialists who have made this 
their business in life and built a reputa- 
tion on the good results tin v havrolitaiiioil 
from their pupils. If these men are uot 
authorized to speak out who arc ( 

The publication of these papers will 
begin with the next number of The Jour- 
nal. We believe that no such important 
contribution (taken as a whole) to the 
penmanship-teaching literature of our 
timts has been made. Certainly there has 
been no such boon recently to the live, 
conscientious teacher who sincerely wishes 
to get the best practical results from his 
pupils, but is honestly handicapped by 
defects of his own training in this partic- 
ular line. 

Three Business Letters — nothing 
fancy about either of them— all different, 
but all practical. Here is a chance for 
our writing teachers. Which style would 
you prefer your pupils to write ( The 
three BpecimenJ are printed in this issue. 
Don't evade the question, but let us have 
your vote. This to every reader. 

Mb. Powers, of Watertown, N. Y., 
kindly sends us a list of the towns of the 
United States which, to his knowledge, 
employ special writing teachers in the 
public schools. Surely this cannot be a 
full list' ('an any of our friends supple- 
ment ltl And can any of our friends in 
the towns named supply us with the names 
of the special writing teachers 1 

These pertinent INQUIRIES eome a 

us from a man who has won his spurs ta 
a teacher of penmanship: 

How much tune i- generally required of i 
special leaei:oi of [lenumnslni. m a Ini-iness e,.| 
lego and is it customary for linn to give al 
his tune, b.'tli 'lav ami evening (Sal unlays in 


I- it usiiallv eust. unary for a [lettman to do 
wmk niit-iilr ■■! ' -chnnl ho ill's an. I n-eeivc pay 
for sarin- <>r (!..•■- Ux 1 college ilenminl pay tor 

all extra work I 

Respectfully referred to business col- 
lege proprietors. 

The ADVERTISING rates of The JOUR- 
NAL will be increased very soon, Very 
likely the announcement will be ni.ul.- n. ■ ... i 
mouth. There will be no disturbance of 
existing contracts and no extra charge to 
present advertisers. The JOTTRNAl 'b steady 
advance in circulation, accelerated re- 
cently by the consolidation with it of The 
Penman's Gazette, has outgrown the old 
rates. Those interested will please take 

Scuoi ua.n's ADMIRABLE PAPER on the 
teaching of writing in the public schools, 
which was awarded the first prize in that 
class, is printed elsewhere. It is lull of 
rich, sound meal. Next month the win- 
mas in the remaining competitions will be 
printed, Judge in all the classes, A. J. 

To draw out men — or rather to draw 
out what is in men— their ideas, their 
methods, their "tricks," if you please, of 
getting at what is in the boy— their pupil 
—and developing it, putting il Into BUCD 

a shape that it will become a part of his 

lift — that is The Journal's idea of pro- 
voking iliscussii.ii among its friends who 
are interested in teaching. It is ideas we 
want, not personalities 

KNOW, the business 
opportunity offered in our advertising col- 
umns for the purchase of a prosperous 
commercial college is a good one. 

We are still short of Journals for last 
November, and will gladly pay 10 cents 
apiece for them or send any of our pen 
premiums in exchange. 

Who can Guess II f 

Editor oe The Journal : 

I inclose a signature to be produced in 
your paper for the benefit of the profes- 
sion. This is the signature of a prominent 
M. D. who has published several works on 
medicine. I have never found a man who 
could read it, and if you see fit to produce 
it I would like to see how many, if any, of 
the readers of The Art Journal can make 
it out. Yours truly, 

C. M. Robinson, 

Union Butineta College, La Fayette, Tnd, 

Specimen Exchangers. 
A number of very capable penmen have 
sent their names during the past month to 
be added to the list of those who wish to 
exchange penmanship specimens. The 
list now stands : 

|{. E. Morriss, McPherson Institute, Re- 
publican City. Kan. 

c. Qr. Fechner, New Berlin, Tex. 

D. ('. Rugg, Archibald's Business Col- 
h-c, Minneapolis. Minn. 

G, L. liulliekson. Dixon, III. 
J. P. Byrnes, Jamestown, N. Y., Busi- 
ness College. 

Leonard Hymns, 129 East Seventy-ninth 

street, New York. 

L. B. Lawsou, V. O. Box 784, Loa \u 
gelee, I 'al, 

A. ('. Wieand, Normal College, Hun- 
tingdon, Pa. 

L. E. Le Bane, Beatrice. Neb. 

Otto Carlovitz, Milton. Fla. 

W. S. Chase, Madison, N. U. 

<i. \Y. Miner, Canton, III. 

\\ II Horseman. Brantford, <>nt.. 

Business College. 

A. Fuller, East Boothbny, Me. 
Geo. P. Adams. Buxton Center, Me 

M. \ Host, i Kidge I'arin. III. 
I). L. Stoddard. Emporia. Kan. 

,1 .i Rackley, Butler, Ga. 
r. ii. Qorsline, Wee! New Brighton, 
N. Y. 

[Much In LHllP 

We live in an era of condensation. This 

is especially true of law with reference to 

1( . <i,„K lor business purposes Students 

no longer wish to wade through volumes on 

anj BUDJeCt when a single huol, will do a- 

well, it is justthiawam" ■•< arh 

Book of Commercial Law " supplies. It is 
iiiik h in little; contains nil the law a com- 
mer< '.'I ■ I ndenl aeede to know, and is bo 
plainly and attractively written and ex- 
|il:iini'il that (li«- stuily becomes a pleasure. 
Ii- adaptability for use in business colleges 
and in coinirn n ial departments of acade- 
mies andscmimiries is generally conceded. 
i Hi] hirnil- continue its use and new ones 
are being constant 1] added. Last year its 
sales more than doubled. 

ks announced elsewhere, sample copies 
for examination may lie had by addressing 

the publisher. We advise all* who teach 
c mercial law to send for a copy. 

> iiuiiiUts 
Judd. .If 

ege, CO- 

I'-'l"' 1 "' '''■ i ii iinl ii.iiiiiiri-ria] teachers 

of America as Mr. Judd has shown, it would 

"] pporim ■-, I,, i indefinite expansion. 

It is needless t,i say that a school which can 
send 875 subscribers is in a very flourishing 

The queen club also comes from Chicago, It 

11; J. F. Mcponald, Smith's Falls, Ont, 10; 
F. A. White, Adairsville, (ia., HI, and a large 
iiiiiii1«t of smaller club. Among tin- latter 
is one of "> from &. Bertram, Honolulu. 
Sandwich Islands; one of 4 from P. F. 
Brennan, Halifax, N. S., and one of of nun 
J. Henderson, M Belle Vue Road, Leeds, Eng- 
land. We merely m»-tit 1. .n (lies,, to show the 
territorial rang? r>f The .Ioiunals suh.erip- 

Tbe Icing club for January (announcement 
crowded out of last issue) n umbered 7!> iiumes 
(tn>l was srnt l.v that prince .if jienmen H. W. 
Flickinger, of tin- College of Commerce, Phil- 
adelphia. The queen club, numbering -Hi, 
was sent by J. E. tiustus, Bethany College, 
Eind.sborg, Kan. 

School and Personal. 

—J, F. Knowlton is having very flattering; 
success in teaching penmanship at tin- Kast 
Maine Seminary, Bucksport, Me. 

—The Daily "Megraph, ol Richmond, Cnd., 

has this to say in a recent issue of W. H. 
Shrawder, the energetic penmanship direetor 
in the Richmond Business College: " Professor 
Shrawder was born on the same day cf the 
month that heralded in (leorge Washington. 
Professor Shruwder was neither cut out for a 
wielder of the sword nor a ' father of his . -111111- 
trv,' hut in penmanship h 1 ' --ols high ,-ilnnv 

Ohtlds, i.i Springlield, Ma-s ,an.l E M Hunt- 
singer, of Hartford, Conn., all well-known 
comineivjul teacher, ami college proprietor.., 
and all former pupil- of lYofevsor Hinmun. 

—Messrs. Brower & Parsons. » ho have 
been conducting a well -patronized normal 
school at Wilton Junction, Iowa, contemplate 
*■ -[erring the scene of their operations to 

some larger ' 

pet. nl teachers, 

or Canada when 

rial r-.i II. ■■_;.■ 1- in ileniaiul Would d<i well to 

avail itself of the opportunity. 

— The friendsol Prof. W H. Shelley. siij H -rin- 
tenileuf o| the public -.ehools of York, I'a., a 
scholaraud the editor- of that very entertaining 
periodical Tin- Fnuntniu, are urging hi-, an 
pointuieiit as Stat,- SiHieniiterideut of Public 
Education for Pennsylvania. 

— J. Howard Keeler, proprietor of the -Am- 
sterdam, N. V , Business College, proudly C11- 
nouuees that he has enrolled Id? pupils since 
September. This is jood worii Eeeler is a 
good teaeltei- an<l a pai M ulai I ■. -m ■■ n 1 iter 

— C.J. Wellnian , p ,.1 ,,:■ ,.„ , H 

teaching i-oiinian-iiip at Eu-t -In lira v. 



\^s CZ^<i<-C^-ZS>££*. 

- LCW^CZt^l' 

.™H[fW„.£i,j™,»l]. Submitted for Competition! Prize Clans No. 4. and One of the Three Sreeimevs Selected „. „ u , 

";■■""; "'""V "";",;;" ""••»•"■•■•■'■ '-*- «> n*w i ,„„„.„,., i „;/,:,:,;,',;;' 

which 0} thee, Specimen,. halite Awarded First Prize, which Second and which Third. [Size of Original SxH Inch**, 

the levolutii.imi, tn„ and holds rank ns 
'first intb.-li, nt. ..f ],i M ,ii|,il, Ami so tin.,- 
|>ii|,ils iidiI in. ui, in,. „,l, mr i „t (he Busiuis* 
1 " l1, " ln-l 'tutu in. I ln-1.1 ii irfiy social in 
honor of his birthday." 

—One of The Journal's old anil esteemed 
Inin.K is Omi-l-, a \V n), 1 v.. -,I.,.| L„ Knv.-tl.. 
Iii'i.. wild has ,v,i,„,l ami won fame l,v flirtiii" 


■■If Tlu, [Milin for the 

li'"l i-inii in nf Eiirim 
l.'k'e Tkk Journal 
■ii siilisc-i ifi.'rs n year 

'in,' otlirr i Inh, Unit 
- th.. month. It will 

• 1-nt itMii in I.-,, Inn- 

I Niiiinal 

a, San Jose, 

•■■"■'' '■- iKn-.n'-.i I, .. li„i„, no I™.' 

' I i.-l.l.,,. is I !„:,! r. ,t, Buffi i ' 

HI . 17. I' II liorslin,., teacher 

"I writing in nulili,- „h,x.Ls of West Sew 

lliichon. N ^ ,.-,. u H E|lj K „ reta 

- "tiillm, l:.. J E. I Instil,, Beth- 


-P, J. Toland has sold his commercial eol- 
cat Canton, 111., to (i. W Miner, a tonne, 
ail. the latt.-r seems to be full v e.piippeil 
the work in hand, and we wish him every 

— C. M. Wiener, Smith Whitley, Ind is an 
ambitious young oriianieutal i«-n'man who will 
ery BUbBttm- 
ip a go ' 

_— Unoccupied young penmen are invited by 
H. L. Carver, Heat nee, NYb. to take an ageuey 
for his Family Records, which are well spoken 

—Messrs. 0. E. and F. C. Fulghum, propn- 

l ' 1 " 1 - ol the Riehlllond. hid., HllMllevs I 'oil ■ 

gave their pupil> a delightful entertninii]eutoii 
the evening of February _»•.'. About '.'.'.it pnpiLs 
ami graduate, wele present, say, the Hieh- 
nioiid I'alhi. /,<•„, 

— The Transcript, Holyoke, Mass., of Feb- 
ruary lti has ™ ~ 

H. B. Par- 
host of w( 


H it.- "i Michigan 
mber is the Grand 
conducted by the 

1 old stand-bys is 

\rur^ has been with 
John V. Farwell & 
tells handles a pen 

i i.i-i. stand 

.wert Metro- 

Mrs Judd 

' and teacher. 

They Ine at Knglewood, III. 

— Asa master of praeti. al ■• l.i 

'.Vl', ' , , 1 !' ,""*' «" ) " 1 "" 1 iepn-s ado. nation „t 

E. H. Robins, of Wichita, Kan, 
—There was an informal reunion of the 

graduate, of Mr. I. S. Wal Woi t \,\ sho, thand 

ami tTpewritins Institute, Brooklyn, on the 

evening of February J,. Mi Tlio,,,,, \\ 

< Islioi -ii,- , the expert . all-, i ;,, I --: 
Profes.sor.Iuds prestidigitator, were centers 

—Henry Hart, nrhose address is p. ii Box 
188, Rochester, N. ^' , make, a bw ■ [ab * ol 

liiriushme l.aiige- to,- - ,- : ,.|„..,t ,,, . ,| ;l ,.,. s ,,, 

"1 1- and colleges, and in tai i lm ,ir 

who may want them; al-o und-ii- |.., pn/,. s 
ami pres,>ntations \\\. \,-i\. he, ,, a.|\ . n i,,,,,- 
his work fom Imig time aci he el to bear 
the Arab word about it thai Ii nol praise, both 

as regards prices and .jiialit \ oi ,m,, kiuanslup 

— i: w Qetsinger is meeting with success 
as nn itinerant leach,., ,,f |Kiimans|,ip in the 
houth. His. In ,id.|ii ii Pi. ,o, ,ii Paiksville, 

— An attractive little cjreulai comes from 
the \\ esleyan business College, s-ahua Kan 
A. T. Griffith is principal and \ i i;,,i,. 

—Putnam & Kin-lev-. "Celebrated Pens" 
are making their wav in the market. They 

neioie. ami mat I. saving a great deal Colonel 
■ s "lile is to I ||< ha\iug so ahle 

a coadjutor at the head of his j>enmanship de- 


—J. P. Byrne, of the Jamestown, N Y, 

I'.nsimv. College, .ends some v cry handsome 
siM-i-inums ol writing and Horn isIiiiim \ hird 
flourish by J, M U'aile, Kmlenton, Pa., isexe- 
Cuted in a free, sketch style that is very at- 

flourishing and drawing 

compliments of F. H, Hall, of the Troy, "n. v", 

Business College. Hall is a numb, i one pen- 

— E. L. Wiley. 1'aiiiesville, Ohio, sends some 
beautiful cards. Others come from D, E. 
Blake, dales], urg Mieh., who has |irogressed 

East Booth ha 

lislim-j. Mi— \ Fuller, 
nd J. P. Howard, Bags- 

hv w. « Wagner, High Point ST. I \ \- 

Skeels, Chatham, t int. : A E, Pats-ons, Wilton 
Junction, Iowa, and E E Rogers. Isli|>eming, 

— Among the juniors who show their hands 
are W. A. Smith, Exira, Iowa; Clarence E. 
Oriu. I,\, Stall'oid Springs, Conn , and Pliny 
Farr, ia years old. of (instil. 111. The latter 
|B a pupil of C. E Beck, and writes extremely 

of penmanship in the ilii 
—Letters from the 

host, of others, are part 
for the quality of then 

, 'Hon 

Kan., with 

Character and Individuality 

While perusing the " Educational Die- 
edition hi which several of the principals 

and tea. 1 1 « < "I tin- public scl I- of New 

York. City took partj in the ZW&»n« 
of February in. my attention wai arri '- 1 
by the only allusion to penmanship con- 
tained in (In discussion. I refer to the 
■ . pre—.-d by Miss Julia Itieh- 
man, principal of the girls' department of 
Grammar School No. 7. 

Personally I am unacquainted with Miss 
Hirliman; but I am conscious of the worth 
of this lady as an educational factor in this 
city, and can attest to her ability, having 
had the pleasure of hearing her deliver an 
extemporaneous address recently. En which 
she impressed her hearers mosl favorably, 

i givi trbatim the paragraph which is 
of interest to penmen : 

Take penmanship. Wen Tork pupil- 

make the best penmen. Their writing is 
like copperplate, but it has do individu- 
ality, I tried to correct this feature in niv 

sehool, iinri succeeded t i some exlenl, hut 

my teachers said we were falling behind 
in penmanship. The writing is plain and 
legible, I replied, and there la cbaractei in 

il : that is What I want. 

My purpose in writing is not born of any 
desire to animadvert on the opinions of 
Miss Richmon or any one else. I wish 
simply to lay hare eertai" phenomena in 

penmanship which arc accepted by some 

Uegarding the penmanship of the pupils 

of the public schools of New York, their 
copperplate characteristics, &c, 1 will not 

speak, lniiiLf unable to suhstant iate or con- 
tradlCt these statements, not having seen 
the specimens accessary for a just criticism. 
Hut what I do wish to call attention to is 
that portion relative to individuality and 
character in penmanship. 

To hi-ifin with, character and individ- 
uality are synonymous terms. I will, 
therefore, use these terms intei vhaiojeabl v. 

Is the affinity between penmanship and 
character (if there be any) strong enough 
to exert an influence one over the other, 
and, if so, what is the effect ' Is ii favor- 

ablOj adverse, or indifferent '. 

hues the penmanship mold the charac- 
ter of the individual (which is highly im- 
probable) or dor- the character n bich is 
inherent in the individual mold ilie pen- 


[s individuality some special preordained 
gift, and is it subject, like penmanship, to 
change or is it immutable? [f indii id- 
uality is mutable, what is the cause and 
the effect of its mutation ? 

Hither character is independent of pen- 
manship, or, if it be embodied in it, it 
must have been born with the individual ; 

bm as penmen understand it penmanship 
is progressive— no one being perfect in his 

ineipicney —he becomes so only alter |onu 

and patient study ami practice, 

Characteristically, what does good pen 
inanship denote? Conversely, whal does 

poor penmanship denote? 

Penmanship, it is said, reflects the in- 
dividuality and character, This rule, to 
a certain extent, holds good, 

Willi pour penmanship onci i) 

find abundant individuality, as there are 
different degrees of bad writing, some 

worse than others : DUl tie uighl -id, ■■•'■■ 

of good writing, that which is perfect, re 
mains immutable; therefore, what char- 
acter doe- the best writing denoto? 
Poor penmanship generally reflects most 

truly some of the personal char u lei 'is| lev. 

to the detriment of the writer li tnoni- 

le-t- it-ell priniMiiK in igta.ranee, lack of 

artistic taste, carelessness, indifference, 
hasti . .\e 

i i penmanship is the refles ol know I 

edge, a cull h ated oest In I ii taste, care, 

study, patience. &C 

In the evolutiem of penman-hip, as the 

individual progTessea mon md more, does 
tliis advance indicate a similar and com- 
mensurate increase in charai tei "ttevj not 

an individual, no matter how great his 
progress in penmanship, deteriorate in 

character, notwithstanding hi- belt, i pen- 
manship ? 

Or, if better penmanship does not indi- 
cate bettei character, and if. inversely, his 
previous but poorer penmanship did, then 

it follow-, tl />/'•>/ (', that the better peninan- 
ship eradicates his individuality and char- 
acter in the improvement of his penman- 

And. lastly, is character reading in writ- 
ing consistent in all cases ; 

Miss Richman says: "The writing is 
plain and legible, and there is character in 
it. That is what I want." 

Now, I challenge the desire contained in 
the above statement regarding the aim in 
the teaching of penmanship. 

The fallacy of this statement is evident 
on its face; for in the public schools of 
New York the pupils practice penmanship 
from engraved copies which are entirely 
destitute of character, and the teachers 1 
requirements of the pupils are to obtain the 
nearest possible results to these copies, ir- 
respective of character. I doubt verv 
much if there be a single teacher (the 
majority are single 1 ) in any school who ad- 
locates the attainment of character in pen- 
manship as the result. 

In conclusion, I wish to relate an ex- 
perience! had in discussing this individual- 
ity in writing with a gentleman highly 


(Contributions Tor this Department may 1,! to it. F. Khi.i.r:v.olliee of The Pp.: 

MAN'S AllT .JoillWI Uriel e.Uieiit naial Itel! 


Ohio Wesleyan University has over Si 


The Pratt Institute [>.r Industrial Educa- 
tion, at Brookhn, N V , Isths largest institu- 
tion of its kind in the world. 

The first game of football in the country was 
played at New Haven in PS40 between two 

The "pav-mll of the Michigan Universitv is 
*U\UOtJHcr annum. 
The eneyclop;edin published by the Academy 

the whole of Prussia for the year 1887-SS 
1.117. In three provinces it had more than 1 
per cent.; in Pnsen. M.-W: in West. Prussia, 
4.1)0, and in East Prussia, 4.10. In the remain- 
ing provinces it was less than 1 percent, 
ill the ;,nun.n<Ki of AlVieans, t;,.-.on,uoO me 

) of them could not read t 
Knuiaii.i, withapo I)U lntionora6,000,OOO.had 

midei .Villi) students at her mm ei sitie- in 1N>L' 
Germany, with a population of 4-'.,- > -">'l.(HHt, ha<l 

Photo-Engraved from Pen Copy mad* by LeDoit BTt'moa//, Principalof the-Lowell, Mass.. 
• ;„„„,, ratal College. 

educated, a Ph. I)., and now a young di- 
vine in England. 

On seeing some skillfully executed speci- 
mens and reproductions of penmanship, 
this gentleman immediately recognized 
them by the cognomen of " Spencerian," 
and then and there expressed his antipathy 
to everything savoring of the "Spencerian,'' 
by intimating that they lacked individual- 
ity, and that they were mechanical, "as 
such writing had a tendency toward a cer- 
tain standpoint," 

He said, furthermore, " my own writing 
is execrable ; nevertheless, it exhibits 
character." I agreed with him and told 
him that it exhibited the character of in- 
difference to the beautiful in penmanship 

Be told me that his sister's written JI's, 
though thej apparently represented the 
outstretched claws of a scorpion in BgODj , 
were his ideal as to individuality; these 
M's were strictly original, and defied all 
attempts to decipher them. 

Opinions like these. 1 believe, are the 

prcvalenl acceptations of " individuality " 

nid "character" in penmanship by those 

who know leaal of the beauties of the pen. 


k / ., ..< ,n, itreet, New York. 

The Lone Star BbKIO- 
nantly.— " I'l. :e-e -end another gross of 

Aon- Beat Pens They arc the besl I 
nave evei used." — T. D. Graham, Princi- 
pal Commercial Department Central Col- 
lege, Sulphur Springs, Tex. 

Burglars sometimes hide under the ln-d, but 
the New York AVirs has seen a cow hide in n 

Mr. Jones, to member of School Board—" " 
', what's Easter, auyhc~"' 

Member of 
_.. Look in the Bible 
the book of Easter [Esther?]; it'll tell you 
all about it." 

School Board- 

Howls that?" she quarried; "if it 

is the Father of Waters, it ought to be Mister 

Class in grammar -Teacher: "Now, chil- 
dren, I will give voi i three w ..ids— boys, bees 
-and I want ymi to compose 

Teacher- 1 " John, you may give us your se 
John— "BOVS bees bare whin they goes 

Boy [reading}—" \nd as she -ailed down the 

thev nee I men to manage them." 
■ Who was the wisest man f " asked the Sun- 
day-scl I teachei 

» Mob - I what makes pou Hunk so I " 

■ Because I fll bear papa speaking of 

' Holy Moses.' " 

"What is the meaning 01 the word tantaliz- 
ing '" ashed the teacher 

pi, ..,.,. ,,,,,, ,,, ..,,., I,.- up little Johnny ib.l 

eomb. ••Itlne.o,- . ■ ■ - l;T"'i 

lla- -ele-ollioii-e. and the -eh-lars not allow.".! 
to look out." 

i by i ai binnation - Dst 
r,,, Prw 

If he who he-mile- is I..-1 tlie man who* 
ten- must have great .liltienlt\ in Iim.Iim- I 

gii ft waisl the other night '" 

•■ Yes, I nes making Haste ■■ b bi I t 

by the l«*lt line."— /.'ov'.oi I ••< ■■!!. . 

A " f-«l man ;_'..lie uo-nj ' i- li-nallv a 

man found out. — fivfTiilii I ■'.< ^i • -•■ 

h'Ji-1 ln.v- ' I- voiir falbei (■■ml < >l li-li 
Seeonrl boy — "\"e>. 1 -m- -■ . : he ha- (' 

pi lille.l on hi- bll-Uir— . n ■! 

Why is an unpaid -ub-i-i iption lull lilc ; 

it be proper, therefore, to call o short tellei 

a stump orator - 

" So you are a jail-bird, eh ' What did 

To Remove Ink Stains. 

Inks made wilh nutgalls and copperBI 

can be removed by using a inod.i alelv 

.■ eniiaie.i solution of oxalic acid, fol- 
lowed by use of pure water, and frerpient 
drying with clean blotting paper Most 
other black inkS are era-, d b\ use of Q 
weak solution of chlorinated linn , followed 

by dilute i ri, ni. I n itei with - i « > 

is bleached In a.pia ainiuon,.,: sHvi-rinks, 

b3 potassium cyanid sodium hypoaul- , 

pbile. Some amlim colon BTi easily re- 
moved by alcohol, and mailv all by chlor- 
inated lime followed b\ dilute tcetic acid 
or vinegar. All thesi ren irl appl] td 
goods. The removal of such stains from 
tinted papers or col I '1" - g 1- S 

nearly impossible, in minv < i~> -. without 
iniparing the color nf tin 1 i bin - and -ilk 

ami in i.oi.n g 1- are liable to be acted 

upon by the chemicals so as tn he seriously 
injured*. In all cases apply the substances 
q ittJ eaiuel's-liair bin-lie- or feathers, 
and allow them to remain no longer lhan 
is necessary, after which rinse well with 
water, and dry with blotting papers 
There is no reMable method foi the re- 
moval 'if printing ink. 

Pen Points. 

— Win not oi-aui/e .m l\a-tein I Vnnien - 

Association t 
— Eighten dollars was the price paid for a 

n.aiWiper at the I'erellt Si. \;del - Krllr. 

has been slohai fro 

i:;",;,',: 1 ; 

iproaehin^ I'aiis Kxp 

Tl thee ol Registei ol the United States 

i tire h eni i ■■ ffl 

i hjflen V ietori ■■> - will was made in 18711 
,t ,, n vellum tl - am a hues 

I ! o.lumc lastene.l M) (h « l-x'k. witli 

-everal blank pa-e- left lor future ■ .-lied- 

M, ,;,, ...i, „t ,.| The i'lul.,1 (i.l.l 

i, , i Blizaheui h Ith b< I i 

attached . and s lettei from Mai tha ^\ ashing 

Vi!i -Joruvw. 


For it first lesson in c|:tl.or;it. I . -t t . - r i i 

the student should lean to make the pla 
Roman (in*' rapid); and well. Tin- peni 

guide linei i" be 
f..|ii l.\ the h'ne lines, and should be core- 
fully eraicd iiflri Hi. ■ let t-T Iri- bt'fii formed 
in ink. The letters are first outlined with 
B hard pencil. A Dixon's V II.. -li.-nj! 
ened to b fine point, is the beat for this 
ivork and Bhould be used very lightly. 

When a Square is used for each letter, 
excepting M, W and I. and a uniform space 
equal to about one-fifth the whole width 
taken from each square for the space be- 

Btylsoi writing. Tlie location of the 

1 learned, the manipulation follows 
•asing ease and rapidity, without the 

briefest and best method. 
The practical results of the stenograph, in 

.'\i'|-\ 111 vf;i !!.■>■, I 1:1 V ---t 111 .1 I-] n-rl 111,' |.| ,,,,1 I h.'l I 

Mils new method is eoital in speed to any of the 
pencil systems, demands nuictt lessexpenditnre 
lit' menial and physical strength in jt.s practical 
application, and reipiiivs lcs. time to learn it. 

Tii complete (lie ci >nt pie-its of tile stelioc/raph. 


To Penmrn :— I will give either of th 
following sets id books, elegantly bound 
in cloth, for the best < ►rii^inn I design of 
Letter Heading executed with pen suitable 
to be photo-engraved. Read tin list ■ 
Dickens, complete, ... 6 vols. 

<'• k'e Eliot , complete, 

Tlmi-keniv. complete, - In " 

shakes pea re, (Iland.\ V"l. Kil.l, IS " 

Those wishing to compete for above ad- 
dress for copy and particulars until May 1, 

care of Penman's Art Journal, 205 
Broadway, New York. 3-1 



The leading school of pen art la the South. 

ml drawing ,,, . t || i.i,,., „„„,,. ,,„ , „ 
r..nvs ! „.n ( |,.nee ■ tU it, t | \,m, ,, ;l r(lr- 

' 368. 

ami drawings of all kin-ls made 
Ln.-irn; f..rtVs,,.„ M |,. ,,,.,. ., ,| |,. , , ,.,, M|f]| 
iJesmn,. nr-r ihi-s»,„k ;1 l , ,. ;l ., >rli , | ,,,. ,,,„./, 

and -|.,-e|mensof — ■ 

WKI1H. Nasl.ville.Tenn. 

i; i" 


I hi en idem, llie\ will be in what is called 
standard form. Win n the width is more 

than the heighl they become extended, and 

when very narrow 'in proportion to their 
height, condensed 

The space between the letters should be 
larked off with a pencil as shown in A and 


and may b. 

u and 

drawn with a sir, 

and marked free-hand, The [alter is the 
practical way. 

Notice that the tops of B, s, x and /. are 

made smaller than the bottoms, which is 

"ii account of the tendency or the fact 
that ill. eye sees things Larger at the top. 

H is M.melimes contracted in the same 
way. In S and '/. this contraction should 
:ilw:i\> l>e \yd, but in the other letters 
on nt in tied il may he disregarded. 

The points of the flanges on head and 
base lines need mil he confined strictly to 

the space allotted to a letter, but extend 

a little beyond, as may he seen at the has,. 
of A. In U.V. X and V ll.ey should be 
The letters in the 

CO] iy ; 

that they may < oiltrasi .sharply 
the tine lines, hut this is not a point to he 
copied by thcstudcnl; outline as d, li,:,ie|y 
ns desired. The ringer movement is used 
and all lines should be made with the 
downward movement of the pen. 

the same alphabet in raised characters, and as 

the writing mi the stenograph can lie .Imic as 
"ell in the dark as in the h-hl, it promises tn 
I ice, mil' ,oi immeasurable comfort, and benefit 

bo those " who sit in the darkness." A book, a 

any reading matter may be copied 

their schools and arc also teaching type- 
writing. This is the practical ivny to solve tht 

question, " by doi 


■•"il I "III semi y.m iIdxi'n nr inon> wny.s ,.| ] 
writitiK it, W'i'.ti instructions . nr Herat me a '.' cent 
stamp, and I will semi you In my own 
lianil. price list descriptive of L.-ss,,ns liv Mull. Ex 
1 .- jn J .-(1 Muvi-nii-nts, ■ 1 ' l j d . ■ h r i it '* 

P. S.— No postal cards need apply 

Junction, Iowa. 

w i :j; 

, I'V -rlllliL.- 


; of the best equipped Business Colleges in 

lien, bieated in a Imt'e Fastern city, will lie 
on advantageous terms, organized I s *."' 
i]its Swkki per annum, and may be readily 


Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois Normal School 


Ladies for a successful fjl 
ni-s.1 Life. The Largest and must popular School 
iti the country. Course of study combines 
Theory with I'ract Ice. by a system nt business 
transactions, based on real values. No Vacations. 
Hates Low. Graduates iissisted to sji nations. 

The Illustrated catalogue and College Journal 

V addn 


H. Hii.t.tiw. President. 

National Business University 

COLUMBUS, - _- 1 . . . OHIO. 

Young men and Indies thoroughly educated 

Engrossing and nil Hinds .if pen 

, I Hit mi receipt ,,f $1.00 will orieflv criticise 
i plum wi ■itint', and -end Win a iiiimIcI busi- 

- Ictt.'i fre-ll t nun the pen. It we ea t 

'■M mm m ,,| k h ill liankh -al -n, n n . I ivnn n 
M.IIH for jour trouble. 
II work will lie done mid signed by the l're.s- 


\^r B R Y ANTV_^ST 

1200 anil 1908 dipn1 

Pollock, and other*. 

■ii. ■- SIIIIKTI1AMI «'„„,„. [7 

Li.' t> ' " G* K'Tlo"n-S JDJ& °'b? -Got! 

» B m W C.J II I 

M I 

/,/ '"'" '''"'"'"■''' '■■ !■■■' Copy Executed by C 8 Perry, Editor oj the" Writing Waster," Wi„fi,M, San. 

Complete directions foi spaciug will la- 

in engrossing. 

lend ol little short- 

t' 11 " tht stenograph, 
i id the I" si (ll oppor- 

: I" ■■ ' " 'i ejqml.iilitu's, 

To Business College Men: 

■ " yo id of t in- ser\ ices ol n n A 1 

ICHEH in PBNMAKSHIP, i. umpetent tOOXe- 
e all kinds nt penwnrh. ( oi ics| Im, , 

leltod. Udreaa 

I hi AM- at tii -itmd Ave, H-klyn, .\. V. 
.s h>. bio.ici.i. abibt\. &0., I iclci to 'I'lm. 

■■ I' y - 1 ' "il' -' "I lliisjn, ,.■ I'lnlinlcl- 

i.. I':i II < ^V HL.-I.I, I riiu'ipal Wnwlit's |[,,s 
SSl'..llege, I rookl.M,. K. [..,S|. v :;-l 

1'k\*iii:k ow i-iNTiiwiiii' lt ,i.i 
loiiiin.'iciiil Hriinclic- wants in eriwagt- 
with ii gond com 1 1 icri nil si ■( I N..u .■n-:i L: ,i| 

ami .im tinnisb excellent referent i - t 

pi-e-eiit employer, but ilesni'S to elmnge loea- 
i i. hi. Vddn •- 


i Lddri 

■ Ol PBNMAN'fi 

i City. 

i . .ii"i Broadway 

TheaJphai-i ieaimpleanacoin 

i CO&iplete, There 

New York City. 

ollege for fort] nlloe Id- 
.. SQ6 Broadway, 



n privite families at $3,110 per 
s free. Address 
LM 3 McKEE & HENDERSON, (iberlin, O. 


Penman axd Designer, 



DIPLOMAS for Scho 

Every Stylo of Artli 

Send stamp im 

a perfcetly strnltrln i 

ILL r:\GAGIC my service! 
class Business School Tin 
x in Commercial College work 
irtetor. Beferenoei t spec ins 



in ezperleni ed and 

Polite Science 

In |.:irtl|i|-lli| 

I km- 


Hookkecplng and Arithmetic 'I 
a desirable place for a man well qunllti 
business arithmetic and rapid calculations 
dress. giving full particulars and statiiiK s 

care THE PBNHAN'a Aiit Jochnai.. 9906 



oointdektsed list. 

For more elaborate descriptions 
enti f<>r Thi Journal for Decemb< 
aany of our best premium.*, but it is t 

d richly illustrated list send tt 
lbfc8. The following list contaii 



For Jl.OO we will send Thb Joork 
ganl in miums free. 

Lord's Prayer , Size, 19 s 2 
Flourished" Ea-dc " 24 x 3 

Flourished St:i» . " 24 X 3 

Centen'l PictureoJ Progress. 24 x 21 
Granl and Lincoln Eulogj (oui aev, 

These premium- without except! 

■ with choice of the following ele 

4. Grant Memorial f 

2, Garfield Memorial 

l. Family Record 

I, Marriage Certificate.. 
est Penmanship Premium), 
careful reproductions of : 

24 x :w. 

. -I. - ■ ; . i r . i .|ic('iiiu-iis of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 
In place of anj <>f theabove, a subscriber remitting $1.00 for The Jor/aHAL may re- 
ceive as premium :i package of Antra Cop)/ Slip*, or a copy of Antra' Guide to Prarti- 
caland Irtietic Penmanship, bound in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.25. 
Unlli Ihr (,>i',.l- hi.; <'<•/■■/ S/ipn have reached a tremendous sale and are taut/lit from 
in ...Mir m! tin IcailiiiL' business- colleges and classical schools of this Country and 
('■■ .i [tif\ ...iii:i)n everything necessary to make a good, practical business pen- 
man of a person of average intelligence, For $2 we will send The Journal one year, 
the <''"!>/' in cloth and q copy of the Standard Practical Penmanship. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subscriptions for The 
JOURNAL, we oiler a number of valuable special or rrtva premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement each subscriber will also be entitled 
to eh nice of the regular pre ill ill ins enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
Sender Of the club. Where premiums are sent by express the receiving party will 
have to pay the express charges. 

For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Ames 1 Guide in 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Ames' Compendium oj "Practical and Or- 
namental Penmanship. The price of rhis superb work, recognized as the standard, is 
$5, We have heretofore sent it with a club of ttnh-r. 

Fur $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Ames' 1 Brat Pens. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a book of Recitations and Headings, comprising 

Hfirfy four hun<lnd standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 
■fcc. The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
vol >l the kind likely to give as much satisfaction 

For $2, two subscriptions and the folhiwiug standard work ■ Wxfori/ of the i'nitol 
Slot,*, in Chmnnlngical Order, from the Discovery of America in [402 to the year 
isss, including notices of Manufactures as they were introduced; of other Industries; 

ol Railroads, Canals, Telegraphs and other improvements; of inventions. Important 
Events, &c. Bj EMOKY E. CHILDS. Printed from large type on line paper, hand- 
^oiu.'lv hound in cloth with ink and gold side stamp. Regular price, $1.00. 

Poi si;, -i\ subscriptions and the following photographic outfit by express : 
Thi H I Camera; a child ten years old can make a picture. It consists 
of a beautiful lit 1 1* ciiueta covered in imitation morocco, and will make a photo- 
Li i iph W . I ; in< Ik • in size, and is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Lens. It also 
includes six l,i:ditnin>: l>rv Plates, two Japanned Iron Trays, two Bottles of Developer, 

■ package Hyposulphite Soda, one Printing Frame, six sheets each Silvered and 

Blue Pi mi I" i )>< ■ -n.- I :. >t' le of Gold or Toning Solution, twelve Card Mounts, one 
Plate Lifter, one Sin i i Ruby Paper and full directions for making Ruby Lamp. 
This out in contains all that ii urn/"/ to male* and complets <t photograph. 

For $0, nine subscriptions and the " Unique" Teligraph Outfit by express. This 

simple ji ud neat combination set is made for our use by the New Haven Clock Co., of New 
York. It is both cheap nod practical and thoroughly well made. Though designer! 
i"i use "i Learners, d is no toy, but may be used on private lines from a few feet to 
several miles in length, Two outfits of course are needed if two persons wish to both 
send and receive messages. The two cells will operate a line not exceeding Hiu fed 
in 1 1 ■mi Hi ; an extra cell should lie added for every 1200 feet. Extra cells cost 75 cents 
each, (Hid extra spoolsof wire of 100 feet length 75 cents each. Full instructions, al- 
[ihatiei A, . accompany each outfit. We will furnish extra supp.ies either for cash or 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a Celebrated Mobert Rifle, TteiM/ij/gUm action, oiled 

-to. is. .1-. hardened, pistol grip, checkered and 22 caliber. Sent by express. These 
i ill. - . • insui passed in the quality of material and workmanship. 

1 oi $25 twenty -live subscriptions and an elegant Breech- !,<>"<] ing Double* 
Barrel Shot Sun with hading trt complete. This is a rare bargain, the gun selling 

te:idih .ii *20. This is the cheapest r-li«hl, breeeh-Ioading fowling piece of which 
we hive am knowledge, and will do all the work of a much more expensive gun. 

Sent DJ express. 

For $30, thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Extra-Heavy Soiled Gold Plate 

Wat eh. worth *>;, Elegant Hunting Case Plain or Engine-Turned Back and Front. 

wiili oi without monogram. A time-piece of the first excellence, with Sweep-Second 
Movement and Stop Att At etment. Securely packed in a wooden box and sent by express. 


l. celebrated Alta Edltk 

selling books. Each book is bound 
inner, with a b autiful black and gold side 

i I il -id. .mi -ilk ribbon marker. The list 

eof the followingstami 
i of popiiho twelve 
s of the most pop- 

N -■■. 1 ■■•■ ■ 



.. - f"tl! 




' :: ;;;: : M. 


seventy five cents per 

lid the follnwillL' 

For $17, seventeen subscript!) 
handsome extra premium by express 

Charles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproac h- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwise 
than as a premium. 

^"A present, subscriber sending subscriptions to secure any of theabove 
special premiums may include his own renewal among the number. In that 
cise his time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
us that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify us at the 
time of sending the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance be should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following- Premiums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following 

.rl $1 to paj for 

special premium offered 
will send us one new subscription (with regula 
same. Tin 1 new subscription must not be his 
other present subscriber. 

that of 

Four Books In One t No Household is Complete Without It! 


SotWc'SJcJ 1 r 1 Vr U 1 m ' 



• • ■ . 

SSTet»iS.»u™ e i™i"lK":'u. , 6;,! 1 ::„- , ; ,: , '.'::.; \. 


t^ ^— "~? ^^ t ^^.[ tlir-ra. H'.w younif nixl ok] heads will txlrele and study 

The following is offered us a special premium to any present subscrib* r who will -.end 

us two new subscriptions i each with regular premium.) and $'2 to p y for same. The new 
siiberiptions must not include his own renewal nor that of any other presenl subscriber. 


X>. T. AMSS, Publishe, PSJ.MA* ll i [0 


chiiiii.''-- of locution, or 
broader Beldi wfttj Iatjjbi 


salaries, should 

\\ A Mi-i'iir..l, MiiiiuniT. J)es Moines. Iowa. 

Now is the time to enroll in order to secure 

do you wantTposjtiqn ? 

Penmanship, in Public Schools, Book-keep- 
ing, Shorthand, Typewriting, Telegraphy, 
Drawing in Public Schools, Vocal Music in 
Private Schools, VooaJ Music in Public Schools. 
Art in Private Schools, Physical Culture, Syn- 
thetic Sound System; Instrumental Music, 
Manual Training, Military Tactics, Kinder- 
garten. Private Tutor, Klocntiou, Governess. 

The Art Teachers' Employment Agency, 

of Des Moines, Iowa, will afford you an oppor- 
tunity to obtain such employment as you wish. 
Rates very cheap. Send stamp for particulars, 

I HAS. J. CONNER, Manager, 

Des Moines, Iowa 


10 Cents. 

10 Cents. 


lO Cents. 


10 Cents. 
\l) ol the above ordered „t one time. 
80 Cents. 

6-12 515 East State Street. Trenton. N. J. 

There is Nothing Like It 

My Written Compendium is 
proving a perfect substitute for lessons 
by mail. Those who have bought it 
are gliding into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with as little dif- 
ficulty as I could ask were they under 
my personal supervision. The Com- 
pendium is a success as a home instruc- 
tor, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compels the right 
movement. I firmly believe any young 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this compendium. 
It embraces everything necessary in a 
fifteen lesson course, and would be a 
big help to traveling teachers. Price 
One Dollar by mail, post-paid. 

B )X 63, "STATION W.," 

»» BROOKL YN, N. Y, 




Every Booh-he* pi r should «-. them. 

Demy, else !(li A , g ju niches. 




Blxler's Physical 

• iv.ipU's Writ- 

;; b. 

- i). „„ 

i ■■..., 

II. 730 

<'. In., 


i 3000 

V. :>««) 


Rapid Wriliuu 

l-raliiinu In .•ciMiuuishlp 

Full . I nn,l„n. ,,,1.1 the "F " 

i nt: i « .« in ■ 

«i'.i'."i.' )~'h.',i("'\. ,■,',".' f.','' i 'iV".i' ,i !'u,r , i',i'' 1 , -Vi'.' 

K""L ,. I,,llv ill,, .iv., ,,..1 .,,„| i, ,1,1m, :., II 

■"i.m'.i'J,,,. , .'|l,l,,"lll ,'l'l,' r'-y-t. m,- I ,".''m,:., , , , ,''!i'""\' 
,.„„. .,, y.„, «nu- .. pl.un r.ipi.l hand, yon will 

HaiVclNonient DIPLOMA 

GIDEON BIXLER. PDMisler. Woosier, Ohio. 

Standard Typewriter. 

chines. Buy the 

ithin30day9C. O. D 
\ltsm,l TKLY sATI 
KESI'KCT. HhtkIsmid,. ... . 
sample* book i>f papers on n 

..... 1'rtivu. ,;(,!■; or 

KHTIK.NIMi Minn mil, i, ,1,,, i ,it uu v time 

"" " ysC. (I. I), r.o toll | .rui- paid If not 


Championship of the World, 

At Toronto, in open Contest, Aug. 13, 1868. 

327 Broadway New York. 



WrtMmgU U ■ alone FRHE.I 

IMARBACH ORCAN CO. BOO illbrnBt- rhfW, r«.| 

:;;! m r; 

; London, li w Qracechurcfa St., 

© The Modern Way 


ersonally with a pen is a lh[ng past. The 

,,„.,,,, I lur steiiicrniphfis and typewriters 

like fill Ih 

sc desirable 



hs for <>m 


nil laught 

by mail. Se 

,d us yo 

■ill utile 

Oil lull par 

W^C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 




'"'?; - <>i"IM<>>» ,>!■' I Ml III 

M'ICMII.K tl-HlCIIN. .,,,,. .t,H,,.„ li|.;u. 
II. IIISII.ll', \ V St.,, I, Kx.-li.nnie, N. V. fit,. 

,',,-„, uf Pitman's. 
Address, with stamp, 


tfhly improved 

Catbnsvllle, M,l 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The best 

Send stamp for pamphlet and sped 

a of writing. 

■M Teacher of Shorthand, Pittsburg, Pa. 

$4 E?f"l A Ileut b0S Containing com 

I .OU. He-., ,„m„ f,, r Mi.Wui.l 
nunlls. ,n,.h as note books, pencils, pen a rubber 
inkstand, etc . etc., will be sent, postpaid .,r ei- 
pressag.-, prepaid, to any part of the I nlte.j Mat,* 
on receipt of si.fio. Address. 

• tf 80S Broadway, New York. 

La Salle St 


I am going to say verj little about tins 
course. Tin* facl that I was obligi d to 

Btop iny advertisements becausi I wi 

""-' ■ tudenta than i could stti nd to 

is in itself sufficient proof of its merits, 
The instructions and copies for this course 
are all fresh from the pen and will always 
be my wry best work The student is 
taught to write a rapid, easy style and in 
the very shortest time possible ' Tbe plan 

lur Conducting tins course i- nri-in:.!, :ill(l 

to it I credit the wonderful succest I bavi 
had teaching bj mail. 

That I have had wonderful success is 
shown by the following specimen of mm- 

The old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dering the course, and the new style he 
sent me after completing the course. His 
P. 0. address is Chambersburg, Pa He 

" I iintsl . riei'i-flv i leink you for Hi" kiudlv 

tyou maoife?ted i 

Those who wish to become Hue penmen 

at small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a little attention, will find in 
this course just what fchej wanl 


Did you ev* 

have n.,t. try ■ 
straight ln.hii- 
ordinary hoM. 
they sniiui; j 
pleasdiL- 1'. wr 

I'l-icn liv mail 
the Spellft rm 

IK PI slloi Dl ill. 

■ use a Cork Penholder f 

Thei are no, .h iarcer than the- 

i-r ciiouEh su thai t!n-\ ,n ■■ \,-\ \ 

Why use a. poor pen when a good one 
cheap i The kind thai I use have a v.- y | 
do in,t MTiih'li mi. 1 are vim v elnsne. I'i 
quarter gross, 3* cents. ; one gross, SI. 20 


Finest quality, 500 sheets, size S x I 
5*.a.>; ■■!■*■« sheets. $ I .-",(.* . Unc uleil, 50 

f^voo; .•.J^lie'-rs, ji.j(.i. t'e„t by express 

for -I 

■ Brilliani Iuk, BOu, 


A if Dakin SMida torn* of the finest writte) 
eardt we haw ever teen Mr. Dakin 1 1 vm aj th 

""",' skillful ,..n;,. ,, i„ //,. ,„„„,,,/ 

n r 1.1//-.S. 

The following packages will he found tocontili 

Jiy very iiesf work 6 ml will equal ihe m.i k ol an] 

nit' set hiisiness capitals, tu., wr 
iena and samples of copy writii 
I*ii< ■knur No, a, price *2.i 

t nf cipilals. 

II Ol It ,1 

copy writing 


ivorltt pens and sampti 

, price 10 ee 

,-,■1 1. pentiolder, six fiv. rite i 

6, price 50 eci 

»mpleaof oo] 

I'liikMi-v \ 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Aootirat. and IMi,,l>lv. Semi .tamp tor a 

BS-pago ,ir, u,a, Uaouloa, rented nn trial. 

V. S. STEMOGltAl-U CO., 

St. Lou,,. M„. 




No. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. V. 






The only Penmanship Paper in the South 
Dufclisbed monthly. It is beautifully illus- 
trated, practical, progressive and instruct- 
ive. Its columns are devoted to the inter- 
ests of penmanship id all its departments, 
m self improvement and practical educa- 
tion. Subscription, 50 cents per year. A 
sample copy for two cents in stamps. Ad- 





449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of 'ts kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 


Distance no objection. Low rates and satis- 
faction guarantied. Send two letter stamps for 
SJpage Announcement and Testimonial 0. 







Any of the f.ill'>wiin; articlei will, upon receipt 
i.f promptly forward ed by mail (or express 
9 hen -■■ stated); 

When 10 cents extra are remitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship «*> 00 

Ames 1 Book of Alphabets 160 

Ames' Guide to Practical and ArtlstlC Pen- 
manship, ill Piper :VKv; ill I'lotll (5 

Anils' Copy slips f.-r seif-T, mhcrs 50 

Williams' and Packard's Gems 5 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

oei Brothers 1 00 

New spencer inn Compendium, complete In 8 

parts, per part 80 

Kiiilirs Alphabets, live slips, Zh- ; complete 

Little's Illustrative Handbook ,,11 Drawing... 60 

i.ivmt Mfiin.rial _ -iiXiS inches 50 

Family Record 1Si2i " 50 

Marriage Certitioate 18x22 " 50 

11x14 " 60 

liarfi. Id Memorial 19x24 " 60 

Lord's Prayer. 19x34 " 60 

Hi 'lint' Stag 24x32 " ' 50 

Flourished Eairte 24x82 " 60 

Centennial Ilcturu of Progress. .,'Jix25 " 60 
" " " ...28x40 " 1 00 

Kuh>k'y of Lincoln and Grant. -£ix&& " 50 
Ornamental and Flourished Cards, 12desUcns, 

new, original and uuivfie, per pack of 60, 30 

100 by mail CO 

1000 " H56|'byexpfess'':.'!:!!!!!"':" 4 00 

Bristol Board, 3-sheet thick, yjxIM, per sheet. 60 

" jax-W per -licet, In express... 30 

French B. B., 84x34, " " ... 75 

i- . ■. . .. I ■■.,. , .-.I,: . 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot- pie-- r.vav $ .15 | 1 20 

" " 17x22.. .20 2 00 

19x24.. .20 2 20 

£1x30.. .25 8 76 

26x40.. .65 7 00 

Wlnsor A Newton's Sup'r Sup India Ink Stick 1 00 

Prepared India Ink. per bottle, GO 

Antes' liest Pen. 4 gross box 35 

gross box 1 00 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, pergrosB. . . 00 

" " H«T0ssbxs. 25 

Engrossing Pens for lettering, per doz 26 

Crow-qullTPen, very fine, for drawing, doz. . 75 
fcumtrekcn Pen, for test lettering— Double 

Points- -set .if three . 20 

Broad— set of five 25 

Oblique Penholder, each ]»■• ; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder iniay be used either 

straight or olili.|iifi, ea.-ii !"<■ . per dozen, 1 00 
...i,i' I ne Tip-* oidjust able !■■ any holden, 

each :>e ; per dozen 36 

Writing and Measuring Rule] . metal edged.. 30 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings 1 25 

Ready Binder, a simple device fur holding 

oaners 10 

hew iiati'h Hinder, iurht and -tiling.. . 76 

Coniin.iu Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, cloth 

binder, Jouhnal size, very durable 1 50 

Roll Blackboards, by express, 

No. 1, size 2 x3 feet I 75 

No. S, " 2Hs3W feet... 1 75 

No, 3, " 8 xi " 8 60 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side. 1 26 

■10 Inches wide, per vard, slated both sides. 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best In use. for walls or 

wooden hoards, per gallon fl 00 

on good bank note paper ts kept In stock, and 
orders will lie tilled liv return of mall or express 

The tract i 1 Id em >mi nations are : l's, .Vs. Id's £Vs 

and 50's,in convenient proporl i.nis ; the bills are 
in the denominations of l's, -j's, r>'s, 10's, 20's SO's, 
lOO's, 600's and 1,0-Hi's, which are printed on slieet-s 
of fifteen bills ea.h. They are proportioned so as 
make :io/»-, a firm, 2 jives. 2 Una, and one each of 
the jo. .mi, ion, Um and 1,000 dollar notes. 

The proportion in which the different d- .omlna- 
t lens are printed Is that which Ioiil- esperlence has 
demonstrated n, best me-t Hie demands and con- 
venience in business practice We cannot furnish 
the Script in oilier t.r. ipi.ftli.ns than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional oust, 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes $ VS 

.. \\ !; 1,000 ,\ --------- boo 


750 notes representing 183,980 capital $ 7 00 

1,500 " " 160,600 " 12 00 

8.000 " " 333,330 " 20 00 


are kept tn stock and sent by return mall, or ex- 
press. 30 cents each, or $3.00 per dozen Orders 
for new and spei de-i-rr- pi -. -mptly filled. We 
have stock diplomas for business colleges ani 
misceUaueous Institutions. 


For the preparation of all manner 01" display cuts 

our fa.'llitlos me unequalled V-tid for estimates, 
.Also we have the best fnciliiies 1 . ,r ruaking photo- 
ougraved cuts from pen and iuk copy. 


Of most of the thousands of cuts that have ap- 
peared In Tub Journal, and our publications, 
duplicates will he furnished f-.r low prices. 

We will supply, at pubii^ftert , rates, any standard 
work on penmanship in print; also any bookkeep- 
ing, commercial arithmetic or other educational 

Send the money with order, in all eases. Unless 
this requirement is met no goods will be sent by 
mail, in any com. 11.. r by express, C O D., unless a 
Mitlieieiit advance Is made t.. protect us against 
i-iiniit.L-ent loss. Don't waste vour time and ours 
l-v writing 11s to ' send So-and-so (you have forgot 
t lie price) and you will remit," or to ask us if we 
'■can't take less." We can't. We handle nothing 
but reliable goods, and all who favor us with 
orders arc assured of prompt and efficient service. 

Address, T>. T. AMES, 

SOB Broadway, New York 

kWirM-VI EffiH 

Tile Best Fountain Pen." 

Mention I'KNM 

tlsyoodliy. Illliciill St i' nog - 

Bend for 




No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 






ki«jjjl3p w cts^W0 N RTH "' : Vl ■'■ SCROLL 

JoriN'wiLkiNSON CO . :i ''v 'i,T?ig5 T r l F L F -. T 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



■sp lence -nlli'Hert. 


St. Joseph, Mo. 




Adapted loi u-e with or without To_\ t-llook, 

and the mil) set recoiniuended 

to accompany 


Counting-House Bookkeeping," 

l-'uvol-iilile :u I. lie,-, mi-ill- ni.ele « 11 li Uo- 

< > w * and Public and P.nnte Se I- 

iiitrodiietioi) iilid n-e 1 le-ei oitn e 1,1-1 

i-eudy Correspondence ui\ lied 

The best Pen in the U. S,, and best penman use 


119 & 121 William Street, N. 


LADIES, THIS IS FOK tin • * " fcfc 

Bicycle oi-Cun 

$2.00 for $1.00, 

The I lost steel pen <•! Ivilirli-di iininufaitmo Is 

Tin- Peiroe Phlloaophlaal Treatise of Penman^ 
ship, which contains 7t«i rpieslions and TlHlnn- 

awew, besides other valuable matter, retails for 

S1.00, and thousands of volumes have been sold. 
To jfive this book » wider circtilution, the fol- 
lowing offer is extended to n generous public: 

For $1.00 I will send a BToaa at 604 QWott's 

Pens und my Tientisc ro any address in t iiinidn 

in Ihr lliited Stales. 


Keokuk. Iowa. 
I'n- iviiee line. Coll. 10-tf 


ml SI.:::., SJ or sa.JO for » 

pie retail lm\ \.\ e\ l ,|-e-- n 




' a thousand yoan as a day No arithmetlo 

teiiehi'- it. A -In 1 1 (, -i m pie, pi. ie heal method by 
!■. i' A'l KINsuN, Pnoeipalot Sacn.meiito llusl- 
iies>('olli-- ( .,Siiei-nincnlo,L'al ll> raail.SOuviits, 
Addle" us iilim -c. 




, u = Standard Pnii-ilei<l rvnniiiiishlp, a portfolh 
eintiraelnir a con.] del e lllniirv << pr.iei ie;il wrlllng 

ineinditiL' the n.-w .\i.i-: Alphabet, capable 01 
belntr written by any one letritily (iv» timea as 

iut ordinary writinc. I- maile-l b.r 11.00, from the 
New York office only. Address 

Spencerlun Business College, 

'Aid J01!K"N:1I7?3&3e; 

Slyle O. Portrait lo Order for 97. .10. 

The prices rive ,.i, i the portrait cute shown on tuispage. include coat of drawtng ami .-nfnuing- n. lart, even c..m—.i tin mni "!' ;,,,,■„, ,. , „, .„,.,„ „ i,„,..ii..i» ..i 

Lh , li. I I, ,„„.. I. a.M.-l I... i~.~. lw >.. El, „.t Hill .-.-i.ts .-...I. » /• I 1 !■■"'■ <"' "■■"'"I"- "' ' V . ,„., ,,, ,.„ .„,,. 

riiat plain .md ornamental pelimnii..lii|. «'i He and tell ■■> what v.a. ere .-a ,,,./.,.' . ... we can v..n a„v .■..! i > i-li '",' „..,,. -W .; ' ■ 

I il nin .ill ii.l.i.. I,l„. -I. in- iilri FOP -J curd l:,'T> a , , ,1 , ,|n ,h -el, c i ae, „- , I "!'•' 

1 quality; tool at th 

.. . I.' f.ehit Iilui-k ,,, III,' <'l. .hi i, tin' -- n|, ',„,', 1 l'.\,T\ 

tn 11 "'■ '■' ' 'heap-John > itablUhn 

r'puotreengraviug c 

r i a. ap-John tai 

, deposit equal'to at least one-thWoI the order when goods are to be sent C. o. t). This is Imperative. Address 

E>. T. A.1VIES. SOB Broadway, Now Yorfc. 

/^f .f/yt&w/ft/i 7/pp/$mi. 


\w ])V\\\\^\K>\\\\\^\\\>VA 

u^p^ ^pc iMf^,mis^ ; 

WcveV lH&>'oi> & piioT o - ■ 



r 001.1) PEN. Slylo. 
KMi I lb. ■ i) si . N If, 




Hailed ritvr. to any part of the ({Jolted States 

i, . Bipl i'l 

'.;-,r. fat 

ulk « 


Special prices to the brads or agenta, 

St ami* not refused, tiut orders fur 
iiiiytVi.ntuin -Ti eentg-not 23 or 2i cent 
c»t o-logue free. 


■tiers. Stationers, Printers and Naturalists, 
No. 16 Humboldt Block. Kansas City, Mo. 


Any one wishing I 
mauship by mail ma; 
30AKB0HOOGH, who has been 

modated by .' 

this partloula 
lessons, which will do 
about lis much good 
under a teacher's 
six lessons and iret 

$3.00 pays for six 
■neverlng student 

supervision. Try 
the right direction. 


llnl/on W.,U-kl„,,,l 


HDd Plaiu and Ornanientnl Pi-nwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegimt style and at 

moderate priees. 

line II..Z.II Written Cards. 13c. ; Better 

quid.ty, 20c. A Gem of Flourishing, 10c. 

liesBons l=>y TSuTa±±. 

Lesaons giverj in any branch of the art 
by mail at prices within the reach of all. 
Send stamp for particulars. 

A. E. 

DEWHUf . ., 


|1 OOlKouDtaln. SI :>n and i.|. 4-yi J. I'LKlfll 

Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

I st.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

m order to learn the System. Only Six books. 
2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

stretch ng to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

" ngma, urqtiesne, xylu.. tcnatlv, mimetic, and xuthus." 
6th.— E^ch book contains our pages of practir paper— one-sjfth more paper 

than in the books of any other series — and the p^, rtie bell ever used f.>r copy-books. 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel anil printed on tinted 

paper, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


Description aftftte Made by 


tween OW i iiL'ii-h and 
lied in.' " Boll- 1 il ...I 
■ .'..rues on (in' left. Ii 

on the " German Test," iinti ndapt- 

. ._ I.eaitrifnl Scrip', and esp.-Htdly adapted 

mall i'fii> ; very useful 
o « i* ba-ietl <■ ii llic \1 
,ila]il'il I" r;i[ild tin. I i,l it 

No. 1 is,:.!! I 

No. 2 mi . 

Eq, :t nsemblei 
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ulfii-ltiv' effect 


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